Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
Most widely used name for the species
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
What kind of foods the animal eats
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
|Number of Species:|
The total number of recorded species
|Average Life Span:|
The average time the animal lives for
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
|Red, Black, Yellow, Orange, Brown, White|
The protective layer of the animal
The specific area where the animal lives
|Quiet forests and pastures|
|Average Litter Size:|
The average number of babies born at once
|Main Prey:||Nectar, Fruits, Natural Fabrics|
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
|Birds, Bats, Lizards, Spiders|
|Special Features:||Long, curled tongue and delicate, patterned wings|
MothMoths are found all around the world and are closely related to the colourful butterfly. However, moths are not generally so brightly coloured as the butterfly as the moth is a nocturnal animal and so blends in to the darker surroundings.
There are thought to be up to 250,000 different species of moth throughout the world, and even more are believed to have not yet been discovered. Due to their nocturnal lifestyle, moths are known to be attracted to lights and are even believed to be able to fly in a straight line as the moths use the moon for navigation.
In the same remarkable way as a butterfly, the moth undergoes a stage of metamorphosis during its limited life cycle. The moth caterpillar is different from the butterfly type, it is more broad and some contain a stinger.
As with their butterfly cousins, moths are known to play a vital role in the pollination of plants as they flutter between them. Those plants that flower (bloom) during the night rely solely on moths and also bats to pollinate them. If the moth is distracted by an artificial light, it will in turn affect that reproduction of the plants that it helps to pollinate.
Moths are herbivorous animals and therefore survive on a plant-based diet. Moths predominantly drink the nectar from the plants using their long straw-like tongue and moths are also known to do a similar thing with sugary fruits and berries. The moth caterpillars, also still generally herbivores, eat a mixture of plants and leaves and some species also eat insects.
All around the world, both moths and their caterpillars are known to be a pest, particularly to farmers as the caterpillars munch through their crop. Moths are renowned for the larvae becoming a pest by eating through fabrics, the moth seems to mainly go for the delicate silk. Moths are known to make holes in household fabrics like blinds and curtains.
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First Published: 10th November 2008, Last Updated: 9th January 2017
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4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
5. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]