Below you can find a complete list of Oceanian animals. We currently track 186 animals in Oceania and are adding more every day!
Oceania is a geographic region consisting of many large and small islands. These include Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and other islands of the Pacific.
This region is known for its unique and sometimes bizarre wildlife, as well as its dangerous animals. Keep reading to discover some of the coolest animals in the world!
Oceania Wildlife Summary
Oceania is known for its unique wildlife. It has the world’s highest concentration of marsupials, animals like the kangaroo, koala, and wombat that carry their young in a pouch. Monotremes also live in this area. They are the only mammals in the world that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.
Tropical weather makes Oceania suitable for many parrots and other colorful birds. Some of the islands are home to birds of paradise, the males of which have bright colors, long, usual feathers, and elaborate mating dances. Flightless birds include the large emu and cassowary and the small brown kiwi.
Oceania is also home to some of the most dangerous wildlife in the world. In the oceans are sharks, poisonous fish and octopi, and jellyfish. On land are venomous snakes and spiders. The toothy saltwater crocodile inhabits both realms.
The Official National Animals of Oceania
Oceania is made up of many countries, each of which has its own national animals. In Australia, the national animal is the red kangaroo, and the national bird is the emu. In Indonesia, the Komodo dragon is the national animal. Indonesia’s national bird is the mythical garuda, which could be based on the kite or eagle. New Zealand’s national animal is the kiwi, and Papua New Guinea’s is the dugong.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Oceania
One of the best things about Oceania is that you can see wildlife everywhere. In Australia, for example, grey kangaroos and wallabies commonly wander into suburban backyards. Lorikeets, cockatoos, and butcher birds may perch overhead as you dine at an outdoor cafe. At certain times of the year, you can view humpback whales from the beach. A huge huntsman spider may even run across the window of your car! In Papua New Guinea, don’t be surprised to find a gecko in your hotel room or a flock of flying foxes in the trees above.
You can also visit zoos or hiking trails to see specific animals. Australia Zoo is a popular attraction that allows you to view many species native to Australia, Oceania, and continents around the world. Oceanic species include fresh and saltwater crocodiles, wombats, dingoes, echidnas, and Tasmanian devils. You can even feed and pet grey kangaroos! Australia Zoo was famously founded by Steve Irwin, the Crocodile Hunter, and it is still operated by his wife and children.
Other fantastic zoos and wildlife parks are located throughout Oceania. In Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, for example, there are two fine wildlife parks – the Port Moresby Nature Park and Adventure Park PNG. Wild flying fox bats roost overhead. Aviaries are filled with birds of paradise and giant Victoria crowned pigeons. You can also view crocodiles feeding, cassowaries, and rare tree kangaroos.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Oceania Today
Oceania is famous for its host of dangerous animals. In the ocean, watch out for saltwater crocodiles, great white sharks, blue-ringed octopus, stonefish, lionfish, cone shells, box jellyfish, and man-o-wars.
On land, there are venomous animals that vary depending on the location. Some include the common brown snake, tiger snake, Sydney funnel-web spider, redback spider, and jack jumper ants.
The cassowary has been called the “world’s most dangerous bird,” and the Komodo dragon has also been responsible for human fatalities.
While many dangerous animals call Oceania home, keep in mind that wildlife attacks are still rare. When people are educated about native wildlife and potential dangers, they are usually able to keep a safe distance and live in peace with the animals.
Endangered Animals In Oceania
Many Oceania animal species are endemic or native to just one or a few small islands. With limited range and habitat, these animals can easily become endangered of becoming extinct.
Tasmania, for example, is a refuge to many endangered species that once roamed Australia. This southern, heart-shaped island avoided colonization by some invasive species, such as the dingo. Without competition from feral animals, endangered Tasmanian devils, wedge-tailed eagles, and others continue to survive.
The island of New Guinea is also home to many endangered species, including rare and beautiful birds. Endangered tree kangaroos, pademelons, and the Queen Alexandra birdwing butterfly – the largest butterfly in the world – also live there.
There are also a number of famous extinct animals from Oceania. The thylacine or Tasmanian tiger is perhaps the most famous.
Other well-known extinct animals from this region include the Moa, dwarf emu, dodo bird, and numerous reptiles, bats, birds, and mollusks.
Oceanian Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
The largest wingspan of any bird in the world!
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
The Aussie is a strong swimmer, a good workout in nice weather.
High energy levels and active minds!
Geckos have 100 teeth and continually replace them.
Friendly, intelligent and energetic!
The "Australian" just refers to where the breed originated
Sweet, faithful and affectionate!
Spirited, alert and courageous!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
Bandicoot Many species are endangered or extinct!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
These dogs have great sniffer abilities
Can grow to up 24 inches long!
There are more than 350,000 different species
Despite its small size, the alert nature and sharp bark of this canine make it a good watch dog.
In Australia, the chocolate bilby replaces the chocolate bunny for Easter.
Not all birds are able to fly!
There are around 50 different species!
They typically prey on insects!
Natively found in Australia!
Found close to marshes, streams and lakes!
There are thought to be up 20,000 species!
Can survive without water for 10 months!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan
Can reach speeds of 30mph!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
During the breeding season, roads can dangerous for cars as well as the crab. Their shells are so hard they can puncture tires.
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Has long yellow eyebrows!
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Has a long, strong prehensile tail!
Natively found on the Australian continent!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Also known as the Spiny Anteater!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
The largest bird in Australia!
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Mainly lives in the trees!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
While flying high above this owl can hear a mouse moving in the tall grass of field!
The male Gouldian finch bobs its head and fluffs its feathers to court a female.
There are 11,000 known species!
Green tree frogs breathe through their skin
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
The bird has a massive horn on its bill!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Huntaways have a strong instinct for herding.
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The heaviest species of parrot in the world!
Females have a deep pouch on their front!
Kiko goats breed year-round, and they are not good at defending themselves.
Only found in the forests of New Zealand!
Spends up to 80% of the time sleeping or resting!
The laughing kookaburra is one of four kookaburra species.
The name "koolie" comes from the German mispronunciation of "collie."
Friendly and energetic mix-breed!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
The smallest species of penguin!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it
The lungfish first evolved almost 400 million years ago.
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day
Both parent breeds, the Maltese and Shih Tzu, once entertained royalty
Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.
There are more than 5,000 species.
There are less than 1,000 left in the wild!
Females are about four times the size of males
There are 13 different species worldwide
Inhabits the jungles of the far east!
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
They can jump up to 10 centimeters (40 times their body size) and see the full rainbow spectrum of light, including UV.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
One of the only mammals to lay eggs!
The Poochon was first bred in Australia.
There are 69 species on the Australian continent!
They can carry items with their tail.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
Makes runways through the long grasses!
Found across Australia and Papua New Guinea!
Omnivores that eat anything!
The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.
The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
There are 3 different species!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Savanna goats have only existed since 1957.
There are around 2,000 known species!
Inhabits tropical coastal waters of Australia!
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Silky terriers can be trained to participate in many events, including herding, agility, rally, tracking and fly ball.
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!
Exclusively found on the island of Tasmania!
The Tasmanian tiger could open its mouth almost 90 degrees.
These terriers have quick minds and fast feet making them excellent for agility competitions.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Terriers were once the greatest dogs in the world.
Found only on mainland Australia!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
It’s the only macropod that lives in trees.
Only found on a few of New Zealand's islands!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
There are roughly 30 different species!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
Spends most of it's time in the trees!
This butterfly determines the smell and taste of a flower with its feet.
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Spends most of the day underground!
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
The rarest species of penguin!
The male zebra finch creates a unique song by drawing inspiration from its parent or tutor
Oceanian Animals List
Animals in Oceania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Oceania?
Oceania is home to all types of animals – mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, invertebrates, and birds. Some of the animals are very unique – marsupials that carry their babies in pouches and monotremes (echidnas and the duck-billed platypus) that lay eggs.
Which Animals Can You See in Oceania, Specifically Australia?
Popular animals include kangaroos, wallabies, dingos, Tasmanian devils, wombats, crocodiles, large fruit bats, koalas, and dingos. Whale watching is also popular. Australia is one of the few countries in the world where you can swim with humpback whales.
How Many Species of Animals Live in Oceania?
Hundreds of thousands of animal species live in Oceania. In Australia alone, scientists estimate that there are 250 native mammal species, 550 species of birds, 680 different types of reptiles, 190 species of frogs, and more than 2,000 species of fish. Even more unique species live on Oceania’s other islands.