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American Eskimo Dog

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American Eskimo Dog Facts

Common Name:
Most widely used name for this species
American Eskimo Dog
The area where the animal first came from
The domestic group such as cat or dog
Average Size (H):
The average length (L) or height (H) of the animal
Average Size
Average Weight:
The average measurement of how heavy the animal is
9kg (20lbs)
Average Lifespan:
The average time the animal lives for
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
The animal group that the species belongs to
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
The way the animal thinks, behaves or reacts
Intelligent, alert and friendly
The level of house-training needed for the animal
Fairly easy
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Bright, white coat and pointed ears

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American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog History and Domestication

The American Eskimo Dog is a small to medium breed of domestic Dog that, despite its name, is actually native to Germany. With European settlers came white versions of the German Spitz but after the First World War, its name had to be changed to avoid negative feelings towards the country at the time. Until recently the German Spitz and the American Eskimo Dog were recognised as being the same breed, but they have now been registered separately as there are actually subtle differences between the two. Three different types of the American Eskimo Dog are bred today which are the toy, miniature and standard versions. Although they differ in size, they are almost identical in both appearance and temperament.

American Eskimo Dog Physical Characteristics

The American Eskimo Dog is a small and compact domestic breed, with a square body and a wedge-shaped head. They have small, pointed ears that are almost always erect, and a generally black nose with brown eyes. One of the most distinctive features of the American Eskimo Dog is its beautiful snow-white coat which is quite long in places. The American Eskimo Dog has a thick double coat of fur which consists of a soft, dense under-coat, with longer, coarse hairs forming the outer layer. The American Eskimo Dog's tail is long and curved upwards, and is covered in long, white feathers. They range in size from 23cm to 43cm tall, depending on the breed type (toy, miniature or standard).

American Eskimo Dog Behaviour and Temperament

The American Eskimo is an affectionate and loving breed, having become increasingly popular in households throughout the United States. They are hardy and adaptable Dogs, known to live easily in a variety of houses and apartments. The American Eskimo Dog is highly alert, making it a keen watchdog as they will bark to alert their owner to any approaching stranger. They are known to be good with young children as they are naturally playful by nature and are always eager to please. The American Eskimo Dog is also very intelligent having been used as a watchdog, guard-dog, in narcotics detection and for performing tricks. The American Eskimo Dog thrives on Human companionship but behavioural issues can arise if it does not have a clearly dominant owner.

American Eskimo Dog Breeding

The American Eskimo Dog has actually existed in America for hundreds of years, but it was known as the White German Spitz until its name was changed after the First World War. They have been bred almost exclusively as companions and sometimes watchdogs, with the three different sizes meaning that any home of any size, can now own one. They do however, need a great deal of attention. along with regular grooming of their silky fur, and like to integrate themselves into the family properly. The American Eskimo Dog has an average of 5 puppies per litter and healthy individuals can get to be more than 15 years old.

American Eskimo Dog Interesting Facts and Features

Despite its name, the American Eskimo Dog is thought to have absolutely no connection to Eskimo and Inuit Dogs whatsoever. In 1913, they were renamed as the American Eskimo to avoid discrimination towards the breed because of their German origins. It is thought that the most likely reason that they were named as American Eskimos is due to their snowy white coat. The American Eskimo Dog became an increasingly popular breed after having made an appearance in a number of acts at the Barnum and Bailey Circus. A number of tricks could be completed such as dancing to music and interacting with clowns, but it was the fact that one American Eskimo Dog was the first Dog to walk across a tight-rope, that really made a name for the breed.

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First Published: 10th November 2008, Last Updated: 21st October 2019

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