What Foods Can Dogs Eat Safely, and Which Are Dangerous?

Written by Katie Melynn Wood
Updated: February 3, 2023
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Human food and dog food have a lot in common. Protein, fats, and carbohydrates make up the basic nutrient profiles but that doesn’t mean that all foods that we eat are good for our four-legged friends.

While you may be tempted to let your dog clean leftovers off the floor, there are some foods that are not safe for dogs to eat. Fortunately, we’ve compiled a list to help you care for your dog’s health and well-being. You can learn more about what makes a healthy diet for your dog as well as ways to incorporate new treats and foods into their day.

Make sure to check back regularly to stay up-to-date on the top research and recommendations for your dog’s diet. We’re constantly reviewing and writing new food-related guides to help you keep your dog chesafe and healthy.

What Do Dogs Need in Their Diet?

Just like all other animals, dogs need certain nutrients to maintain a healthy body and life. They need to eat protein, carbohydrates, and fats.

Commercial dog foods are made to include everything that your dog needs in their diet. They are often made of at least 75% animal protein, which is the main nutrient that your dog needs to live its best life. Food from your plate should be limited to around 10% of your dog’s diet at the most. It’s best as an occasional treat.


Protein helps dogs build and keep muscle. Dogs need more protein than some other species. The exact protein that is ideal will also depend on their breed and activity. Most dog foods have protein as the top ingredient. These are often from chicken and fish, as well as other meat sources.


Dogs do not need as many carbohydrates as some other animals but they still benefit from high-quality sources of carbs. These can include rice and barley. The best sources of carbohydrates also include vitamins and minerals.


Dogs use fat for energy. Many fats also include things like Omega 3 fatty acids that are good for brain health. As dogs age, this is very important. Fats can also help insulate a dog’s body in cold weather. Breeds that are made for these environments often need more fat in their diet.

What Nutrients Are Good for Dogs?

All pets, dogs included, benefit from a variety of vitamins and minerals. These can help prevent diseases and allow your dog to combat germs. These can come from their diet or supplements, although getting them from food is often cheaper and leads to better absorption in their bodies.

Vitamin C

This powerhouse vitamin helps boost your dog’s immune system. It can come from many fruits and vegetables, as well as be included in their food. Dogs do not need quite as much Vitamin C as humans to keep up their immune system but it is a valuable nutrient.

Vitamin K

To prevent bleeding problems, make sure your dog has plenty of vitamin K. This vitamin helps their blood clot as needed. Vitamin K can be found in many fruits. Berries make a great bite-sized snack for dogs.

Vitamin A

This vitamin does a lot of things in your dog’s body. It helps with vision, bone growth, the reproductive system, and overall immunity to germs and disease.


Found in many vegetables, fruits, and grains, fiber is essential to keep the digestive system going. If your dog experiences a lot of constipation or diarrhea, talk to your vet about adjusting their fiber intake and possibly supplementing with treats that contain extra fiber.


This is an important nutrient for pregnant dogs. It helps with the puppy’s development. It can be found in broccoli (only feed unseasoned and watch for choking hazards). It is also a popular supplement for pregnant pups.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

These are great for brain development, skin health, and a lustrous coat. They can be found in avocados and fish, both of which dogs enjoy eating.

What to Watch for When Feeding Your Dog Leftovers

Not all ingredients are safe for dogs. Some are easy to spot, such as whole grapes or chocolate. Others can be tricky to find.

Excess Sugar

Too much sugar can lead to weight gain, diabetes, and tooth decay in dogs, just like in people. Things with added sugar, such as canned fruit or desserts, should be avoided. Take care not to feed your dog too many pieces of fruit as well, since these are high in sugar.


Too much salt can lead to dehydration and even sodium ion poisoning. Some foods, such as ham, contain salt naturally or through the preparation process. Others can have salt added during cooking or serving. Watch out for foods with too much salt before feeding them to your dog.


Many people season food while cooking or once it is on their plate to suit their tastes. These ingredients can be very toxic for dogs, however. One example is onion and garlic powder. It is often found in prepared dishes but can cause major health issues for dogs if they eat it. If you are feeding your dog from your plate, make sure that you only give them unseasoned food.

FoodSafe for Dogs?Edible PortionBenefitsRisks
AcornsNoNoneNoneAcorns are uniformly toxic to dogs, due to the tannin they contain. Don’t allow your dog to eat any acorns, and seek veterinary care if it does. In addition to being toxic, acorns can also cause intestinal blockage.
AlcoholNoNoneNoneDogs can suffer from alcohol toxicity if they consume alcohol. This can cause impairment to the central nervous system, hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and/or gastrointestinal distress. If your dog suffers severe symptoms (see article for detailed list), rush your dog to your vet or an emergency animal clinic.
AlmondsNoNoneNoneChoking, blockage in the intestinal tract, increased risk for pancreatitis due to high fat content, increased risk for kidney stones due to high phosphorus levels
Almond ButterYes, in moderation, and only if the almond butter has just one ingredient: almonds.A taste here and thereCan offer vitamin E, fiber, and fatty acids.If there are any ingredients besides almonds in the almond butter, dogs should not eat it. There are some ingredients used in store-bought butter that are toxic to dogs. Also, some dogs can’t tolerate nuts, and in turn, won’t do well with almond butter. There is also high fat content in almond butter, which can cause obesity problems if a dog has too much of it.
ApplesYesFlesh and skinHigh concentration of vitamin C and fiber to help the immune system and healthy digestion. Nutrients include antioxidants, vitamins A, C, and E, glutathione, flavonoids, and polyphenols.Eating multiple apple seeds in a short time can lead to cyanide poisoning
ApricotsYes, in moderationThe fruitApricots are rich in antioxidants and contain fiber, which can promote regular bowel movements. They may also promote skin and coat health and a strong immune system.Apricots contain sugar and fiber, either of which can cause digestive issues in excess. That’s why we suggest giving your dog only 1 to 2 small slices of fresh apricot. Apricot stems, leaves, and pits contain cyanide, which is toxic. Ingesting any amount of this substance can cause weakness, breathing difficulties, increased heart rate, seizures, or death. The pit itself is a choking hazard and could also cause intestinal blockage if ingested.
AsparagusYesThe spearThis low-calorie vegetable is loaded with fiber and nutrients.Raw asparagus spears are tough and difficult for dogs to digest, so only feed it to them steamed or sauteed without salt, oils, or spices. Be sure to cut the spears into smaller pieces so your pet won’t choke.
AvocadosYesRipe fleshHigh concentration of healthy fats, niacin, vitamin K and folate for healthy pregnancy, potassium to support blood pressure, and vitamins C and E for immune supportPersin in avocado pits can cause vomiting, diarrhea, or breathing problems. Seek veterinary care immediately.
BaconNoNoneNoneIncreased risk for pancreatitis due to high-fat content, dehydration or sodium-ion poisoning,
BananaYesThe fruit itself, not the peelBananas contain vitamins and nutrients, including magnesium, potassium, Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, and biotin. They are also rich in fiber and low in cholesterol and fat.Because bananas have high sugar content, they should only be offered as an occasional treat. Bananas can cause constipation. Dogs with health conditions with their kidneys or diabetes can’t process too much potassium, and they may suffer weakness, disorientation, or collapse from eating too many bananas. Also, while banana peels aren’t toxic, they do pose a choking hazard. They can also cause digestive system obstructions.
BeansYes, they can eat safe varieties. See article (left) for a complete list of beans that are safe for canines.Cooked beans without spices (safe varieties only)Beans are high in fiber and contain vital nutrients like vitamins A, K, and C as well as protein and manganese.Uncooked beans contain a compound that is toxic to dogs.

Never feed these four types of beans to your dog: baked beans, canned beans, coffee beans, raw beans/bean shells.
BeetsYes, as long as you follow some simple guidelinesBeet rootBeets are a good source of vitamin C, a crucial antioxidant that helps prevent free radicals from forming in your dog’s body. Vitamin C also enhances energy levels.

Beets also contain manganese, which activates enzymes that are necessary for the proper function of the metabolic system, including those that provide strength to soft tissue.

Beets contain fiber, which helps create well-formed stools, and potassium, a mineral that impacts your dog’s overall development and strength, including motor skills and heart health.

Chunks of raw beets could cause intestinal obstruction. Always chop and cook beets to avoid this choking hazard.

Also, it’s important to note that beets are a significant source of oxalic acid, which, if consumed in excess, can cause kidney stones and a calcium deficit in your dog.

To avoid this issue, feed beets to your dog in moderation.
BlackberriesYesAll parts of the berryFiber aids digestion, Antioxidants and Vitamin C help with overall health, Can help with weight lossExcess amounts can lead to xylitol poisoning and liver damage, Letting your dog eat wild blackberries can lead to thorn pricks
BlueberriesYesAll parts of the berryVitamins C, A, and K help support overall health. Antioxidants can prevent diseases and support the immune system.Make sure to feed as a treat rather than a meal. Blueberries do not contain the protein that dogs need.
BreadYesAll partsBread can ease constipation and stomach upset if given in moderation.Too much bread can fill your dog up, which means they won’t get the protein and other nutrients that they need.
BroccoliYesFloretsBroccoli is high in fiber, which can help with digestion. It also contains high amounts of folic acid, which is good for pregnant dogs.Only feed unseasoned broccoli to your dog. Large pieces of uncooked broccoli may be a choking hazard for small dogs.
Brussels SproutsYes, if you follow certain guidelinesThe sproutsBrussels sprouts’ fiber can help keep your dog’s digestive system healthy and ensure healthy bowel movements.

Brussels sprouts also contain a variety of nutrients, including vitamins B1 and B6 (boost metabolism to releasing the energy stored in food; make new cells and support nervous system function), vitamin K (responsible for blood clotting and bone metabolism; regulates calcium levels in your dog’s blood to reduce the risk of heart disease and improve circulation), antioxidants (fight free-radicals; help cognitive abilities), minerals (manganese, calcium, and potassium support bone health, muscle function, nervous system, and fluid balance), kaempferol (an antioxidant that reduces the risk of developing cancer and other illnesses by boosting your dog’s defense against free radicals; also inhibits cancer cell growth), isothiocyanates (these phytonutrients can slow the growth of cancer and reduce the risk of cognitive aging and heart disease).
The beneficial isothiocyanates in brussels sprouts can create excess bacteria — and excess gas — which can build up and cause stomach pain or discomfort.

Their high fiber content makes Brussels sprouts a choking hazard. To reduce this risk, cut the sprouts into small pieces before serving them to your dog.

Because Brussels sprouts are hard to digest when they’re raw, always cook them (without seasonings) prior to serving.
ButterNoNoneNoneButter is high in calories and saturated fat. The latter is difficult for dogs to digest and can increase the risk of pancreatitis. Most dogs are lactose intolerant, so butter can cause an upset stomach, diarrhea, and vomiting.
CabbageYesAll partsCabbage is high in vitamins and antioxidants for overall health.Feeding your dog cabbage everyday can lead to gas accumulation.
Candy CanesNoNone.None.Candy canes come in many varieties, either with a ton of sugar, or low sugar with xylitol to make up for the lack of sugar. Xylitol is highly toxic to dogs. Sugar is also bad for dogs, making no candy cane safe for dog consumption.
CantaloupeYesOrange melonCantaloupe is a great source of vitamin C. It also provides extra hydration.Do not feed your dog the rind of the cantaloupe.
CarrotsYesAll partsCarrots are high in Vitamins C, K, A, E, B, and D. They also contain lutein and lycopene, which are good for eye health.Introduce carrots to your dog’s diet slowly to reduce gas and bloating.
CashewsYesNutCashews are high in Omega-3s, which promote skin and fur health. They are also high in fat and protein.Only feed in moderation to prevent excess fat consumption, which can lead to pancreatitis.
CauliflowerYesAll partsCauliflower is rich in Vitamin C and fiber, which help support the immune and digestive systems.Be careful to introduce cabbage slowly to keep your dog from getting bloated.
CeleryYes, as long as you follow certain guidelinesThe stalk, cut into bite-sized piecesCelery stalks contain 95% water and zero fat or cholesterol. They also contain a wide variety of vitamins like A, C, and K, as well as micronutrients such as calcium, folate, magnesium, potassium, iron and zinc.

Celery is rich in fiber, which can relieve constipation and help your dog lose weight by creating a sense of fullness. And celery can freshen your dog’s breath due to its crunchy texture and high water content.

Celery is high in sodium, so you should only feed your dog bite-sized pieces a few at a time. This presents less of a choking hazard than feeding them a whole stalk of celery, too.

Because celery is quite stringy, it can be difficult for some dogs to digest.
CerealIt dependsAll parts of safe cereals in moderationOatmeal can provide relief from digestive issues such as constipation. Other cereals don’t offer any real nutritional value for your dog.Refer to the article for a brief list of dog-safe cereals. All others should be considered off-limits for your dog, especially sugary cereal. Those containing chocolate, raisins, or artificial sweeteners, including xylitol, are toxic to dogs and could lead to illness or even death.
CheeseYesAll partsCheese is a great training tool, since many dogs like it. In moderation, it is a good source of protein and fat.Too much fat can lead to weight gain or pancreatitis.
CherriesNoThe flesh is safe, but the pits, stems, and leaves are toxic to dogs.Cherries contain Vitamins A and C, antioxidants, fiber, and melatonin. But there are other fruits, including strawberries, that are safe for dogs. That’s why AZA strongly suggests that you not feed cherries to your dog.The stems, leaves, and pits of cherries contain cyanide, an extremely toxic chemical compound. Cyanide poisoning symptoms include difficulty breathing, dilated pupils, shock, red gums and mucus membranes, tremors, seizures and convulsions, and death.

Also, as few as one or two cherry pits can cause intestinal obstruction. Symptoms include refusal to eat, vomiting, and constipation.

If you suspect that your dog has ingested the stems, leaves, or pits of cherries, take them to your veterinarian immediately.
ChestnutsYes, in moderation, with caveatsHalf of one, one, or two, depending on the dog’s size. Also, the chestnuts must be cooked properly and contain no seasonings at all.Contains antioxidants, Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, fiber, potassium, and Vitamin C.They can pose a choking hazard, but worse, raw chestnuts contain tannins, which are toxic to dogs. If they are seasoned, they could contain other ingredients toxic to dogs, like garlic or onion. If the salt content is high enough, that can also be toxic to dogs. Further, too many chestnuts can risk pancreatitis.
Chicken BonesYes, if you follow guidelines carefullyRaw chicken bonesRaw chicken bones are easiest for dogs to chew. They are a good source of phosphorous and calcium, help to clean and strengthen dogs’ teeth, and can safely dissolve in a dog’s stomach.Never feed your dog cooked chicken bones. They are likely to splinter when chewed, posing a greater choking risk.
ChickpeasYesAll partsHigh in fiber and protein. Chickpeas are an inexpensive addition to your dog’s diet.Cook and mash them to aid in digestion
ChocolateNoNoneNoneChocolate contains two chemicals that are diuretics (make the body lose water): theobromine and caffeine. These chemicals are also heart stimulants, blood vessel dilators, and smooth muscle relaxants. Dogs’ bodies don’t break these chemicals down well, so they stay in the bloodstream for days. This places tremendous stress on their organs. The list of symptoms is extensive and includes death.

The amount of chocolate a dog needs to ingest to get sick varies by size, age, pre-existing health conditions, and other considerations.

This article includes detailed information, including a link to online toxicity calculators, a list of symptoms, and when to contact your veterinarian.
CinnamonYes, if you follow certain guidelinesCinnamon powderCinnamon’s benefits include antioxidants (support brain function and improve memory), anti-fungal properties (inhibits the growth of bacteria including listeria, salmonella, and candida albicans), anti-inflammatory properties (can reduce inflammation and swelling from sore muscles, arthritis, and joint pain), improving hearth health by significantly lowering dogs’ heart rate and blood pressure, and regulating blood sugar by slowing the rate of sugar absorption in the bloodstream after meals.

Please read the article for dosage recommendations.
Cinnamon can cause digestive issues and mouth irritation. Inhaling the powder can cause choking and coughing as well as throat irritation and difficulty breathing.

Additional symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, low blood sugar, changes in heart rate. If your dog experiences any of these symptoms from consuming cinnamon, consult your veterinarian immediately.

Baked goods containing cinnamon generally contain ingredients that are unhealthy for dogs, such as sugar, fats, and oils. Avoid feeding these foods to your dog.
CoconutYes, if fed properlyRaw coconut, including fresh coconut without the shell and shredded coconut.Coconuts contain lauric acid, which supports skin and coat health, including relieving itchiness and soothing dry skin.

Coconut oil’s medium-chain fatty acids can help boost your dog’s metabolism and improve their cognitive function. It even boosts immune health.

Coconuts have a high fat content that can lead to “bloat” in dogs.

In addition, coconuts have triglycerides, that can contribute to heart disease or pancreatitis.

Coconut flakes pose a choking hazard.
Coconut WaterYes, in moderationCoconut waterThe antioxidants in coconut water can eliminate free radicals, thus supporting your dog’s immune system. Unfortunately, you shouldn’t give your dog enough coconut water for them to reap this benefit.

Coconut water also contains potassium, vitamin C, manganese, magnesium, iron, zinc, and calcium.
Coconut water contains lots of carbs, so you should only give them a few sips as a treat.
Cooked HamYesAll parts other than the boneUse it as a treat, since it is high in fats and sodium.Make sure not to cook it with garlic, cloves, onions, or spices that are toxic for dogs.
Cooked ShrimpYes, but only in moderation, with the tail, shell, and vein removed, and with no seasoning.A piece here and there, if prepared properly, and not regularly.Low in fat and carbohydrates, so a fine occasional treat, but not a particularly beneficial one. It does contain vitamins and other nutrients, though.High in cholesterol and sodium. If any other ingredients were added to the shrimp, those ingredients could be toxic (like garlic or onion). Too much shrimp, even if properly prepared could cause health problems or an upset stomach.
CornYesKernelsCorn is high in carbs and fiber, rich in vitamins and minerals, contains protein, linoleic acid and amino acids.Be sure to feed your dog only cooked corn kernels without added salt, butter or spices. Corn cobs can cause choking or even death.
Corn on the CobYes, but only the corn. Never the cob/husk.In moderation, without seasoning or butter, to the extent that it doesn’t exceed 10% of your dog’s diet.Contains protein, carbohydrates, linoleic acid, and antioxidants.The cob of corn can pose a significant risk to dogs, causing intestinal blockage that requires surgery. Shave corn off of the cob before feeding it to dogs.
CrackersIt dependsThe entire crackerCrackers have no nutritional benefits for dogs.Crackers can lead to salt ion poisoning, dehydration, pancreatitis, and weight gain
CucumberYesAll partsCucumbers have a lot of vitamins, fiber, and water. All of these are great for your dog. They also contain phytonutrients that can freshen breath.Wash cucumbers to remove any wax coating.
DatesYesSoft, fleshy fruitFiber helps with digestion, while Vitamins B6, A, and promote overall health. Dates are also high in niacin and folate.Remove pits or buy pitted dates to prevent choking.
EggsYesAll partsSource of protein, fatty acids, and vitamins.Start by feeding a small amount and watch for signs of allergies, including vomiting, swelling, and coughing/sneezing.
EggshellsYesGround eggshellsEggshells are high in calcium, which is essential to the health of your dog’s bone and teeth. They also contain collagen, which helps dogs with arthritis by lubricating and shielding their joints.

Other nutrients in eggshells include glucosamine, which improves general joint health and helps slow the progression of your pup’s osteoarthritis; and hyaluronic acid, which increases joint fluid viscosity and improves the shock-absorbing capacity of your dog’s cartilage.
Since your dog’s primary diet (dog food) should be naturally high in calcium, adding eggshells can throw their calcium balance out of whack. Excess calcium can cause hypercalcemia, which can affect vitamin D levels and cause joint and skeletal issues if not balanced by other minerals such as phosphorus.

Mineralization, a common cause of canine renal failure, can be worsened by a high calcium diet.

Finally, feeding eggshells too frequently can lead to obesity due to their high calorie content.
FigsYesFresh figsFigs contain natural sugars for slow-burning energy (unlike refined sugars). They are high in fiber, which helps to regulate healthy bowel movements and may alleviate constipation. This fiber, combined with the fruit’s water content, can also help to manage your dog’s weight.

Figs also contain a high level of potassium, which can help to regulate healthy blood pressure.
Although rare, it’s possible for dogs to be allergic to figs. So feed your dog very small quantities at first and monitor it for allergic symptoms.

Too many figs can lead to loose stools (diarrhea) due to the fruit’s high fiber content, so moderation is key.

Dried figs are too high in concentrated sugar to be considered a healthy treat. Similarly, Fig Newtons (the cookies) contain far too much sugar and too many calories, so don’t feed them to your dog.

Please note: Figs belong to the ficus family. Every part of the fig tree, except for the fig itself, is highly toxic to dogs. So make sure your pet does not have access to fig trees.
French FriesIt dependsA couple at a timeNoneWith high levels of salt, carbs, and fat, in addition to the oil in which French fries are prepared, leave this side dish an ill choice for dogs. Any kind of French fry could potentially cause an upset stomach, dehydration, weight gain, or pancreatitis.

If seasoned with garlic or onion powder, they’re even worse, as these are toxic to dogs. French fries are only okay for dogs in moderation, and when peeled and baked without seasoning.

NoNoneNoneGarlic is toxic to dogs. It contains allicin, which can make your dog uncomfortable. It also includes thiosulfates, which cause dogs’ hemoglobin to clump, and n-propyl disulfide, which can cause anemia.
Goldfish CrackersIt dependsThe entire crackerGoldfish have no redeeming nutritional value for dogs.You can safely feed most dogs one or two Goldfish crackers. But they contain lots of salt, garlic powder, and onion powder, all of which are dangerous for dogs. These ingredients can cause severe anemia and onion poisoning. Plus, empty carbs like those in Goldfish crackers can lead to obesity and diabetes.
Graham CrackersYes, in moderationAllGraham crackers have no nutritional benefits for dogs. They do contain 60g of potassium, but there are healthier ways to give it and other electrolytes to your dog.Graham crackers are high in sugar and sodium that can lead to weight gain. Sugar can contribute to cavities and tooth decay, as well as to heart disease.
Grapes and RaisinsNoNoneNoneGrapes are extremely toxic to dogs and can cause sudden kidney failure, even if eaten in small quantities.
Green BeansYesEntire green beanGreen beans are low in calories and high in fiber and essential nutrients, including antioxidants (vitamins A, C and beta carotene) and flavonols (kaemferol and quercetin) that fight free radical damage. Vitamin K helps your blood clot and enhances bone metabolism.

Trace minerals calcium, iron, magnesium, and potassium promote the growth and development of red blood cells as well as formation of healthy teeth and bones.

B6 regulates your dogs’s metabolism and nervous system.

Green beans have a high water content so they provide additional hydration.

The fiber in green beans helps to keep your dog’s digestive system run smoothly and bulks up stools. It also aids in weight loss by making your dog feel fuller longer.
You can serve green beans raw, boiled, grilled, or lightly steamed.

Green beans and similar foods should make up no more than 10% of your dog’s daily calories in order to avoid consuming too much fiber.

If your dog gulps its food down without chewing, cut the green beans into smaller pieces before serving.
Ground BeefYes, provided it’s cooked thoroughly and not seasoned at all. Lean ground beef is recommended.Ground beef when given properly offers great nutrition for dogs, providing protein and essential amino acids. It’s not a complete or balanced food, though, so dogs can’t eat only ground beef.The fat content in ground beef could cause obesity issues in dogs. Further, since ground beef isn’t nutritionally complete, your dog will need food beyond the beef, exacerbating the danger of obesity.

If the beef isn’t fully cooked, it could cause food-borne illnesses in your dog, you, or your family. If the beef is seasoned, one of the seasonings may be toxic to dogs, including garlic, onion, and salt.
HoneyYes, if you follow certain guidelinesRaw, unpasteurized honey provides the most health benefits. It contains vitamins C, A., and E, flavonoids, and phenolic acid. These work together to provide antioxidant properties and fight free-radicals that cause cell damage.

Honey also contains vitamins D and E, B-complex vitamins, and fat-soluble minerals. It has anti-fungal, antimicrobial, and antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. And it can help provide seasonal allergy relief thanks to small amounts of flower pollen that help to stimulate your pup’s immune system and create antibodies against pollen in the air.
Because honey is high on the glycemic index, you shouldn’t feed honey to dogs that are diabetic or have any health issue that effect its sugar levels.

Honeydew MelonYesThe fleshy partHoneydew is high in fiber, vitamins, and antioxidants. Vitamins A and C promote healthy skin and immune systems.The high sugar content in honeydew melon may be an issue for diabetic dogs.
Ice CreamNoNoneNoneIce cream is high in sugar, which can cause tooth decay and weight gain. Due to its high sugar and fat content, it can lead to pancreatitis, a potentially life-threatening inflammation of the pancreatic gland.

Sugar-free ice cream is not safe for dogs, either, because it’s often sweetened with xylitol, which is highly toxic to dogs.

Certain flavors, such as raisins, chocolate, and coffee are toxic to dogs as well.
JackfruitYes, but only the flesh inside, and only in moderation. Never the skin, and never the seeds.A couple of small pieces of the flesh at a time.Very little, but jackfruit does contain vitamins, minerals, and fiber.The skin of jackfruit poses a choking hazard, and could create an intestinal blockage. The latex on the skin may trigger eczema. Even worse, the seeds of jackfruit are completely toxic to dogs. If your dog manages to eat any jackfruit seeds, seek vet care immediately. Dried jackfruit is also not recommended for dogs.
KaleYesLeaves onlyKale contains a lot of fiber, which promotes digestion. Iron also helps maintain healthy red blood cells.Goitrogens in kale can have negative impacts on thyroid health. The stems are too tough to digest and contain calcium oxalate, which can lead to kidney stones.
LettuceYes, in moderationLeaves from select varieties only: romaine, iceberg, arugulaLettuce is about 90% water, so it’s very hydrating. It’s low in fat and calories and high in fiber, so it’s a great food choice for diabetic and obese dogs.

Because lettuce contains so much water, it isn’t very nutritious. It does contain some vitamin A (good for vision and cell function), vitamin K (for blood clotting and bone function), chlorophyll (helps red blood cells to retain oxygen; helps to fight infection, cleanse cells, and heal wounds; reduces issues with the blood, liver, and digestive system; fights bad breath), fiber (essential for your dog’s digestive system, gastrointestinal health, and healthy bowel movements).
Too much lettuce can cause gastrointestinal issues due to its high fiber content.

Another risk is food poisoning from bacteria like salmonella. Wash lettuce thoroughly to prevent contamination.

Since large pieces of lettuce pose a choking hazard, always cut lettuce into small, bite-sized pieces.

Certain varieties of lettuce, such as spinach and kale, contain high amounts of oxalic acid, which can cause kidney or bladder stones if fed in large quantities. To be safe, only feed your dog romaine, iceberg, and arugula.
Lima BeansYes, on occasionPlain, cooked lima beans without any extra ingredients or additivesLima beans are packed with protein, high in fiber, and filled with vitamins and minerals. Their soluble fiber is heart healthy, reduces cholesterol levels, and reduces inflammation. They’re also rich in antioxidants that fight free radicals, protecting against oxidative stress.

Because they’re high in protein and fiber, they can promote a sense of fullness and reduce cravings, which may help your dog lose weight.
Avoid canned lima beans because the the added ingredients like salt, toxic seasonings, and preservatives.
Raw lima beans can lead to kidney problems, so boil them in water until they’re soft. Finally, healthy, dog-safe human foods should comprise 10% or less of your dog’s daily caloric intake.
LobsterYesMeat onlyGreat source of protein, Omega-3 fatty acids, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc. Cooked lobster is very healthy for dogs.Watch for allergic reactions and do not feed your dog raw lobster. Keep portions small to limit sodium and mercury exposure.
Macadamia NutsNo.None.None.Macadamia nuts are toxic to dogs. As such, no dog should ever be fed any portion of macadamia nuts, nor should they be fed any food that contains macadamia nuts. If your dog ever does, seek veterinary care immediately.
Macaroni and CheeseYes, but it shouldn’tNoneMacaroni and cheese provides no nutritional benefits to dogsMacaroni and cheese contains dairy and gluten, which can cause digestive issues. It may include seasonings containing onion and garlic that are toxic to dogs. May lead to obesity and could cause diabetic dogs’ blood sugar to spike.
MangoYes, in moderationThe pulpy fruit onlyMangoes are rich in vitamin C (promotes good eyesight and maintains healthy skin and a shiny coat); antioxidants (boosts your pup’s immune system); dietary fiber (helps to keep your dog’s digestive system functioning properly and promotes healthy bowel movements); protein (repairs muscles and other body tissues); potassium (helps muscles and nerves to function properly).

Mangoes also contain vitamins B6, C, and K, a wide variety of antioxidants, and amylase, an enzyme that helps break down complex starches.
The pit poses a potentially life-threatening choking hazard and should be removed from the fruit before serving.

Mango skin contains urushiol2, which is also found in poison ivy and poison oak. That’s why mango skin could cause a rash if it came in contact with your dog’s skin. Mango skin is also extremely difficult to chew and digest, so it could cause vomiting, an upset stomach, or intestinal blockage. If you suspect that your dog has consumed mango peel, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Do not feed mangoes to dogs that have diabetes or pancreatitis, since they have specific dietary requirements.
MayonnaiseIt dependsMayonnaise is not toxic, but that does not mean that it should be offered as a treat.Mayonnaise has no known health benefits for dogs.Mayonnaise is safe for dogs only in small quantities. Healthy treats should be provided instead.
MintIt dependsLeaves of dog-safe varietiesMint leaves contain antioxidants, vitamins, and anti-inflammatory properties, but dogs can’t safely consume enough mint to reap those benefits. In this case, the risks far outweigh the rewards.Dogs shouldn’t eat more than one or two leaves per week. Larger or more frequent servings could lead to diarrhea and vomiting. Pennyroyal mint leaves and oil are highly toxic to dogs. They can lead to severe vomiting, diarrhea, and even liver failure. Mint essential oil, which is extremely concentrated, can cause respiratory irritation and distress if inhaled. It can also cause severe skin irritation if it’s applied topically. So consuming it could be extremely dangerous.
MushroomsYesThe stem and cap of any store-bought mushroom that’s safe for human consumptionMushrooms are a rich source of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and co-enzymes. They also provide protein and fiber.Mushrooms that are not farmed for human consumption (wild mushrooms) can be toxic and even lethal to dogs.

Do not feed mushrooms that have been seasoned with salt, spices, butter, etc.
MustardNo, with one exceptionPlain, steamed mustard greens are safe for dogsMustard seeds and prepared mustard have no nutritional benefits to dogs.Prepared mustard includes spices like garlic, turmeric and paprika. Paprika and garlic powder can cause stomach ache, vomiting, diarrhea, refusal to eat or drink, and other symptoms.

These products also contain lots of sugar and salt, which aren’t healthy for your pup. Excess salt can lead to sodium ion poisoning, which can cause seizures, coma, or even death.

Moreover, mustard seeds contain isothiocyanate and glucosinolates, chemical compounds that are toxic to dogs. Due to these toxic compounds, mustard seeds can cause upset stomach upset, vomiting, and diarrhea.
NectarinesYesFresh only without pitsNectarines have high amounts of Vitamin A, which is good for skin and muscles, as well as Vitamin C, which supports the immune system.The pits are a choking hazard and contain cyanide levels which can be toxic to dogs.
OnionsNoNoneNoneOrganosulfur compounds in onions and all related foods (garlic, shallots, and leeks) are highly toxic to dogs. Be wary of onions hidden in other dishes, including as onion powder.
OrangesYesThe peeled fruitOranges are packed with vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. They also contain thiamine, folate, and antioxidants.Oranges are high in sugar, so feed in moderation if your dog is overweight or diabetic. Don’t feed an entire orange to a small dog since that would provide too much fiber, sugar, and citric acid. Plus, it could lead to gastrointestinal upset. Also the seeds could pose a choking hazard, so remove them before feeding orange sections to your dog.
Orange JuiceYes, in moderationThe juiceOrange juice isn’t toxic to dogs, but the risks far outweigh the benefits.Large amounts may cause an upset stomach due to its high sugar content. Commercial orange juice also contains added citric acid that acts as a preservative. Citric acid can damage your dog’s tooth enamel. If your dog drinks a small amount of spilled orange juice, it probably won’t suffer any ill effects. If it managed to drink a larger quantity, it could lead to a number of gastrointestinal issues.
Parmesan CheeseSafe, but only in small quantitiesOnly a small amount, and not any amount is worth it.Cheese in general provides calcium, protein, and numerous other vitamins and minerals; however, the risk with it, and Parmesan in particular, is not worth it.Parmesan cheese is so high in fat and salt that it doesn’t take much before salt toxicity is a worry. The high fat can lead to complications like obesity, which in turn can lead to worse issues, like pancreatitis.
PancakesUsually safe in small quantitiesPlain pancake or with dog-safe toppingsNoneDon’t offer your dog pancakes if your dog is sensitive or allergic to dairy, eggs, or wheat. Don’t exceed a bite or two weekly. Many pancake toppings, such as butter, maple syrup, and whipped cream, are not safe for dogs.
PapayaYesThe soft, fleshy fruitPapayas are a rich source of fiber, which is necessary for healthy digestion. They contain water, which is hydrating. Also, papaya is a natural source of healthy digestive enzymes.
Some of the other nutrients in papaya include vitamins A and C, magnesium, potassium, papain (an enzyme), and lycopene.
Do not give your dog papaya skin because it’s difficult for dogs to chew and digest. Moreover, it’s a choking hazard and can cause gastrointestinal blockages. The seeds are toxic because they contain cyanide.

Dogs can be sensitive or allergic to almost any food. So monitor your dog closely when you start feeding it papaya.
PeachesYesThe fruit itself is safe for dogs.Peaches contain a high amount of water, so they will help keep your dog hydrated. They also contain antioxidants, phosphorus and calcium, vitamins A, C, and E, potassium, magnesium, and dietary fiber.The pit, stem, and leaves contain cyanide, so they are extremely harmful or toxic to canines. The pit can be a choking hazard, especially in small breeds. It can also obstruct your dog’s intestinal tract, which can be fatal. Though rare, it is possible for dogs to be allergic to peaches, so observe your dog if you introduce this food into its diet. Canned peaches often contain sugar and preservatives that are not healthy for dogs.
PeanutYesThe nut itselfPeanuts are an excellent source of protein, vitamin E, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin B6, and healthy fats. They can help improve heart health, your dog’s skin, its metabolism, cognitive function, red blood cell production, and muscle structure.Weight can from overconsumption, pancreatitis from the resulting obesity, sodium poisoning (from eating salted peanuts), and reactions to harmful additives. Some dogs are allergic to peanuts and could suffer potentially fatal reactions even from having contact with peanuts. Finally, peanuts contaminated with aflatoxin, a type of fungus, can cause liver cancer.
Peanut ButterYesAll partsPeanut butter has plenty of protein, Vitamin B6, niacin, and healthy fat. It also works with your dog’s natural licking instinct and is a great training tool.Use peanut butter as a treat rather than a common food
PearsYesAll partsRich in Vitamin C and potassium, small amounts of pear as a treat are safe for your dog.Too many pears can lead to upset stomach.
PeasYesPeas and pods, if prepared properlyPeas are low in calories, so they won’t contribute to weight gain or diabetes.

They’re packed with vitamins, including A, B, C, and K, and minerals such as potassium, magnesium, zinc, thiamin, folate, and manganese.

Peas are a great source of fiber, to help keep your dog’s digestive system running smoothly.

And because they contain water, they will provide your pup with extra hydration.
If your dog has any type of kidney issues, do not feed them peas. This is because peas contain purines, chemical compounds that produce uric acid. Dogs with kidney issues can develop kidney stones and other issues if they consume too much uric acid.

Peas can also pose a choking hazard, especially if you feed them to your dog in the pod. Be sure to cook the pods lightly (without seasonings) before serving and cut them into small pieces so your dog won’t choke.
PepperoniNoNoneNonePepperoni is a highly processed food that includes harmful amounts of fats, sodium, and seasoning
PersimmonsYes, in moderationThe fruit and skin without the pits. The leaves are a good source of fiber when fed in moderation.This fruit contains fiber and vitamins A and C. They are also a good source of manganese, which helps blood clot, and other antioxidants that can reduce the chance of stroke and cancer.Too many persimmons can increase your dog’s blood sugar level and contribute to obesity, heart problems, and diabetes. Too many persimmons can lead to stomach problems and diarrhea. Also, it is possible for dogs to be allergic to persimmons. If you notice persistent signs of an allergic reaction, including stomach upset, skin irritation, vomiting, or diarrhea, contact your vet.
PicklesIt dependsThe entire pickle is safe if it is made without spices. If you feed your dog pickles, only give them a small bite as an occasional treat.Pickles are low in calories and high in certain vitamins and minerals.Pickles generally have a high sodium content that is dangerous to dogs. The spices in pickles are also unsafe for dogs.
PineappleYesYellow fruitPineapples contain plenty of Vitamin C for immune support, bromelain that acts as a natural anti-inflammatory agent, and other nutrients that are good for your dog.Feed in small amounts, especially if your dog is diabetic, due to high sugar content
PistachiosYesNutPistachios are an okay snack in limited amounts.Too many pistachios can lead to pistachio poisoning if contaminated with aflotoxins or pancreatitis. They may also pose a choking hazard.
PomegranateYes, if you follow certain guidelinesThe edible seedsPomegranates are low in calories and rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, fiber, folic acid, and potassium. They also contain Ellagitannin compounds, including Punicalagin and Granatin B, that decrease the risk of your pup developing heart disease. They’re high in antioxidants that can help prevent certain types of cancer.Eating too many pomegranate seeds can cause gastrointestinal issues, including constipation, pain, and upset stomach. That’s why it’s best to feed the fresh, edible seeds to your dog sparingly as an occasional treat.
PopcornYesPopped kernelsPopcorn without any added butter or salt contains fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and trace minerals that are good for your dog.Added ingredients, including butter, salt, cheesy toppings, and kettle corn, should be avoided. Watch for unpopped popcorn and hulls are both dangerous.
Poppy SeedsNoNonePoppy seeds have no nutritional benefits for dogs.Dogs are extremely vulnerable to poppy seed poisoning. Symptoms include trembling and pinpoint pupils. If you suspect that your dog has ingested poppy seeds, call your vet or the Pet Poison Helpline immediately.
PorkIt dependsSmall amounts at a time, and it must be unseasoned and cooked plain, without bones.A good source of protein, amino acids, and other things important to nutritional health.Pork doesn’t offer a complete nutritional balance to dogs, so it can’t replace their commercial diet. Further, too much can have other complications, such as obesity.

If the pork has any seasoning at all, it can be toxic to dogs, as many seasonings are. This is why the pork should be cooked plain. If bones are present, those present choking and digestion hazards.
PotatoesIt dependsBased on your veterinarian’s advice, you can feed your dog cooked (not fried!) potatoes without salt or other seasonings.Potatoes are high in fiber and contain vitamins and minerals. They are high in carbohydrates, so they are a good source of energy.Potatoes contain solanine and oxalic acid, which are toxic to some dogs. Cooking reduces these substances but does not eliminate them.

Never feed your dog potatoes with green skin because they have toxic solanine levels.
PretzelsIt dependsThe entire pretzel is edible, but you should only feed your dog the occasional bite of pretzels that do not contain harmful ingredients.Pretzels have no nutritional value to dogs.Pretzels generally contain high amounts of sodium that can lead to serious health issues or even “salt poisoning” in dogs. Some of the seasoning, such as onion or garlic powder, and sweeteners can be harmful to dogs. Plus, pretzels contain a high level of carbohydrates.
PumpkinYes, when fed properlyThe “fruit” is safe, while the “pulp” (mushy part at the center), rinds, and stems are not. Pumpkin seeds are also beneficial to dogs as long as they aren’t salted or seasoned. Canned or cooked pumpkin are safe for dogs as long as they don’t contain sugar, spices, or other seasonings. Some dogs can eat, tolerate, and enjoy small amounts of raw pumpkin.Pumpkin can soothe and regulate your dog’s digestive system. It’s particularly useful if your dog has diarrhea. This gourd is rich in vitamin A, C, E, and antioxidants. It can also aid in weight control due to its low-calorie/high-fiber profileSalt, seasonings, and sweeteners in pie fillings and other pumpkin dishes prepared for human tastes can be dangerous, even toxic, for dogs.
Pumpkin PieNoNonePumpkin is good for dogs, but not when baked into a pie with fats and oils, sweeteners and spices.The fats and oils in the filling and crust could cause gastrointestinal issues, pancreatitis, obesity, and heart problems.

Nutmeg, which is traditionally used in pumpkin pie, contains a chemical compound called myristicin that is extremely toxic to dogs. It can cause disorientation, hallucinations, high blood pressure and seizures.

The processed sugar used in pumpkin pie, can lead to weight gain and diabetes.

High doses of cinnamon powder can trigger respiratory problems in dogs.

Cloves are used in relatively small amounts in pumpkin pie. But higher dosages can cause a variety of issues due to compounds known as eugenols that are toxic to pets.

Plain, canned pumpkin is safe for dogs. But canned pumpkin pie filling is not, due to the ingredients and issues listed above. Be sure not to mix these two cans up if you decide to feed pumpkin to your dog.
QuinoaYesCookedQuinoa is a good gluten-free option that provides fiber, fatty acids, antioxidants, B vitamins, iron, and magnesium.Saponin in quinoa can irritate your dog’s digestive system if eaten in large quantities. Washing the quinoa before cooking can reduce this.
RadishesYesAll partsRadishes provide Vitamins, fiber, potassium, and other nutrients.Eating too many radishes at once may lead to gas and bloating.
RaspberriesYesAll parts of the berryRaspberries have plenty of antioxidants and can help with inflammation in puppies and older dogs.Avoid feeding your dog large quantities of raspberries to keep them from ingesting too much xylitol, which is present in small amounts and can be harmful to dogs.
Raw MeatSomeAll partsRaw meat can be easier to digest and lead to better overall health, including better skin, a shinier coat, and improved dental health.Raw meat contaminated with bacteria such as salmonella or listeria can cause severe digestive issues.
Rib BonesNoNoneNoneCooked bones are brittle and can splinter, causing damage to your dog’s teeth, mouth, or internal organs.
RiceYesCooked riceRice is a good source of carbohydrates, which are essential in your dog’s diet. It also contains fiber, antioxidants, and probiotics.Feed rice as an occasional treat for variety to prevent excess weight gain. Dog foods with rice are already formulated to be part of a safe diet.
Sesame SeedsIt dependsSeeds or tahini in very small amountsSesame seeds contain vitamin E, calcium, manganese, iron, and fiber. But it’s not safe for dogs to ingest enough sesame seeds to reap these nutritional benefits.Due to their high fiber and fat content, large amounts of sesame seeds may cause gastrointestinal (GI) issues such as diarrhea or vomiting. Eating sesame seeds in excess can also lead to pancreatitis.

Cooking oil of any kind, including sesame seed oil, contains too much fat for dogs to consume safely.
ShrimpYesShrimp without tail or shellShrimp is rich in Vitamins B12 and B3, antioxidants, phosphorus, and omega-3 fatty acids.Raw or undercooked shrimp can contain salmonella, listeria, vibrio, or tapeworms. These can lead to digestive upset or a serious infection, vibriosis.
SodaNoNone, but if a dog accidentally manages to get a small amount, it likely won’t hurt it.NoneThe caffeine, sugar, artificial sweeteners, carbonation, and potentially toxic ingredients are all harmful to dogs in one way or another.
Spicy FoodNoNoneNoneSpicy food can cause diarrhea, flatulence, upset stomach, and intense thirst.

Food made with chili peppers contains capsaicin, which can irritate your dog’s eyes and skin and cause retching, vomiting, excessive thirst, and excessive drooling.

Spicy food can also cause canine pancreatitis, which is painful and potentially fatal.
SpinachIt dependsSpinach is a great source of vitamins A (for sharp vision), B (for heart health, shiny coat, metabolism, digestive and immune systems), C (eradicates free radicals), and K (for blood clotting, healing, healthy bones and teeth), iron (for blood formation), beta-carotene (for night vision and a coat health).

Spinach is fiber-rich and high in nutrients, so it makes your dog feel full longer.
Raw spinach is difficult for dogs to digest. It can cause bloating, intestinal blockage, and discomfort.

Three tablespoons of cooked spinach will provide your dog’s daily recommended dose of fiber and vitamins. Do not exceed this dosage.

Don’t feed spinach daily, since this could cause kidney problems. That’s because spinach contains high amounts of oxalic acid, which builds up if given daily, placing a strain on your pup’s kidneys.
SteakYesLean, cooked flesh without salt, seasonings, or sauceLean steak is loaded with protein.If a dog eats too much steak on a regular basis, they may become obese. If they frequently eat steak with high fat content, they may gain weight and could potentially develop heart issues.

It’s important to reduce the amount of kibble you feed your dog if you add steak to their diet.

Dogs should not be fed an all-meat diet, since meat doesn’t contain all of the nutrients a dog needs. Meat-based diets must be supplemented with other fresh foods or kibble and should be discussed with a veterinarian.
SticksNoNone, though small pieces likely won’t harm your dog, if they get any by accident.NoneIf a dog eats a stick that is too large for it to digest, it could cause an impaction. An impaction should be treated by a vet immediately, if suspected.
StrawberriesYesAll parts of the berryLoaded with antioxidants, Vitamin C, manganese, magnesium, potassium, and folate, strawberries make a tasty treat for dogs.Feed in moderation due to high sugar content.
Sunflower SeedsYes, if you follow certain guidelinesThe kernel without the huskSunflower seeds contain vitamin E, which is vital for maintaining healthy skin and shiny coats. B-complex vitamins support your dog’s nervous system and metabolism, and are particularly important for puppies’ growth and development and future heart health. They’re a good source of protein, with 1 ounce of dry roasted sunflower seeds providing about 2 grams of protein. They also contain healthy fat, linoleic acid, dietary fiber, iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium, and calcium. There is no definitive research as to whether dogs can absorb and utilize these nutrients like humans do.The husk is indigestible and, in large quantities, can cause intestinal blockages. They’re also hard on dogs’ teeth and gums. Sunflower seeds are high in fat, so you shouldn’t feed your dog more than a tablespoon a day. They contain calcium, sodium, and phosphorous, which can damage a dog’s kidneys in excess. Dogs don’t need a lot of sodium, so don’t feed them the salted variety.
SushiIt dependsCertain types of fish contain protein, vitamin E, and omega-3 fatty acids and anti-inflammatory properties that can help strengthen your dog’s immune system. You should only feed your dog cooked fish, never raw.You shouldn’t give your dog sushi containing raw fish because it may contain deadly parasites, including flukes, roundworms, and tapeworms. In addition, salmonella and listeria are linked to eating raw fish.
Sweet PotatoesYesThe fleshSweet potatoes are a high-fiber, low-fat tuber. This type of fiber can help to keep your pup’s digestive system and bowels in prime working order. These low-fat tubers are filled with complex carbohydrates for long-lasting energy. Some of the other nutrients in sweet potatoes include vitamins A, B6, C, folate, potassium, calcium, iron, and antioxidants.
Raw sweet potatoes contain a substance that converts into hydrogen cyanide when ingested. This can be fatal if consumed in large quantities. They also contain a high amount of starch, which makes them unsuitable for pregnant or nursing dogs. Avoid feeding them to overweight or diabetic dogs due to their high carbohydrate levels. Canned sweet potatoes contain sweeteners and preservatives that make them a poor choice for dogs.
TeaNoNoneNoneWith so many different types of tea, and so many different ways tea can be prepared, there are too many things that could be in the beverage that are toxic to dogs. This includes caffeine, which is in most teas to some degree.

Seek vet care immediately if your dog happens to ingest a tea bag, as this could cause an impaction, a potentially fatal issue.
TomatoesYesRed fleshFed in moderation, the red fleshy part of tomatoes is a good source of Vitamins and antioxidants.Green tomatoes contain harmful amounts of solanine and tomatine, which can cause tomatine poisoning.
TortillasYes, in moderationTortillasCorn tortillas contain fiber for healthy digestion and magnesium, which is essential for strong bones and teeth.

Flour tortillas are a good source of protein. They also contain vitamins and trace minerals such as iron and magnesium.

Whole wheat tortillas contain calcium and potassium, which help maintain strong muscles and bones. They are low in fat and calories.
Too much corn tortillas can cause weight gain from excess carbs.

Flour tortillas and whole wheat tortillas can cause weight gain due to excessive carbs. They can also cause discomfort in dogs that are gluten intolerant or gluten sensitive.
TurkeyYesMeatTurkey is a great source of protein and used in many dog foods.Do not feed your dog turkey bones, since they can cause severe damage if they splinter. You should also avoid feeding your dog turkey that has been cooked with onions, garlic, or seasoning since they can be toxic for dogs.
Turkey BaconYes, in moderationAll parts, cookedTurkey bacon isn’t the optimal treat for dogs, but you can feed half a slice or less every two to three weeks (at most).Turkey bacon is high in sodium and fat. A large portion could lead to pancreatitis, inflammation of the pancreas that can develop when dogs eat high-fat food. Pancreatitis can be extremely painful and even fatal.
WalnutsNoNoneNoneAll walnuts are toxic to dogs. The only question is to what degree.

English walnuts are toxic when eaten in large amounts.

Other walnuts are toxic when consumed even in small amounts.

In addition, walnut shells and casings can puncture your dog’s gastrointestinal tract. And blockages can occur if your dog swallows a small walnut.
WatermelonYesThe fruit itself after you have removed all seeds and the rindWatermelon is 92% water, so it will help keep your pup hydrated. The fruit also includes vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant, potassium, vitamin B6, lycopene, and fiberThe seeds and rind are difficult to chew and digest. Ingesting lots of watermelon seeds can cause intestinal blockage, especially in smaller dogs.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © stockcreations/Shutterstock.com

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Katie is a freelance writer and teaching artist specializing in home, lifestyle, and family topics. Her work has appeared in At Ease Magazine, PEOPLE, and The Spruce, among others. When she is not writing, Katie teaches creative writing with the Apex Arts Magnet Program in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. You can follow Katie @katiemelynnwriter.

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