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Antelope

Pronghorn AntelopePronghorn - maleMale Thompsons gazelle. Ngorongoro Crater, TanzaniaAntelope in GhanaAntelope in GhanaPronghorn Antelope, Wind Cave National ParkAntelope in GhanaAntelope in GhanaTopi (Damaliscus lunatus jimela), Massai-Mara, Kenya
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Antelope Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Bovidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Antilopinae
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Alcelaphinae
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Herbivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
1m - 1.5m (3 - 5ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
500kg - 900kg (1,100lbs - 2,000lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
70km/h (43mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
10 - 25 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Red, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Forest and grasslands
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Grass, Shoots, Seeds
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Lion, Cheetah, Crocodile
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Long legs and curved antlers

Antelope Location

Map of Antelope Locations

Antelope

The antelope is a deer-like mammal found in Africa, Asia and parts of the Americas. There are many different species of antelope including the tiny Royal antelope that stands at the height of a rabbit!

Unlike deer that renew their horns annually, the antelope has strong permanent horns, that antelope mainly use to defend their herd or to fight other antelopes.

An antelope tends to get to between 8 and 10 years old in the wild although they have been known to live for longer when kept in captivity. Many antelope individuals however, wouldn't last into old age in the wild as antelope are a key target for many large carnivorous mammals. If the antelope was old then the antelope would naturally be slower at running from danger.

The antelope is one of the many medium-sized mammals holding the African food chain together. The antelope may only graze on grasses but it is a stable food source for many of Africa's large carnivorous predators, such as lions, hyenas and crocodiles.

Antelope display different defensive behaviours based on their size, habitat, number and species. The smaller solitary antelope tend to live in dense forested areas and these species of antelope defend themselves by hiding. The duiker antelopes get their name from this species ability to dive into the vegetation. Gazelle-sized antelope run and leap, and some species of antelope exhibit their unique behaviour of pronking or stotting. Large antelope congregate in larger herds and can depend on running as group defence.

The antelope is found in a wide range of habitats, typically woodland, forest, savannah, grassland plains, and marshes. Several species of antelope have adapted to living in the mountains and rocky outcrops, a few species of antelope have adapted to deserts (both hot and cold), and a couple of species of antelope are even semi-aquatic and these antelope live in swamps.

After mating, female antelopes give birth to a single calf or, more rarely, twins, after a gestation period that can last up to eight months. A mother and her newborn calf are vulnerable to predators, and antelopes have had to evolve different strategies for surviving this period. For most antelope species, the female gives birth in dense cover and leaves the calf while she feeds. The calf comes to its mother when she calls it, and once fed, the calf will hide away again. Once in its hiding place, the calf remains completely still and will run away only if it is on the verge of being discovered.

Antelope Translations

Dansk
Alcelaphinae
Deutsch
Kuhantilopen
English
Alcelaphinae
Español
Alcelaphinae
Français
Alcelaphinae
Nederlands
Koeantilopen
Português
Alcelafíneos

Antelope Comments

Steph
"Wow, I used this information for my animal report, and I got an A+!!!"
Aves
"This helped a lot with my poster for school. "
Ty
"I thought an antelope was a cross between a ant and an catelope"
ReaganB
"This is a very informative article! I know more than I ever wanted to about this animal now!"
abigail frost
"how big is an antelope"
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First Published: 5th December 2008, Last Updated: 8th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]

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