Animals in Solomon Islands

Updated: January 21, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of Solomon Island animals. We currently track 135 animals in Solomon Islands and are adding more every day!

On a stretch of the South Pacific Ocean called the Solomon Sea, the Solomon Islands is an independent island nation. This archipelago of 1000 islands is east of Papua New Guinea and northeast of Australia. The Solomon Islands has a wet, tropical climate. The land is largely hilly and forested. This region includes coastal strand vegetation, mangrove forests, freshwater swamps, lowland rain forests, and montane rain forests.

These environments are home to many unique bird and mammal species. There are dozens of bat species and unique, adorable animals like the golden ringtail possum (Pseudochirops corrinae), common spotted cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus), and sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps).

Its marine animals include striped dolphins, rough-toothed dolphins, and pygmy killer whales. The Solomon Islands has healthy reef systems that are home to leatherback and green turtles, reef sharks, and manta rays. Tuna, barracudas, and sailfish swim in the ocean waters.

Unique reptiles include the Rennell Island monitor, the spotted emo skink and the Malukuna webbed frog.

The Official National Animal of Solomon Islands

The official national animal of Solomon Islands is the hawksbill turtle. This sea turtle spends its life in the deep ocean, shallow tidal ponds, and coral reefs. A hawksbill turtle can be 3 feet long and weigh up to 180 pounds. Like all sea turtles, the national animal is in danger of becoming extinct.

Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Solomon Islands

The Solomon archipelago has rich and diverse marine life, including coral reefs and seagrass meadows. It is part of the Coral Triangle, which is a section of the western Pacific that has the world’s most diverse coral and coral reef species. These waters have 494 species of coral and 1019 species of reef fish.

If you visit Rob Roy Island or Taro Island, you may spot dugongs. These gentle sea giants are endangered everywhere. The underwater seagrass meadows are their preferred habitat.

Bird watching has become a popular activity for visitors to the Solomon Islands. In the mountain areas, birders have spotted Kolombaranga leaf warblers and fearful owls. The coastal areas are ideal for spotting Sandford’s sea eagles and crested cuckoo-doves. The jungle areas of the lowlands are home to lorikeets, parrots, and kingfishers.

Snorkelers and scuba divers can enjoy the bright, clear water and a vast array of tropical fish, dugongs, barracudas, and manta rays. You can watch dolphins and reef sharks underwater while boating or sea kayaking.

Birds are abundant in the Solomon Islands. The trees are alive with brightly colored tropical birds and songbirds. Birders have spotted many unique, rare bird species, including ultramarine kingfisher, Solomons cockatoo, and midget flowerpecker.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Solomon Islands Today

  • Sharks: The waters of the Solomon Islands have high numbers of bull sharks and hammerhead sharks. These large, aggressive sharks are likely to attack anything they encounter in the water. The underwater regions are also home to reef sharks, but they are harmless to humans.
  • Crocodiles: Saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) are native to the Solomon Islands. Like their Australian cousins, these huge, aggressive beasts can weigh up to 1000 pounds. According to a 2019 report, there were 225 saltwater crocodile attacks on humans in the past 10 years. Of these, 83 were fatal, and 31 were attacks on children.

Endangered Animals in Solomon Islands

  • The Solomon Islands is home to about 30 bat species, including the large bats known as flying foxes. The Bougainville monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex ancep), Guadalcanal monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex atrata), and montane monkey-faced bat (Pteralopex pulchra) are in danger of becoming extinct.
  • Endangered rodents include the Specht’s mosaic-tailed rat (Melomys spechti), Poncelet’s giant rat (Solomys ponceleti) and emperor rat (Uromys imperator).
  • Critically endangered bird species include the Makira moorhen (Gallinula silvestris), yellow-legged pigeon (Columba pallidiceps) and thick-billed ground dove (Gallicolumba salamonis).

Unique Wildlife of Solomon Islands

Like many South Pacific islands, the Solomon Islands is home to unusual tropical species. Birds and butterflies are abundant, and fish and marine mammals swim in the warm waters. Bird watching, snorkeling, and wildlife photography tours are some of the best ways to see this unique wildlife.

Flag of Solomon Islands

The flag of the Solomon Islands consists of a field of light blue and dark green colors divided by a diagonal yellow band, which connects the flag’s lower hoist and upper-fly corners.

Solomon Island Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Archerfish can shoot a stream of water up to five feet with amazing accuracy.

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!


Detects prey using echolocation!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Bird Of Paradise

There are around 50 different species!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


Natively found in Australia!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Coconut Crab 

The largest terrestrial arthropod in the world

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.


Corella birds are noisy, especially during the early morning or late evening.


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!

Crested Penguin

Has long yellow eyebrows!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eclectus Parrot

Does not squawk like other parrot species.


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Giant Trevally

The largest fish in its genus


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


The bird has a massive horn on its bill!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


There are around 5,000 different species!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marine Toad

Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Inhabits the jungles of the far east!


Can live for up to 100 years!


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pompano Fish

They are bottom-feeders


There are 69 species on the Australian continent!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Dragon

Inhabits tropical coastal waters of Australia!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Sea Snake

The sea snake is incredibly venomous, even more than a cobra!”


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!

Spotted Garden Eel

Males battle each other over females and territory

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Striped Rocket Frog

Long powerful hind legs!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Snake

Though this snake’s venomous bite isn’t harmful to adults, it can be dangerous to children


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Ulysses Butterfly

Ulysses butterflies have come back from endangered status to just "threatened."

Viper Boa

These boas aren't really vipers, they're nonvenomous constrictors that look like vipers.


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball


Doesn’t have eyes.

Solomon Island Animals List

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About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

Animals in Solomon Islands FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in the Solomon Islands?

Like many island nations, Solomon Islands developed many unusual animals you can only see here. Its species include:

  • 300 bird species, of which 102 are endemic.
  • 47 mammal species, of which 27 are endemic.
  • 1019 species of reef fish.
  • 130 butterfly species.
  • 86 reptile species.

The Solomon Islands is home to most species you will find in tropical settings. The coastal reefs are home to sea turtles, dugongs, and many shark species. It has animals similar to those in Indonesia and Australia, including the cuscus, a small, cute marsupial that lives in the trees.

Are There Poisonous Snakes in Solomon Islands?

The Solomon Islands coral snake (Loveridgelaps elapoides) is a medium-sized snake endemic to the Solomon Islands. This brightly colored snake averages 3 to 4 feet. Although its venom is highly toxic, it is a very shy, secretive snake that few humans ever encounter. It lives in forested areas near streams and lakes.

Sea snakes in the Solomon Islands include the yellow-bellied sea snake and the Belcher’s sea snake. Their bites can be fatal.

What Is the Most Dangerous Animal in Solomon Islands?

The saltwater crocodile is the most dangerous animal in the country. The largest living reptile, this animal kills an average of five people every year. After an increase in recorded attacks, the government has considered lifting a ban on hunting crocodiles. The ban was passed to help preserve crocodiles, which were once almost extinct.