Stork vs Heron: What are the Differences?

White Heron in flight over water
Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock.com

Written by Emmanuel Kingsley

Published: June 5, 2022

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So many birds look alike, and it could be challenging to differentiate some from each other. An example would be the stork and the heron, who look so much alike that you will have a hard time making out the difference on a regular day. However, we will point out the differences in this article so you can spot them for yourself the next time the opportunity presents itself.

Comparing Stork and Herons

Herons are in a different family from storks.
StorkHeron
FamilyCiconiidaeArdeidae 
SizeLength: 39-45 inches
Height: 39-49 inches
Weight: 6.2 to 7.3 lbs.
Wingspan: 86.6‚Äď126 in
Length: 8.9 -14.2 inches 
Height: 34 – 55 inches
Weight: 3.3 lbs – 6.6 lbs
Wingspan: 66 – 91 inches
Morphology Long and stout bill curved at the tip, small head, straight long neck, football-like body, long and broad wings, long legs. Thick dagger-like bill, small head, S-shaped neck, broad and rounded wings, long legs.
HabitatFound in freshwater wetlands, lakes, and ponds all over Africa, Asia, Central America, Eurasia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South-America.Found in wetlands and marshes all over Africa, Asia, Central America, Eurasia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South-America
Social BehaviorSolitary but can live in groups. Very territorial during the breeding season Solitary but can live in groups, very territorial when feeding and during nesting season.
DietCarnivore: Insects, amphibians, small mammals, bird eggs, fish, crustaceans. Carnivore: Fish, Insects, Molluscs 
PredatorsStriped skunks, vultures, corvids, and grackles.Crows, raccoons, hawks, eagles.

The Key Differences Between Stork and Herons

The key differences between stork an herons are in their appearance, size, and family. Surprisingly, these look-alike birds belong to different families. The stork belongs to the Ciconiidae family, while the heron belongs to the Ardeidae family. 

Stork vs. Heron: Size

Marabou Stork standing in a lake.

The stork is larger than the heron.

The two birds differ in size. The stork measures 39 to 45 inches in length, 39 to 49 inches in height, 6.2 to 7.3 lbs in weight, and has a wingspan of 86.6 to 126 inches. On the other hand, the heron measures 8.9 to 14.2 inches in length, 34 to  55 inches in height, 3.3 to 6.6 lbs in weight, and has a 66 Р91 inches wingspan.

Stork vs. Heron: Morphology

The stork and heron have striking differences in their appearance. The stork has a long and stout bill that’s curved at the tip and leads into its scabby head. It also has a long straight neck that joins up with its football-like body, which runs down to its long legs and is also blessed with long and broad wings that enable it to soar in the sky. Contrary to the stork’s appearance, the heron has a short and thick dagger-like bill that runs into its small bald head. Its S-shaped neck, which is rather incredible to behold, joins its head to the rest of its body from which its broad and rounded wings and long legs extend.

Stork vs. Heron: Habitat

These two birds have one thing in common: they can be found worldwide. The stork can be found in freshwater wetlands, lakes, and ponds all over Africa, Asia, Central America, Eurasia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America. Similarly, the heron can be found in all the listed locations as the stork and is endemic to wetlands and marshes.

Stork vs. Heron: Social Behavior

A night heron waiting for a fish to swim by

Herons are solitary birds that are highly territorial.

The social behavior of both birds varies in more ways than one and is a hub of differences between the two species. Storks vary in their social behavior as there are many species of these birds. So it’s possible to find some solitary, some in loosely close associations, while others live in social groups. These birds can be very defensive of their territories during the mating season. The stork has one mate all through its lifetime.

However, the heron has some differences in its social behavior compared to its look-alike. Herons are solitary birds that are highly territorial and can go to great lengths to display this. If one heron meets a less dominant heron at a hunting ground, it’s likely to chase it away. However, there tends to be some tolerance in some species during hunting. These birds are not always loners as they are often found in groups called rookeries during the mating season. There are also nest defense traits exhibited among some species of the heron, the great blue heron being a perfect example of this. These birds are known to be very territorial when nesting and feeding. Herons are not known to mate for life, even though they have incredible mating habits.

Stork vs. Heron: Nest building

Male and female storks combine efforts to build nests. The nests are usually big and are built to be used over the years. Interestingly, they build on trees using sticks and can consider other building sites when trees are not available. They also like to build around water sources, making it easier to feed and groom their young. The heron, on the other hand, also builds really large nests. The female builds the nest while the male stands guard over the territory. The nest is made from sticks, moss, grass, and pine needles and can be built in varying spaces, including trees, bushes, or on the ground.

Stork vs. Heron: Diet 

Both birds are carnivores and love to hunt particularly fish. The stork diet includes insects, amphibians, small mammals, bird eggs, fish, and crustaceans. On the other hand, the heron feeds on fish, insects, and mollusks.

Stork vs. Heron: Predators 

Unfortunately, storks and herons are on the lower end of the food chain and have predators to contend with daily. The stork is prey for the striped skunks, vultures, corvids, and grackles. Similarly, the heron is food for the crows, raccoons, hawks, and eagles.


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