Below you can find a complete list of Zimbabwean animals. We currently track 166 animals in Zimbabwe and are adding more every day!
The list of animals in Zimbabwe is extensive, including carnivorous creatures like the African Wild Dog, lion, and Wildebeest, and herbivores like the elephant and giraffe. Zimbabwe is host to over 350 species of mammals, over 500 bird species, and 131 species of fish.
The Official National Animal of Zimbabwe
The Sable Antelope is the national animal of Zimbabwe. Antelopes are among some of the most populous species in Zimbabwe.
This species enjoys great popularity with photographers, but the horns that make them stand out have also made them a target for trophy hunters. Some estimates place the number of Sable Antelope in the wild as low as 1,000, with becoming extinct a distinct possibility with conservation efforts.
Zimbabwe is one of 40 countries to have one national animal, with other countries including Angola, Botswana, and Morocco.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Zimbabwe
There is a diverse range of wildlife found throughout Zimbabwe. Here are some of the places where you can see the most famous wild animals in Zimbabwe:
- Elephant – The elephant is easy to find in the savanna areas, most commonly near rivers.
- Antelope – Antelopes live in the open savanna areas of Zimbabwe.
- Cheetah – The cheetah is most common in open grassland areas, with prey availability playing one of the biggest roles in their overall distribution.
- Giraffe – Giraffes feed in areas with access to trees that have been largely left untouched by species living closer to the ground.
- Impala – The Impala is one of the most popular species found in Zimbabwe’s grassland areas, famous for its high leaps.
- Lion – Lions lived in grassland areas where they can easily follow herds of prey animals.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Zimbabwe Today
While there are many non-threatening species to enjoy in Zimbabwe today, there are also several dangerous species present in this country. Zimbabwe’s most dangerous species include:
- Buffalo – Buffalo in Zimbabwe has no natural predators, largely owing to their size and aggressive temperament. These animals can also reach maximum speeds of 35 miles per hour, allowing them to outrun predators easily.
- Crocodiles – Crocodiles are apex predators very skilled at hunting in their aquatic environment, making them a threat to boaters. These reptiles can also hunt effectively on land, especially after dark.
- Elephants – Because of their large size and dangerous tusks, elephants can easily trample or gore people when feeling threatened. Males, called bulls, may she more aggression during mating season.
- Hippos – The hippopotamus is one of the most hazardous species because of how aggressively males defend their territory. These animals have tusks in their mouths measuring half a meter long that they will use against intruders
- Lions – Lions have lost much of their natural habitat to human intervention, including popular hunting areas. A decrease in natural hunting areas increases the odds of encounters between humans and lions, often with deadly consequences.
Endangered Animals In Zimbabwe
Unfortunately, some of the species in Zimbabwe that are of the most interest to people are endangered. Habitat loss, climate change, and trophy hunting are common threats to animals in Zimbabwe. Some of this nation’s most notable endangered species include:
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
The African bullfrog is one of only three species of frog that have “teeth.”
Can drink up to 50 gallons a day
Also known as the painted dog!
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Can travel more than four miles a day!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
There are over 2,000 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
They typically prey on insects!
Has no real natural predators!
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
There are thought to be up 20,000 species!
Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
The most common raptor in the UK!
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Have changed little in 200 million years!
A dik-dik is named after a sound it makes when it is frightened
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
There are more than 240,000 different species!
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 11,000 known species!
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Able to jump over 10 feet high
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
The marabou stork does not have a voice box.
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.
There are more than 5,000 species.
Females are about four times the size of males
There are 13 different species worldwide
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Can live for up to 100 years!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 50 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
There are around 2,000 known species!
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Rarely found more than 450m from trees!
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The second largest animal on the land!
Can trek more than 1,000 miles every year!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
Zimbabwean Animals List
Animals in Zimbabwe FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Zimbabwe?
Zimbabwe has a broad range of species ranging from carnivores like lions to herbivores like antelopes. In addition to land-dwelling mammals, the country also has a diverse collection of birds, reptiles, and fish.
Are there tigers in Zimbabwe?
Tigers are not native to Zimbabwe or found in the wild. Ligers, a cross between a lion and a tiger, are found in captivity.
What animals do Zimbabweans eat?
Domestic livestock like cattle and goats are popular for everyday meals. Exotic species served in restaurants include gazelle, antelope, crocodile, and warthog.
Does Zimbabwe have lions?
Zimbabwe has a lion population potentially facing going extinct. The national parks are excellent places to see these and other popular mammals.
How many animals are in Zimbabwe?
The number of animals in Zimbabwe numbers in the millions, with some species more at risk of going extinct than others. Wildlife numbers range from over 80,000 for elephants to as few as 500 for lions.
Zimbabwe has a vast range of native animal species. This country allows abundant options to enjoy these wildlife species.