Animals in Solomon Islands



Below you can find a complete list of Solomon Island animals. We currently track 96 animals in Solomon Islands and are adding more every day!

On a stretch of the South Pacific Ocean called the Solomon Sea, the Solomon Islands is an independent island nation. This archipelago of 1000 islands is east of Papua New Guinea and northeast of Australia. The Solomon Islands has a wet, tropical climate. The land is largely hilly and forested. This region includes coastal strand vegetation, mangrove forests, freshwater swamps, lowland rain forests, and montane rain forests.

These environments are home to many unique bird and mammal species. There are dozens of bat species and unique, adorable animals like the golden ringtail possum (Pseudochirops corrinae), common spotted cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus), and sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps).

Its marine animals include striped dolphins, rough-toothed dolphins, and pygmy killer whales. The Solomon Islands has healthy reef systems that are home to leatherback and green turtles, reef sharks, and manta rays. Tuna, barracudas, and sailfish swim in the ocean waters.

Unique reptiles include the Rennell Island monitor, the spotted emo skink and the Malukuna webbed frog.

The Official National Animal of Solomon Islands

The official national animal of Solomon Islands is the hawksbill turtle. This sea turtle spends its life in the deep ocean, shallow tidal ponds, and coral reefs. A hawksbill turtle can be 3 feet long and weigh up to 180 pounds. Like all sea turtles, the national animal is in danger of becoming extinct.

Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Solomon Islands

The Solomon archipelago has rich and diverse marine life, including coral reefs and seagrass meadows. It is part of the Coral Triangle, which is a section of the western Pacific that has the world’s most diverse coral and coral reef species. These waters have 494 species of coral and 1019 species of reef fish.

If you visit Rob Roy Island or Taro Island, you may spot dugongs. These gentle sea giants are endangered everywhere. The underwater seagrass meadows are their preferred habitat.

Bird watching has become a popular activity for visitors to the Solomon Islands. In the mountain areas, birders have spotted Kolombaranga leaf warblers and fearful owls. The coastal areas are ideal for spotting Sandford’s sea eagles and crested cuckoo-doves. The jungle areas of the lowlands are home to lorikeets, parrots, and kingfishers.

Snorkelers and scuba divers can enjoy the bright, clear water and a vast array of tropical fish, dugongs, barracudas, and manta rays. You can watch dolphins and reef sharks underwater while boating or sea kayaking.

Birds are abundant in the Solomon Islands. The trees are alive with brightly colored tropical birds and songbirds. Birders have spotted many unique, rare bird species, including ultramarine kingfisher, Solomons cockatoo, and midget flowerpecker.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Solomon Islands Today

  • Sharks: The waters of the Solomon Islands have high numbers of bull sharks and hammerhead sharks. These large, aggressive sharks are likely to attack anything they encounter in the water. The underwater regions are also home to reef sharks, but they are harmless to humans.
  • Crocodiles: Saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) are native to the Solomon Islands. Like their Australian cousins, these huge, aggressive beasts can weigh up to 1000 pounds. According to a 2019 report, there were 225 saltwater crocodile attacks on humans in the past 10 years. Of these, 83 were fatal, and 31 were attacks on children.

Endangered Animals in Solomon Islands

  • The Solomon Islands is home to about 30 bat species, including the large bats known as flying foxes. The Bougainville monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex ancep), Guadalcanal monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex atrata), and montane monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex pulchra) are in danger of becoming extinct.
  • Endangered rodents include the Specht’s mosaic-tailed rat (Melomys spechti), Poncelet’s giant rat (Solomys ponceleti) and emperor rat (Uromys imperator).
  • Critically endangered bird species include the Makira moorhen (Gallinula silvestris), yellow-legged pigeon (Columba pallidiceps) and thick-billed ground dove (Gallicolumba salamonis).

Unique Wildlife of Solomon Islands

Like many South Pacific islands, the Solomon Islands is home to unusual tropical species. Birds and butterflies are abundant, and fish and marine mammals swim in the warm waters. Bird watching, snorkeling, and wildlife photography tours are some of the best ways to see this unique wildlife.

Solomon Island Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Bird Of Paradise

There are around 50 different species!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Budgerigar

Natively found in Australia!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockatoo

Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crested Penguin

Has long yellow eyebrows!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hornbill

The bird has a massive horn on its bill!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marine Toad

Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pademelon

Inhabits the jungles of the far east!

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Possum

There are 69 species on the Australian continent!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Dragon

Inhabits tropical coastal waters of Australia!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Striped Rocket Frog

Long powerful hind legs!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Solomon Island Animals List

Animals in Solomon Islands FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in the Solomon Islands?

Like many island nations, Solomon Islands developed many unusual animals you can only see here. Its species include:

  • 300 bird species, of which 102 are endemic.
  • 47 mammal species, of which 27 are endemic.
  • 1019 species of reef fish.
  • 130 butterfly species.
  • 86 reptile species.

The Solomon Islands is home to most species you will find in tropical settings. The coastal reefs are home to sea turtles, dugongs, and many shark species. It has animals similar to those in Indonesia and Australia, including the cuscus, a small, cute marsupial that lives in the trees.

Are There Poisonous Snakes in Solomon Islands?

The Solomon Islands coral snake (Loveridgelaps elapoides) is a medium-sized snake endemic to the Solomon Islands. This brightly colored snake averages 3 to 4 feet. Although its venom is highly toxic, it is a very shy, secretive snake that few humans ever encounter. It lives in forested areas near streams and lakes.

Sea snakes in the Solomon Islands include the yellow-bellied sea snake and the Belcher’s sea snake. Their bites can be fatal.

What Is the Most Dangerous Animal in Solomon Islands?

The saltwater crocodile is the most dangerous animal in the country. The largest living reptile, this animal kills an average of five people every year. After an increase in recorded attacks, the government has considered lifting a ban on hunting crocodiles. The ban was passed to help preserve crocodiles, which were once almost extinct.