Below you can find a complete list of Solomon Island animals. We currently track 96 animals in Solomon Islands and are adding more every day!
On a stretch of the South Pacific Ocean called the Solomon Sea, the Solomon Islands is an independent island nation. This archipelago of 1000 islands is east of Papua New Guinea and northeast of Australia. The Solomon Islands has a wet, tropical climate. The land is largely hilly and forested. This region includes coastal strand vegetation, mangrove forests, freshwater swamps, lowland rain forests, and montane rain forests.
These environments are home to many unique bird and mammal species. There are dozens of bat species and unique, adorable animals like the golden ringtail possum (Pseudochirops corrinae), common spotted cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus), and sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps).
Its marine animals include striped dolphins, rough-toothed dolphins, and pygmy killer whales. The Solomon Islands has healthy reef systems that are home to leatherback and green turtles, reef sharks, and manta rays. Tuna, barracudas, and sailfish swim in the ocean waters.
Unique reptiles include the Rennell Island monitor, the spotted emo skink and the Malukuna webbed frog.
The Official National Animal of Solomon Islands
The official national animal of Solomon Islands is the hawksbill turtle. This sea turtle spends its life in the deep ocean, shallow tidal ponds, and coral reefs. A hawksbill turtle can be 3 feet long and weigh up to 180 pounds. Like all sea turtles, the national animal is in danger of becoming extinct.
Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Solomon Islands
The Solomon archipelago has rich and diverse marine life, including coral reefs and seagrass meadows. It is part of the Coral Triangle, which is a section of the western Pacific that has the world’s most diverse coral and coral reef species. These waters have 494 species of coral and 1019 species of reef fish.
Bird watching has become a popular activity for visitors to the Solomon Islands. In the mountain areas, birders have spotted Kolombaranga leaf warblers and fearful owls. The coastal areas are ideal for spotting Sandford’s sea eagles and crested cuckoo-doves. The jungle areas of the lowlands are home to lorikeets, parrots, and kingfishers.
Snorkelers and scuba divers can enjoy the bright, clear water and a vast array of tropical fish, dugongs, barracudas, and manta rays. You can watch dolphins and reef sharks underwater while boating or sea kayaking.
Birds are abundant in the Solomon Islands. The trees are alive with brightly colored tropical birds and songbirds. Birders have spotted many unique, rare bird species, including ultramarine kingfisher, Solomons cockatoo, and midget flowerpecker.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Solomon Islands Today
- Sharks: The waters of the Solomon Islands have high numbers of bull sharks and hammerhead sharks. These large, aggressive sharks are likely to attack anything they encounter in the water. The underwater regions are also home to reef sharks, but they are harmless to humans.
- Crocodiles: Saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) are native to the Solomon Islands. Like their Australian cousins, these huge, aggressive beasts can weigh up to 1000 pounds. According to a 2019 report, there were 225 saltwater crocodile attacks on humans in the past 10 years. Of these, 83 were fatal, and 31 were attacks on children.
Endangered Animals in Solomon Islands
- The Solomon Islands is home to about 30 bat species, including the large bats known as flying foxes. The Bougainville monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex ancep), Guadalcanal monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex atrata), and montane monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex pulchra) are in danger of becoming extinct.
- Endangered rodents include the Specht’s mosaic-tailed rat (Melomys spechti), Poncelet’s giant rat (Solomys ponceleti) and emperor rat (Uromys imperator).
- Critically endangered bird species include the Makira moorhen (Gallinula silvestris), yellow-legged pigeon (Columba pallidiceps) and thick-billed ground dove (Gallicolumba salamonis).
Unique Wildlife of Solomon Islands
Like many South Pacific islands, the Solomon Islands is home to unusual tropical species. Birds and butterflies are abundant, and fish and marine mammals swim in the warm waters. Bird watching, snorkeling, and wildlife photography tours are some of the best ways to see this unique wildlife.
Solomon Island Animals
Solomon Island Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Bird Of Paradise
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common House Spider
- Crab Spider
- Crested Penguin
- Dung Beetle
- False Widow Spider
- Glow Worm
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Marine Toad
- Monarch Butterfly
- Monitor Lizard
- Orb Weaver
- River Turtle
- Sea Dragon
- Sea Eagle
- Stick Insect
- Striped Rocket Frog
- Tarantula Hawk
- Tiger Beetle
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Solomon Islands FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in the Solomon Islands?
Like many island nations, Solomon Islands developed many unusual animals you can only see here. Its species include:
- 300 bird species, of which 102 are endemic.
- 47 mammal species, of which 27 are endemic.
- 1019 species of reef fish.
- 130 butterfly species.
- 86 reptile species.
The Solomon Islands is home to most species you will find in tropical settings. The coastal reefs are home to sea turtles, dugongs, and many shark species. It has animals similar to those in Indonesia and Australia, including the cuscus, a small, cute marsupial that lives in the trees.
Are There Poisonous Snakes in Solomon Islands?
The Solomon Islands coral snake (Loveridgelaps elapoides) is a medium-sized snake endemic to the Solomon Islands. This brightly colored snake averages 3 to 4 feet. Although its venom is highly toxic, it is a very shy, secretive snake that few humans ever encounter. It lives in forested areas near streams and lakes.
Sea snakes in the Solomon Islands include the yellow-bellied sea snake and the Belcher’s sea snake. Their bites can be fatal.
What Is the Most Dangerous Animal in Solomon Islands?
The saltwater crocodile is the most dangerous animal in the country. The largest living reptile, this animal kills an average of five people every year. After an increase in recorded attacks, the government has considered lifting a ban on hunting crocodiles. The ban was passed to help preserve crocodiles, which were once almost extinct.