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Ostrich (Struthio Camelus)Ostrich (Struthio Camelus)A close-up of an Ostrich (Struthio Camelus) at Colchester Zoo, UK.Ostrich (Struthio camelus), Chay Bar Yotvata, IsraelGrazing ostrich (Struthio camelus australis).
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Ostrich Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
The name of the animal in science
Struthio Camelus
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
1.8m - 2.7m (6ft - 9ft)
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
1.5m - 2m (4.9ft - 6.5ft)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
63kg - 130kg (140lbs - 290lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
74km/h (42mph)
How long the animal lives for
50 - 70 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Black, Grey, White, Pink
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
Desert and savanna areas
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laid at once
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Grass, Roots, Seeds, Flowers
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Hyena, Lion, Cheetah
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Small wings and long neck and legs

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Ostrich Location

Map of Ostrich Locations
Map of Africa


The ostrich is the biggest bird in the world with a male ostrich often growing more than 2 metres tall. The ostrich is also the world's fastest bird on the ground being able to run at speeds of up to 50 mph for short periods of time.

Despite the fact that the ostrich is a bird, the ostrich cannot fly and instead will run away when threatened. The ostrich weighs more than 100kg which is the main reason as to why the ostrich is unable to fly. The ostrich will also lay flat on the ground to hide from predators.

The ostrich mainly eats grubs and insects, often found in the ground. The ostrich is well known for putting its head into the ground to get the bugs in the soil. The ostrich also has a kick so powerful that it can be fatal to most mammals.

The ostrich is found natively in Africa (and also used to be found in the Middle East) but the ostrich is farmed for its meat, skin and feathers all around the world.

The ostrich lays the biggest eggs of any bird species with an ostrich egg generally being more than 10 times bigger than the average chicken egg. Due to its sheer size, the egg of the ostrich is considered a culinary delicacy in many human cultures.

There are five different species of ostrich that are generally found around central and eastern Africa. The different species of ostrich are all very similar but vary in size and colour depending on the species of ostrich. The ostrich is most closely related to the Australian emu and the New Zealand kiwi.

The ostrich is an omnivore and therefore eats a variety of both plants and animals. The diet of the ostrich mainly consists of leaves, grass, seeds, roots, flowers and berries along with insects and occasionally small mammals and reptiles.

Due to the sheer size and immense power of the ostrich, the ostrich has few natural predators in its environment. The main predators of the ostrich are lions and cheetahs, and also hyenas and crocodiles if they are able to catch one. Humans are one of the main predators of the ostrich as they hunt the ostrich for it's meat and feathers.

Ostriches live in herds that usually include the dominant male, his hens (female ostriches) and their young offspring (ostrich babies). During the mating season, the alpha male will make a communal nest around 3 meters wide in the ground for his female ostriches to lay their eggs in. There are often more than 20 eggs in the nest but it is rare that more than a couple of these eggs actually hatch as they are preyed upon by predators like jackals and hyenas. After an incubation period of around 6 weeks, the ostrich chicks hatch out of their eggs. It is the alpha male ostrich that defends the ostrich chicks from danger and teaches them to feed.

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First Published: 5th December 2008, Last Updated: 24th January 2020

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5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
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