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Alaskan Malamute

Female Alaskan Malamute in Germany Feldberg mountainAn Alaskan MalamuteAlaskan Malamute Ch.Windchasers The Seventh SonAn Alaskan Malamute PuppyAn Alaskan Malamute PuppyAn Alaskan MalamuteAn Alaskan Malamute In Water
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Alaskan Malamute Facts

Common Name:
Most widely used name for this species
Alaskan Malamute
The area where the animal first came from
North America
The domestic group such as cat or dog
Average Size (H):
The average length (L) or height (H) of the animal
63cm (25in)
Average Weight:
The average measurement of how heavy the animal is
38kg (85lbs)
Average Lifespan:
The average time the animal lives for
14 years
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
The animal group that the species belongs to
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
White, Black, Grey
The way the animal thinks, behaves or reacts
Affectionate, friendly and loyal
The level of house-training needed for the animal
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Pointed face and upturned tail

Alaskan Malamute Location

Map of Alaskan Malamute Locations
Map of North America

Alaskan Malamute

Alaskan Malamute History and Domestication

The Alaskan Malamute was developed by a tribe of Innuit known as the Mahlemuts, who wanted to create a working Dog that could pull heavy loads, as well as assisting with hunting, but one that could also withstand the harsh winter conditions. They are believed to have originated from primitive domestic Dogs that accompanied prehistoric people on their migrations between Asia and the Americas. Although cared for well and treated fondly, they were used by the Mahlemuts very much as a working breed to pull heavy sledges, hunt Seals, and packs were even sent after Polar Bears that were causing trouble. Travelling into the USA in the early 1900s, Alaskan Malamutes quickly became a popular working breed and were even used in service during both World War One and World War Two.

Female Alaskan Malamute in Germany Feldberg mountain
Female Alaskan Malamute in Germany Feldberg mountain, Carina Wicke - License Information.
Alaskan Malamute Physical Characteristics

The Alaskan Malamute is a large, Wolf-like Dog, but despite its appearance, the Alaskan Malamute is not a hybrid of a Wolf but did in fact originate from other domestic breeds. They have a broad, and heavily boned body that adds to this Dog's sheer strength, which is slightly longer in length than it is high. The Alaskan Malamute has a thick, double-coat of fur, which like other northern domestic breeds, acts as a water-resistant layer, keeping the Alaskan Malamute's skin both warm and dry. Due to a wide dispersion of this breed today, the Alaskan Malamute can be found in colours ranging from black to grey to red, but all have similar distinctive white markings. They have a heavy, pointed head and ears that stand straight up on the top of their head. The tail of the Alaskan Malamute is distinctively curved upwards with slightly feathered fur.

Alaskan Malamute Behaviour and Temperament

The Alaskan Malamute is an intelligent breed of Dog and can become easily bored if it has little mental or physical stimulation. They were originally bred by the Innuit people as strong, yet gentle sled Dogs, that could easily pull heavy loads at a steady speed as well as being able to handle the uncompromising Arctic conditions. The Alaskan Malamute is affectionate, friendly and loyal, and completely devoted to its owner, providing that they assert themselves as the leader of the pack. Alaskan Malamutes are known to get on well with children and other animals, but will generally show dominance over other Dog breeds. They are known to be a bit slow during training, but once they pick it up, they are able to perform tasks capably.

An Alaskan Malamute
An Alaskan Malamute, nonanet - License Information.
Alaskan Malamute Breeding

The Alaskan Malamute is an old breed of working Dog, that arose from the migrations of people between Asia and the Arctic, and then back again. These trips went on for thousands of years, leading to a wide variety in the breed between different areas (for example, those Dogs found in Greenland are said to have shorter fur than those found near the Canadian lakes). Other variations were also created with the introduction of other large working Dogs into the Arctic Circle during the Gold Rush. The Dogs bred with the native Alaskan Malamutes leading to an even wider variety found in the breed today, with the purest Malamutes found around their original region which is almost completely isolated from the rest of the world.

Alaskan Malamute Interesting Facts and Features

The Malamute is generally slower in long-distance sled racing against smaller and faster breeds as their working usefulness is limited to travelling over long distances but at a far slower rate than that required for racing. The Malamute is one of the most unaltered of breeds, retaining its original form and function. Their affectionate nature does not make them useful as watch or guard Dogs. If a Dog owner cannot cope with a Dog that will not comply with the owner's every command, a more compliant breed should be selected. They are however, pure pack animals as this breed has a long genetic foundation of living in the wilderness with man, surrounded by other domesticated animals of approximately the same size.

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Alaskan Malamute Comments

"I have an 18 month old red malamute called Jerry and he is so funny he talks to me with this silly noise when he wants something I would say they are a very stubborn breed but clever he does everything you ask him if he wants to do it very hard work need lots of stimulating and walks and our vet now as the first vegetarian malamute "
"Kelly: I've had two beautiful malamutes over the years and I concur. They are extremely intelligent, but in a cunning type of way. They understand rules and will calculate every rule before they break it. Our girls would 'hunt' food in the kitchen, they knew to wait patiently until I would go to the toilet or answer the phone before making off with whatever was on the kitchen bench. They are smart the way a human is smart...if I threw a ball for a friend, he would not go and fetch it. I recall throwing balls for my girls and they would give me a look of utter contempt which screamed "you go fetch it!".On the flipside, they are so affectionate and cuddly. My girls would sit next to me on the couch or bed and start smacking me with their giant paws until I started patting or tummy rubbing.Oh how I miss my girls."
"Ive got a 12 week old Mal called Ghost and she is a very clever girl!! She is amazing already with my 10yr old son x cant wait to see them grow together x"
charity bryant
"OMG. i love alaskan malamutes so much i want one so flippin bad."
"Best dog ever going to get one. Maybe 3"
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First Published: 10th November 2008, Last Updated: 21st October 2019

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2. Alaskan Malamute Behaviour, Available at: [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
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8. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
9. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
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