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Kiwi

Tokoeka (Apteryx australis), Stewart Island, New ZealandNorth Island brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli)brown kiwi (Apteryx australis)
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Kiwi Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Struthioniformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Apterygidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Apteryx
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Actinidia Deliciosa
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Omnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
25cm - 45cm (9.8in - 17in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
40cm - 60cm (15.7in - 23.6in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
1.3kg - 3.3kg (2.6lbs - 7.3lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
19km/h (12mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
8 - 12 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Grey, White
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Favourite Food:Worms
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Forests and dense woodland
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once
5
Main Prey:Worms, Spiders, Insects, Fruit
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Foxes, Dogs, Cats
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Round body and long, sharp and straight beaks

Kiwi Location

Map of Kiwi Locations
Map of Oceania

Kiwi

The kiwi is a brown, fuzzy, flightless bird native to the forests and jungles of New Zealand. In recent years the kiwi has become endangered, mainly due to introduced predators like dogs, cats, rats, ferrets and weasels which hunt the kiwi and eat it's eggs. The kiwi is almost helpless against these exotic threats and there are many support organizations for kiwis which run conservation projects to try and protect the remaining kiwi population. The largest of these kiwi conservation projects is run by the Bank of New Zealand.

There are many different species of kiwi, but all of them can only be found inhabiting the forests of New Zealand. It is believed that the incredible diversity of this island nation is due to its early separation from Australia and the rest of the continents, millions of years ago, by way of tectonic plate shifting.

The kiwi is the national bird and icon of New Zealand. In fact, the native people of New Zealand are often also called Kiwis. The kiwi also appears on many flags and symbols across the islands.

The eggs of the kiwi weigh about one pound which is 450g. The beak of the kiwi is about the size of one third of the kiwi's body. The kiwi uses it's long beak to rummage through the foliage on the ground in search of food.

Kiwis are omnivorous animals and eat a variety of both plants and animals. The kiwi mainly hunts out worms, insects and spiders but also eats fruits and berries, generally those that have fallen to the forest floor.

The kiwi is thought to be related to the ostrich and the emu, making the kiwi the smallest member of this family of birds. Like it's larger cousins, the kiwi is unable to fly due to it's small wing span and large weight. The kiwi therefore spends it's life foraging on the forest floor.

Although kiwis are generally solitary animals, kiwis are known to live in pairs for parts of their lives. These kiwi couples mate only with each other and the female kiwi is known to be larger than the male kiwi, meaning the female kiwi is generally the dominant bird.

Before the introduction of animals such as cats and dogs, kiwis roamed New Zealand in great numbers as there were no natural predators there besides humans. It is since humans settled there with their pets that the kiwi numbers have rapidly declined. Today there are believed to only around 200 kiwis left in the wild.

Kiwis are very nomadic birds which means that they are known to move around a great deal rather than staying in one place. Kiwis dig burrows during the day which they sleep in at night and then move onto another spot and build a new burrow the next day. The only exception to this is when the kiwi is nesting to lay lay it's eggs. The female kiwi lays an average of five eggs per clutch which take nearly 3 months to hatch. The male kiwi is the one who incubates the eggs for most of the time.

Kiwi Comments

Herr Schilling
"It is thankful that the Bank of New Zealand id's working to preserve the kiwi birds."
justin
"I m doing a report this will help me alot"
Kate
"Great THANKYOU"
Femi
"This website is great. I have to do a report and this will get me an A+"
kiya
"this is awsome"
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First Published: 18th November 2008, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Nov 2008]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Nov 2008]

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