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Black-backed Jackal (Canis mesomelas), Namibia.
Black-backed Jackal (Canis mesomelas)
A black-backed jackal scavenging amongst Cape fur seals at Cape Cross on the Skeleton Coast, Namibia
black backed jackal in South Africa
Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)
The jackal is a medium sized member of the dog family, originally found in Africa, Asia and southeast Europe. There are four main species of jackal with these jackal species being the golden jackal, the side-striped jackal, the black-backed jackal and the Ethiopian wolf jackal. The golden jackal is the most northernly species of jackal and can be found as far east as Burma in Southeast Asia.

Jackals are generally found in packs of roughly between 10 and 30 jackal individuals. Jackals use their large group numbers to their advantage and work together in a similar way to a wolf pack to both occasionally hunt for food but more so that the jackals can protect one another.

Jackals are small canines that have adapted to hunting small mammals, birds and reptiles. Some species of jackal have even been known to eat poisonous snakes. Jackals are carnivorous mammals and jackals will often scavenge the remains of kills made by other larger predators.

The jackal is a nocturnal mammal that can easily maintain speeds of 16km an hour for long periods of time. Although the jackal belongs to a jackal pack, jackals often prefer to hunt alone or with only one other jackal. This means that the jackals tend to have a higher chance of ambushing their prey as if the jackals regularly hunted in large groups, the jackals would have less success in being stealthy and silent.

Although the majority of the diet of the jackal is made up of meat, many jackal individuals (particularly those jackals living in the tropics of Southeast Asia) will often eat plant matter if no meat can be found.

Jackals are very territorial animals and jackals have no hesitation in defending their marked territory. Jackals have a wide range of vocal sounds that are specific to each jackal family meaning that is rare for families of competing jackals to come into accidental contact with one another.

Jackals inhabit crevices in rocks and dens made by other animals in order to keep the jackals cool while they sleep. Although many jackal individuals live a nocturnal existence, particularly those jackals that inhabit areas close to humans, some jackals in more remote areas are slightly more diurnal and will be out hunting during the cooler times of the day.

Jackal Comments (16)


"good! jackals are cool "


"I wish you would tell me how many babies they have "


"Jackals are amazing animals"

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Jackal Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Canis Aureus
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
90-105cm (35-42in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
6.8-11kg (15-24lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
32 km/h (20 mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
8-15 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Tan, Brown, Grey, White
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Antelope
The specific area where the animal lives...
Grass plains and dry woodland
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Antelope, Reptiles, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Hyena, Leopard, Eagles
Special Features:Short body and large ears and eyes

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