5 Reasons California Offers the Best Deer Hunting in the Country

Written by Sam Hindman
Updated: October 10, 2023
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The Golden State is known for a number of things, but did you know that one of those things is deer hunting? A common phenomenon throughout the nation, there are many ways in which California has made its yearly hunting unique. The state has five massive hunting zones, each with a different timespan for the hunting season. Deer hunting in California stands out for a number of reasons, from the state’s physical structure to the dedication of the people working in its environmental sector. Each year thousands of new hunters apply for their license, the sport proving itself to be stronger than ever in the area. If you’re interested in all the reasons why California deer hunting is so great, read below for some of the most appealing.

1. Hunting Has A Strong Regional History

Blacktail deer grazing

Deer hunting in California historically traces back to before the conception of the United States.


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California has always been known for its pioneering spirit. Hunting is a tradition that traces many years back into its heritage. Long before the state was settled by European immigrants, Native American tribes like the Yurok, Miwok, and Shasta dominated the area. They engaged in the hunting of several creatures, and deer were the most prominent. Hunting was obviously not a mere sport to these tribes but rather a means of survival and connection with nature. These hunting techniques and traditions have made their way down to present-day hunters. Meshing with the tactics of the state’s 19th-century settlers, the two forms of practicing hunting were uniquely combined.

Because of the connection that locals have with deer hunting in California, the hunting season certainly brings the community together. Hunting is often a family affair, and this has extended to large hunting groups and gatherings. Over the years, the state has accumulated dozens of clubs and organizations dedicated to the sport. Plus, an added bonus is California’s status as a conservation-oriented state. As we’ll touch on later, the hunting community in the state realizes that the future of their sport is intertwined with the health of their ecosystem. As such, hunters often participate in conservation initiatives that further bond them!

2. There Are Several Types of Deer in California

columbia black tailed deer

The Columbian blacktail deer is the most common subspecies of deer found in California.


If you’re someone who usually hunts on the East Coast or only has one particular kind of deer in your region, you’ll definitely be interested in the many deer subspecies California has to offer. Technically, the state has six subspecies of deer. The most common is the Columbian blacktail deer, which is found in the majority of the state’s northern half. There’s also the California mule deer, smaller in size and the second most common. It’s usually spotted west of the Sierra Nevada mountains. The second-largest kind of deer in the state is the Rocky Mountain mule deer, located in the most northeastern region.

Inyo mule deer, which are quite small, are located in both the southern and central parts of the state. Burro mule deer can be found along the borders of Mexico and Arizona. The last and newest kind of deer in the state is the Baja blacktail, also referred to as the Southern mule deer. You can find this kind of deer in the southwest part of California.

The reason why there are so many different subspecies is that the state wants some differentiation to avoid miscommunication between the hunters and the sizes/scores of the deer they hunt. If they don’t usually do their deer hunting in California, they might not understand why these deer (which would have the same name without the subspecies classifications) are so much smaller than the ones they have back home.

3. The State Has Interesting Terrain

Small creek in Eastern Sierra Nevada mountains in California, along the John Muir Trail in Little Lakes Valley Heart Lake in Mono County.

There are a number of interesting terrains that someone who is deer hunting in California could have a chance to explore.


As we briefly touched on in the introduction, there are five hunting zones within the state of California. These zones are A, B, C, D, and, oddly enough, X. Since the state is so massive, it offers a lot of geographical diversity. This can be quite appealing to hunters who want to get a taste of a different setting while hunting. You can get a little taste of everything, including mountainous regions, desert settings, and your standard plains and forests. Having this kind of variety isn’t just a good time, either- it can also help you hone your hunting skills and become more advanced at your craft!

4. There’s A Commitment to Sustainability

Whitetail buck running along a ridge top during deer hunting season, silhouetted against the sky

You need a specific license to hunt in the state of California.

©Tom Reichner/Shutterstock.com

The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) takes the state’s hunting practices quite seriously. While recognizing its importance, it has implemented a large number of restrictions and other methods of ensuring that overhunting does not occur. One such factor is the yearly hunting quotas, which track the number of deer hunted in each zone to make sure all of the state’s subspecies of deer are able to thrive into the next season.

Another aspect that the CDFW is strict on when it comes to deer hunting in California is licensing. Before you’re able to get your license, you must complete a course on hunter education. For those who don’t live in the state, you’ll need a California non-resident license. That’s because licenses from other states won’t cut it in Cali! It’s important that you receive the proper credentials because the CDFW doesn’t play around. There are strict penalties for those caught hunting without a license or exceeding their bag limit.

If you have a lot of questions or concerns regarding hunting practices, the CDFW is on top of it. They have a very high emphasis on public education regarding hunting. There are several online resources you can turn to, as well as things like workshops that you can attend.

The last way in which CDFW shows an outstanding commitment to sustainability is through its yearly research conduction. Throughout the year, there is a data-driven approach implemented to ensure that hunting regulations have an accurate basis to run on. Some of the things that are monitored are deer health, migration patterns, and habitat conditions.

5. California Knows How To Hunt in Style

Closeup on hands of athletes handshake in the gym. Two bodybuilders greeting before workout together. hands of fit men collaborate before exercise. Athletes saying hello in the gym

There’s no greater feeling than meeting someone with the same passions as you.

©PeopleImages/iStock via Getty Images

Our last reason as to why deer hunting in California is the way to go is that, let’s face it, the state knows how to do things luxuriously! Cali has a reputation for knowing how to glam things up, and hunting is no exception. If you want an elevated hunting experience, there are a number of state-of-the-art lodges that can accommodate you with far more than the average amenities. With everything from Wi-Fi to hot tubs to gourmet dining, you’ll definitely find the perfect spot to rest and recharge post-hunt.

Plus, when you stay at a place like this, there are some added bonuses! For instance, you can get access to equipment rentals and transportation services for a cheap rate. You can also take advantage of knowledge from local experts. This kind of advice is great even for professionals, as every area you hunt in will have different ins and outs.

The last and arguably best bonus is the networking opportunities. There’s nothing like sharing a common hobby with someone. Especially something like hunting, which is very dedicated and intimate. The sense of community you’ll feel is well worth the price of staying at a lodge. Meeting people from different walks of life is invaluable. You never know what you might learn or how many friends you might make!

The photo featured at the top of this post is © Tom Reichner/Shutterstock.com

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About the Author

Sam Hindman is a writer at A-Z animals covering a range of topics, including pet care, plant care, pest control and travel destinations. She is currently pursuing a Bachelor's Degree in Multimedia Studies at Point Park University, set to graduate in the spring of 2024. A resident of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, when she isn't writing, she's spending time with her beloved cat Archie.

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