Monte Iberia Eleuth Facts
Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
The name of the animal in science
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
|9.6mm - 9.8mm (0.37in - 0.38in)|
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
|1.5g - 2g (0.05oz - 0.07oz)|
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
How long the animal lives for
|1 - 3 years|
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
|Black, Yellow, Brown, White|
The protective layer of the animal
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
|Water around Mount Iberia|
|Average Clutch Size:|
The average number of eggs laid at once
The food that the animal gains energy from
|Insects, Moths, Spiders|
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
|Fish, Toads, Birds|
Characteristics unique to this animal
|Tiny body size with bright yellow stripes|
Monte Iberia Eleuth Location
Map of South America
Monte Iberia Eleuth
The Monte Iberia Eleuth is a tiny species of frog that, as its name suggests, is natively found in the woodlands around Mount Iberia. The Monte Iberia Eleuth is the smallest species of frog in the Northern Hemisphere and is the second smallest species of frog in the world behind the Brazilian Golden frog found in Brazil, average less than 1cm in length.
The Monte Iberia Eleuth is a critically endangered animal that is confined to just two remote areas of forest in Cuba. The Monte Iberia Eleuth was first discovered on Mount Iberia in 1996, and populations are known to be very vulnerable as this frog is only found in very specific habitats that include areas of closed rainforest, with poorly drained soil and high levels of humidity.
The Monte Iberia Eleuth is a tiny black frog that can be easily identified by the bright yellow stripes that run along each side of the frog's back. Due to the fact that the head of the Monte Iberia Eleuth is about the same size as the head of a pin, this tiny frog has fewer teeth than larger frogs and is also thought to make more highly-pitched vocal calls.
Only two isolated populations are known to exist, both in the Holguín Province of eastern Cuba at elevations under 600 meters. The first location is on top of the Monte Iberia tableland where the Monte Iberia Eleuth was first discovered. The second is smaller (less than 100 km²) and sparsely-occupied, near NibujÃ³n at sea level. This area has suffered great disturbances over the past 40 years from human activities which have obviously led to drastic declines in Monte Iberia Eleuth population numbers.
Despite its miniature size, the Monte Iberia Eleuth has a very similar diet to other small frogs, hunting and eating a wide range of invertebrates in the Cuban jungle. The Monte Iberia Eleuth feeds on insects, moths and spiders along with a number of semi-aquatic invertebrates when it is close to water.
Due to its small size, the Monte Iberia Eleuth has numerous predators within its natural environment including birds, rodents, lizards, toads and even larger frogs. The Monte Iberia Eleuth is also an incredibly sensitive animal that is easily affected by changes to its environment including pollution and deforestation.
Little is known about the reproduction of the smallest frog in the Northern Hemisphere, besides the fact that once hatched, the life-cycle of the Monte Iberia Eleuth is similar to that of other frogs turning from water-based tadpoles to ground-dwelling frogs. When the first Monte Iberia Eleuth frog was found, she was found next to a single egg which indicates that this species reproduces slowly as they don't lay hundreds of eggs at once.
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First Published: 26th July 2010, Last Updated: 8th November 2019
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