Eclectus Parrot

Eclectus roratus

Last updated: February 23, 2022
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
Image Credit slowmotiongli/Shutterstock.com

Does not squawk like other parrot species.

Eclectus Parrot Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Psittaciformes
Family
Psittacidae
Genus
Eclectus
Scientific Name
Eclectus roratus

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Eclectus Parrot Conservation Status

Eclectus Parrot Locations

Eclectus Parrot Locations

Eclectus Parrot Facts

Fun Fact
Does not squawk like other parrot species.
Estimated Population Size
7,300 – 51,000 mature adults
Biggest Threat
Pet trade
Most Distinctive Feature
Bright colors (typically green and red)
Wingspan
8-10 inches
Incubation Period
28-30 days
Litter Size
2 eggs
Habitat
Rainforests
Predators
Possums, birds of prey, wild dogs
Diet
Herbivore
Type
Bird
Common Name
Eclectus parrot
Number Of Species
1
Location
The Solomon Islands, Indonesia, New Guinea, Australia, the Moluccas
Average Clutch Size
2
Nesting Location
Holes in high trees
Age of Molting
Around 7 months

Eclectus Parrot Physical Characteristics

Color
  • Red
  • Blue
  • Green
Skin Type
Leather
Top Speed
40 mph
Lifespan
30+ years
Weight
16 ounces
Length
12 – 14.5 inches

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The beautifully colored Eclectus parrot is loved by many bird enthusiasts and pet owners alike.

While this species is a rare find, they are medium-sized birds that predominantly live in the humid weather of the rainforest for their 30-year lifespan. Females are very maternal, and all genders will bond with multiple partners during mating season. Though the males and females are distinctly green and red (respectively), they both have a red tinge to their fussy feathers at the tips.

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Eclectus Parrot Amazing facts!

  • Due to the varied colors, scientists previously believed that the male and female parrots were not even the same species. This belief carried on until the start of the 20th century, though there are a total of 9 subspecies.
  • While this parrot species can mimic human speech rather well, their voice does not fully develop to “speak” until they are about a year old.
  • The females, also known as hens, are incredibly maternal and will defend their chosen nesting tree to the death, if necessary.
  • Even without mating, the desire to lay eggs is strong. Hens without a partner may lay eggs that would not hatch in the springtime.

Where to Find Eclectus Parrots

Found natively in the rainforest, Eclectus parrots typically live in the Solomon Islands, Indonesia, the Moluccas, and New Guinea. They are also located in northeastern Australia, preferring to build their next high in hollow trees.

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Eclectus Parrot Nests

Females spend 11 months of the year in their nest, hiding within hollow trees that they can call their own. When she builds her nest, very little goes into it, which is why they carefully select their tree. This nest needs to be built in high-quality hollow trees to reduce the risk of flooding out their young during storms. If anything, the female might include small pieces of wood that she sources from within the tree and any natural debris.

Eclectus Parrot Scientific Name

The Eclectus parrot’s scientific name is Eclectus roratus, which is Latin. The word Eclectus is meant to be a tribute to their eclectic colors, while the word “roratus” comes from a combination of Proto-Indo-European and Sanskrit languages to mean “moisture” or “humidity.”



They are from the Aves class in the Psittacidae family. There are a total of 9 subspecies.

Eclectus Parrot Appearance

This medium-sized parrot is quite colorful, though the males and females are distinctly different. In fact, they are so different in color that scientists previously believed that they were two entirely different species. Nonetheless, their plumage has made them as popular as they are.

Health and Entertainment for your Eclectus Parrot

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Males are typically covered in bright green feathers with yellow near their heads. They have blue primaries with red underneath their wings. This blue hue is also seen closer to the tips of the feathers. Females, on the other hand, are bright red, though the colors get darker along their backs. Instead of having red underneath their wings, their mantle and underwing appear to be purple. At the tips of their wings, the color becomes a combination of mauve and blue, and their tail typically is an assortment of yellow to orange.

The wingspan of this parrot is typically 8-10 inches, and their bodies are 12-14.5 inches. The average weight of an adult Eclectus parrot is 16 ounces.

The Eclectus parrot flying into his owner's hands.
The Eclectus parrot flying into his owner’s hands.

Karel Bartik/Shutterstock.com

Eclectus Parrot Behavior

The Eclectus parrot is a lovable and social creature. Like other parrot species, they are not migratory, spending their whole life in the warmth of the rainforest. They even seek out trees in their area to use as their main home until they lay eggs. Though their assumed speed is about 40 mph in flight, scientists have yet to actually clock it.

Though their voices can carry a tune and even talk, their voice isn’t clear until about a year old.

Eclectus Parrot Diet

Due to their long digestive tract, it is rather easy for this parrot to consume foods with a lot of fiber. They are herbivores, and much of their diet is a combination of fruits, seeds, and plants. Since the female spends the majority of the year either with her chicks or defending her nest, she relies on her male suitor (or suitors) to bring back food via regurgitation.

What Does the Eclectus Parrot Eat?

The specific diet of this parrot will largely depend on whether they seek out food for themselves or if they are in captivity. Availability plays a large role in their food. For instance, in the wild, these birds will seek out mostly fruit, like papaya or pomegranate. It will also eat flowers, figs, and leaf buds.

If this bird is being fed by a pet owner, they often have much easier access to a broad variety of fruit, which sometimes includes mangos, figs, guavas, bananas, melons, grapes, apples, and citrus fruits. Pet stores often carry pellets that are specially balanced with necessary vitamins and minerals.

Eclectus Parrot Predators and Threats

Though this bird can be quite agile, they are herbivores and hunt no other animals. Females typically stay within their nest for 11 months out of the year, so they tend to become victims of animals who seek out their prey in hollow trees.
Apart from their natural predators, the pet trade seems to be the biggest threat to Eclectus parrots as they are sold to new owners.

What Eats Eclectus Parrots?

This parrot species is at risk of becoming the prey of opossums, birds of prey, and wild dogs.

Eclectus Parrot Reproduction, Young, and Molting

The female parrot seeks out a large, hollow tree in her native rainforest habitat to build her nest. This nest is where she raises her young, and she will sometimes fight to the death to defend it once chosen. In fact, she will even stay in her chosen tree for nearly the entire year, which leaves her to rely on the male to come to feed her. Hardly monogamous, some females have as many as five males to tend to her appetite as a way to compete for the right to be the father to her chicks. Males and females both seek out multiple partners.

The average clutch size of the Eclectus parrot is 2 eggs, though there are some cases in which only one egg is laid. These eggs are bright white, and the female must incubate them for about a month before they hatch. Typically, an Eclectus parrot baby is prepared to leave the nest by 11 weeks old, but they won’t reach sexual maturity until at least 2 years old. If the female produces both a male and a female baby from these eggs, she will commit infanticide on the former if the nest is poorly prepared.

On average, the lifespan of an Eclectus parrot is about 30 years, though some have lived to be over 40 years with proper care in captivity.

Eclectus Parrot Population

Based on the most recent information from the IUCN, the total population of Eclectus parrots in the world is between 7,300 and 51,000. The number isn’t fluctuating by much, ensuring that the wild population is currently stable, but the biggest threat to this number is the pet trade. These birds are often captured and sold as pets as a result of their friendly personality and bold colors.

The current conservation status is “least concern.”

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Eclectus Parrot FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Is an Eclectus parrot a good pet?

The Eclectus parrot is a beautiful bird with many colors. With a lovable personality and a gift for gab, they are one of the most popular pet parrots around today. To adopt one of these birds as a baby or adult, the price can be in the thousands.

Are Eclectus parrots cuddly?

Not exactly. While this type of bird is quite friendly and will sit for a little while to cuddle, they prefer to perch nearby or on their owner’s hand.

Do Eclectus parrots talk?

Yes, this species is quite the chatterbox. In fact, while other parrots tend to squawk and make obnoxious noises, this bird learns to speak and sing quite easily.

Are Eclectus parrots loud?

Generally, they aren’t very noisy consistently. However, the loud honk they let out can be a little jarring for pet owners that are easily started.

How much does an Eclectus parrot cost?

The average price of an Eclectus parrot is $1,000 – $3,000. However, many factors play into this price, including the breeder you purchase from, their age, and their colors. Typically, a baby parrot is much more expensive.

Sources
  1. All Pet Birds, Available here: https://wondergardens.org/eclectus-parrot/
  2. Be Chewy, Available here: https://be.chewy.com/what-eclectus-parrots-are-like-as-pets/
  3. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclectus_parrot
  4. Parrot Website, Available here: https://www.parrotwebsite.com/how-fast-can-a-parrot-go/
  5. ITIS, Available here: https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=177542
  6. Lafeber Vet, Available here: https://lafeber.com/vet/basic-information-sheet-for-the-eclectus-parrot/
  7. Seaworld Parks & Entertainment, Available here: https://seaworld.org/animals/facts/birds/grand-eclectus-parrot/
  8. Wonder Gardens, Available here: https://wondergardens.org/eclectus-parrot/

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