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Bison

Bull Bison in NebraskaBison (Bison bison) at a watering holeAmerican BisonCurious Wood Buffalo (Bison bison athabascae), Wood Buffalo National Park, CanadaA young bison at Custer State ParkBison, YellowstoneBison grazing near a hot spring, Yellowstone
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Bison Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Bovidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Bison
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Bison Bison
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Herbivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
2m - 2.7m (6.6ft - 9ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
1,000kg - 1,300kg (2,200lbs - 2,500lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
35km/h (22mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
15 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Hair
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Grass plains and forest
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Grass, Acorns, Berries
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Bear, Wolves
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Huge head and a shoulder hump

Bison Location

Map of Bison Locations

Bison

The bison is also known as the American bison and the American buffalo, although the bison is only thought to be very distantly related to the buffalo and the water buffalo found in Africa and Asia respectively.

The bison is one of the largest types of cow in the world with adult bison commonly growing to 2 meters tall or more. The bison typically have long shaggy hair if they inhabit colder regions and the bison in the warmer climates have shorter hair.

The wild bison has been hunted by humans for meat, skins and trophy hunting. The bison has only a handful of predators in the wild mainly due to the sheer size of the bison. Wolves, bears and cougars are amongst those animals that hunt the bison in their natural habitat.

The bison is considered to be the largest land mammal still in existence in North America, where the natural habitat of the bison ranged from Canada to Mexico. Due to loss of the bisons habitat and hunting, the bison are now only found in large herds in very remote areas and farmland.

Before the settlers arrived in North America in the 1800s there were approximately 60 - 100 million bison inhabiting the area, the settlers hunted the bison population down to a mere 1,000 from which the species has still not fully recovered.

Bison Translations

български език
Бизони
Català
Bisó
Cesky
Bizon
Deutsch
Bisons
English
Bison
Esperanto
Bizono
Español
Bison
Suomi
Biisonit
Français
Bison
Galego
Bisonte
Hrvatski
Bizon
Magyar
Bölény
Bahasa Indonesia
Bison
Italiano
Bison
日本語
バイソン属
Latina
Bison
Nederlands
Bison (geslacht)
Norsk
Bison
Polski
Bison (zwierzęta)
Português
Bisonte
Româna
Bizon
Svenska
Bison (släkte)
Türkçe
Bizon
Tiếng Việt
Bò rừng bizon
中文
美洲野牛属

Bison Comments

Jasmine
"Thanks! This really helped me do a writing assignment on the bison!"
unity
"cool"
Anonymous
"sweatcoolanimal"
Anonymous
"not cute at all it is wondreful"
jada
"cute"
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First Published: 16th December 2008, Last Updated: 16th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 16 Dec 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 16 Dec 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 16 Dec 2008]

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