Animals in Oceania



Below you can find a complete list of Oceanian animals. We currently track 186 animals in Oceania and are adding more every day!

Oceania is a geographic region consisting of many large and small islands. These include Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and other islands of the Pacific.

This region is known for its unique and sometimes bizarre wildlife, as well as its dangerous animals. Keep reading to discover some of the coolest animals in the world!

Oceania Wildlife Summary

Oceania is known for its unique wildlife. It has the world’s highest concentration of marsupials, animals like the kangaroo, koala, and wombat that carry their young in a pouch. Monotremes also live in this area. They are the only mammals in the world that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.

Tropical weather makes Oceania suitable for many parrots and other colorful birds. Some of the islands are home to birds of paradise, the males of which have bright colors, long, usual feathers, and elaborate mating dances. Flightless birds include the large emu and cassowary and the small brown kiwi.

Oceania is also home to some of the most dangerous wildlife in the world. In the oceans are sharks, poisonous fish and octopi, and jellyfish. On land are venomous snakes and spiders. The toothy saltwater crocodile inhabits both realms.

The Official National Animals of Oceania

Oceania is made up of many countries, each of which has its own national animals. In Australia, the national animal is the red kangaroo, and the national bird is the emu. In Indonesia, the Komodo dragon is the national animal. Indonesia’s national bird is the mythical garuda, which could be based on the kite or eagle. New Zealand’s national animal is the kiwi, and Papua New Guinea’s is the dugong.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Oceania

One of the best things about Oceania is that you can see wildlife everywhere. In Australia, for example, grey kangaroos and wallabies commonly wander into suburban backyards. Lorikeets, cockatoos, and butcher birds may perch overhead as you dine at an outdoor cafe. At certain times of the year, you can view humpback whales from the beach. A huge huntsman spider may even run across the window of your car! In Papua New Guinea, don’t be surprised to find a gecko in your hotel room or a flock of flying foxes in the trees above.

You can also visit zoos or hiking trails to see specific animals. Australia Zoo is a popular attraction that allows you to view many species native to Australia, Oceania, and continents around the world. Oceanic species include fresh and saltwater crocodiles, wombats, dingoes, echidnas, and Tasmanian devils. You can even feed and pet grey kangaroos! Australia Zoo was famously founded by Steve Irwin, the Crocodile Hunter, and it is still operated by his wife and children.

Other fantastic zoos and wildlife parks are located throughout Oceania. In Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, for example, there are two fine wildlife parks – the Port Moresby Nature Park and Adventure Park PNG. Wild flying fox bats roost overhead. Aviaries are filled with birds of paradise and giant Victoria crowned pigeons. You can also view crocodiles feeding, cassowaries, and rare tree kangaroos.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Oceania Today

Oceania is famous for its host of dangerous animals. In the ocean, watch out for saltwater crocodiles, great white sharks, blue-ringed octopus, stonefish, lionfish, cone shells, box jellyfish, and man-o-wars.

On land, there are venomous animals that vary depending on the location. Some include the common brown snake, tiger snake, Sydney funnel-web spider, redback spider, and jack jumper ants.

The cassowary has been called the “world’s most dangerous bird,” and the Komodo dragon has also been responsible for human fatalities.

While many dangerous animals call Oceania home, keep in mind that wildlife attacks are still rare. When people are educated about native wildlife and potential dangers, they are usually able to keep a safe distance and live in peace with the animals.

Endangered Animals In Oceania

Many Oceania animal species are endemic or native to just one or a few small islands. With limited range and habitat, these animals can easily become endangered of becoming extinct.

Tasmania, for example, is a refuge to many endangered species that once roamed Australia. This southern, heart-shaped island avoided colonization by some invasive species, such as the dingo. Without competition from feral animals, endangered Tasmanian devils, wedge-tailed eagles, and others continue to survive.

The island of New Guinea is also home to many endangered species, including rare and beautiful birds. Endangered tree kangaroos, pademelons, and the Queen Alexandra birdwing butterfly – the largest butterfly in the world – also live there.

There are also a number of famous extinct animals from Oceania. The thylacine or Tasmanian tiger is perhaps the most famous.

Other well-known extinct animals from this region include the Moa, dwarf emu, dodo bird, and numerous reptiles, bats, birds, and mollusks.

Oceanian Countries Animals Lists

Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!

Oceanian Animals

Albatross

The largest wingspan of any bird in the world!

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Australian Bulldog

The Aussie is a strong swimmer, a good workout in nice weather.

Australian Cattle Dog

High energy levels and active minds!

Australian Gecko

Geckos have 100 teeth and continually replace them.

Australian Kelpie Dog

Friendly, intelligent and energetic!

Australian Labradoodle

The "Australian" just refers to where the breed originated

Australian Mist

First bred in the 1700s!

Australian Shepherd

Sweet, faithful and affectionate!

Australian Terrier

Spirited, alert and courageous!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Bandicoot

Bandicoot Many species are endangered or extinct!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beaglier

These dogs have great sniffer abilities

Bearded Dragon

Can grow to up 24 inches long!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bichpoo

Despite its small size, the alert nature and sharp bark of this canine make it a good watch dog.

Bilby

In Australia, the chocolate bilby replaces the chocolate bunny for Easter.

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Bird Of Paradise

There are around 50 different species!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Budgerigar

Natively found in Australia!

Burrowing Frog

Found close to marshes, streams and lakes!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cashmere Goat

Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan

Cassowary

Can reach speeds of 30mph!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Christmas Island Red Crab

During the breeding season, roads can dangerous for cars as well as the crab. Their shells are so hard they can puncture tires.

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockatoo

Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crested Penguin

Has long yellow eyebrows!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Cuscus

Has a long, strong prehensile tail!

Dingo

Natively found on the Australian continent!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Echidna

Also known as the Spiny Anteater!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Emu

The largest bird in Australia!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Frilled Lizard

Mainly lives in the trees!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Golden Masked Owl

While flying high above this owl can hear a mouse moving in the tall grass of field!

Gouldian Finch

The male Gouldian finch bobs its head and fluffs its feathers to court a female.

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Tree Frog

Green tree frogs breathe through their skin

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hornbill

The bird has a massive horn on its bill!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntaway

Huntaways have a strong instinct for herding.

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kakapo

The heaviest species of parrot in the world!

Kangaroo

Females have a deep pouch on their front!

Kiko Goat

Kiko goats breed year-round, and they are not good at defending themselves.

Kiwi

Only found in the forests of New Zealand!

Koala

Spends up to 80% of the time sleeping or resting!

Kookaburra

The laughing kookaburra is one of four kookaburra species.

Koolie

The name "koolie" comes from the German mispronunciation of "collie."

Labradoodle

Friendly and energetic mix-breed!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Little Penguin

The smallest species of penguin!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Lorikeet

The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it

Lungfish

The lungfish first evolved almost 400 million years ago.

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mallard

With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day

Maltese Shih Tzu

Both parent breeds, the Maltese and Shih Tzu, once entertained royalty

Marine Toad

Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Myna Bird

For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Numbat

There are less than 1,000 left in the wild!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pademelon

Inhabits the jungles of the far east!

Parakeet

Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peacock Spider

They can jump up to 10 centimeters (40 times their body size) and see the full rainbow spectrum of light, including UV.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Platypus

One of the only mammals to lay eggs!

Poochon

The Poochon was first bred in Australia.

Possum

There are 69 species on the Australian continent!

Potoroo

They can carry items with their tail.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Quokka

Makes runways through the long grasses!

Quoll

Found across Australia and Papua New Guinea!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Red Fox

The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.

Redback Spider

The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rockhopper Penguin

There are 3 different species!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Savanna Goat

Savanna goats have only existed since 1957.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Dragon

Inhabits tropical coastal waters of Australia!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Silky Terrier

Silky terriers can be trained to participate in many events, including herding, agility, rally, tracking and fly ball.

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Striped Rocket Frog

Long powerful hind legs!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Tarsier

Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!

Tasmanian Devil

Exclusively found on the island of Tasmania!

Tasmanian Tiger

The Tasmanian tiger could open its mouth almost 90 degrees.

Tenterfield Terrier

These terriers have quick minds and fast feet making them excellent for agility competitions.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Terrier

Terriers were once the greatest dogs in the world.

Thorny Devil

Found only on mainland Australia!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tree Kangaroo

It’s the only macropod that lives in trees.

Tuatara

Only found on a few of New Zealand's islands!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Wallaby

There are roughly 30 different species!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

White Butterfly

This butterfly determines the smell and taste of a flower with its feet.

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Wombat

Spends most of the day underground!

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Yellow-Eyed Penguin

The rarest species of penguin!

Zebra Finch

The male zebra finch creates a unique song by drawing inspiration from its parent or tutor

Oceanian Animals List

Animals in Oceania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in Oceania?

Oceania is home to all types of animals – mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, invertebrates, and birds. Some of the animals are very unique – marsupials that carry their babies in pouches and monotremes (echidnas and the duck-billed platypus) that lay eggs.

Which Animals Can You See in Oceania, Specifically Australia?

Popular animals include kangaroos, wallabies, dingos, Tasmanian devils, wombats, crocodiles, large fruit bats, koalas, and dingos. Whale watching is also popular. Australia is one of the few countries in the world where you can swim with humpback whales.

How Many Species of Animals Live in Oceania?

Hundreds of thousands of animal species live in Oceania. In Australia alone, scientists estimate that there are 250 native mammal species, 550 species of birds, 680 different types of reptiles, 190 species of frogs, and more than 2,000 species of fish. Even more unique species live on Oceania’s other islands.

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