Norfolk Terrier

Canis lupus

Last updated: April 12, 2021
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff

Fearless but not aggressive!



Norfolk Terrier Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Carnivora
Family
Canidae
Genus
Canis
Scientific Name
Canis lupus

Norfolk Terrier Conservation Status

Norfolk Terrier Locations

Norfolk Terrier Locations

Norfolk Terrier Facts

Diet
Omnivore
Common Name
Norfolk Terrier
Slogan
Fearless but not aggressive!
Group
Terrier

Norfolk Terrier Physical Characteristics

Skin Type
Hair
Lifespan
15 years
Weight
5kg (12lbs)

Norfolk Terrier Images

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The Norfolk terrier is a loyal, affectionate dog with a lot of energy packed into their tiny frame.

They have an independent streak and a stubborn persistency that are hallmark qualities of the terrier breed. These pups are protective of their family and always up for a game of fetch or a lively walk!

These dogs date back to the 1880s in England. A British dog owner named Frank Jones bred these terriers to drive rats and foxes out of their holes. Their persistency and courage made this appealing (and easy) work for this dog. They were sometimes used in sporting contests to see which terrier could drive out all of the rats from a burrow in the shortest amount of time.

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Norfolk terrier and Norwich terrier are two names for this dog. The different names come from the British county and town where they were bred. While the Norfolk terrier has ears that fold down, the Norwich terrier’s ears stand up. This is about the only difference between these dogs besides their names.

Though a Norfolk terrier is happy to curl up beside its owner on the sofa, it won’t stay still for long. This dog belongs to the terrier group, so it is always anxious to find its next digging mission! This is a high-energy dog that loves activity in all forms.

3 Pros and Cons of a Norfolk Terrier

Pros!Cons!
A loyal watchdog
This small dog has a big bark that is effective at alerting a family that someone has entered the property. Though they’re too small to be a threatening guardian, their bark can definitely get an owner’s attention.
Difficult to train
Though they are alert, Norfolk terriers have a stubborn streak that can be a challenge during obedience training.
Hypoallergenic
Because this dog sheds very little it is categorized as hypoallergenic. It doesn’t drop much dander from its fur.
A digger
These dogs were bred to dig holes to scare out rats, foxes, and other rodents. Furthermore, they were perfect for sporting events focused on driving out rodents. However, this digging behavior can sometimes result in a messy backyard.
A playful nature
This dog is always ready for a walk in the neighborhood, a run around the yard, a game of fetch and more. The kids in a family have a ready-made playmate with this pup.
Requires special grooming
Grooming the coat of a Norfolk or Norwich terrier requires a technique called hand-stripping to get rid of loose or dead hair. Unless an owner learns this technique, the dog will need professional grooming.
Norfolk Terrier sitting in grass

Norfolk Terrier Size and Weight

The Norfolk terrier is a small dog with a short-haired, wire coat. A male grows to be 10 inches tall while females grow to be 9 inches tall at the shoulder. Both male and female Norfolk terriers weigh up to 12lbs. At 7 weeks old a Norfolk terrier puppy weighs 4lbs. This dog is fully grown at one year old.

Health and Entertainment for your Norfolk Terrier

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MaleFemale
Height10 inches tall9 inches tall
Weight12lbs, fully grown12lbs, fully grown

Norfolk Terrier Common Health Issues

As with any canine, Norfolk terriers have some health issues that are common to their breed. For example, hip dysplasia is a common health issue for Norfolk terriers. Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition where the dog’s hip joint is not fitting in the way it should. It can cause lameness and pain. A second common health issue is heart disease. This condition affects older Norfolk terriers and usually comes in the form of a weakened heart valve. Obesity can increase the odds that this dog develops heart disease. A liver disorder called portosystemic shunt is another health issue for these dogs. Essentially, this condition deprives a dog’s liver of the proper blood flow. When there’s not enough blood flowing through the liver, this organ can’t take toxins out of the bloodstream.

The most common health issues of Norfolk terriers are:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Heart disease
  • Portosystemic shunt (PSS)

Norfolk Terrier Temperament

Feisty is one of the best words to describe the personality of a Norfolk or Norwich terrier. Despite their small size, these dogs are fearless. That’s part of the reason why they are successful at digging up the holes of rats and other rodents to scare them out of the area. They are quick to bark at strangers on their owner’s property.

One of the most notable traits of a Norfolk terrier is its loyalty. Instead of sleeping in a dog bed or crate, this dog is much happier sleeping on the bed of its owner. In short, Norfolk terriers love to be with their owners, tagging along both inside and outside the house. Some owners think of their Norfolk terrier as a pint-sized guardian!

Their behavior is high energy. These dogs like to run, dig, jump and play. They can be rough and tumble at playtime and are tougher than they look. Norfolk terriers are good with children especially when they join a household as a puppy.

How to Take Care of a Norfolk Terrier

Having a Norfolk terrier as a pet means giving it the right kind of care so it will lead a long, healthy life. For instance, feeding this breed the right type of food can prevent some of the common health issues mentioned above. Consider these important factors related to its care.

Norfolk Terrier Food and Diet

Not surprisingly, a Norfolk terrier puppy needs a different type of diet than an adult dog. Look at some of the main ingredients:

Norfolk terrier puppy food: Protein should be the main ingredient in food for a Norfolk terrier puppy. This gives them energy they can burn with all of their activities. Calcium is important for strong bone and teeth development. Strong bone development helps to prevent hip dysplasia. Antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids contribute to a puppy’s strong immune system and healthy organs including its liver.

Norfolk terrier adult dog food: Protein is also an important ingredient for adult Norfolk terriers. The right amount of protein and fat gives them the energy they need without adding extra weight. Vitamin A is essential to a dog’s eye health and antioxidants boost the immune system. Keeping calcium in the dog’s diet contributes to continued bone health and may help prevent hip dysplasia. Avoid fillers and go with whole grains and vegetables in an adult dog’s food to maintain its energy and metabolism.

Norfolk Terrier Maintenance and Grooming

How much does a Norfolk terrier shed? Norfolk terriers shed very little. In fact, they’re classified as a hypoallergenic dog because they’re light shedders and leave behind a small amount of dander.

These dogs have a double coat that needs to be groomed twice a year by a professional. A groom trims and hand strips the coat removing dead and loose hair. This process also gets rid of tangles and mats.

An owner should brush their terrier’s coat once a week using a soft brush with boar’s hair bristles or a slicker brush. This removes dirt and minor tangles. It’s best to give this dog a bath just once a month. Ichthyosis, which is itchy, dried out skin is a common ailment of this breed. Bathing this dog more than once a month can bring on this condition.

Norfolk Terrier Training

A Norfolk terrier can be challenging to train. This is due to its stubborn streak. It can be easily distracted by birds or rodents in the training area. A Havanese is about the same size as the British born Norfolk terrier, but is easier to train. This is another smart dog but isn’t as easily distracted as a Norfolk terrier. Using treats and praise can help a Norfolk terrier learn its lessons more quickly.

Once a Norfolk terrier works through obedience training, it is a perfect candidate to train for a sporting event. Earthdog is a non-competitive event in which Norfolk terriers and other small dogs test their digging skills to find rodents.

Norfolk Terrier Exercise

These high energy dogs need regular exercise to stay healthy. Unless they are trained to stay with an owner, they should remain on a leash when walked. Otherwise, they are likely to take off after squirrels, cats and other animals during a neighborhood walk. They need 20 to 40 minutes of exercise per day. Playing hide and seek and chase are great activities for a family to play with their Norfolk terrier.

This dog is suitable for apartment life and can be a good guardian. But it needs space to exercise. An apartment dweller should be willing to take their Norfolk terrier on walks.

These dogs need exercise to burn energy. A Norfolk terrier that doesn’t get enough exercise outdoors can become destructive of items in a home.

Norfolk Terrier Puppies

One thing to keep in mind with Norfolk terrier puppies is to avoid overfeeding them. Obesity is an issue with all small dogs including this breed. So, taking steps to feed puppies the right amount of protein and fat can help it to avoid excess weight.

Puppy Norfolk Terrier standing in grass

Norfolk Terrier and Children

These dogs are a good choice for families with children. They are playful and affectionate. It’s most ideal to introduce a puppy to a family with young children. Consequently, the terrier becomes used to interacting with little kids from the start.

Dogs Similar to a Norfolk Terrier

Other breeds similar to the Norfolk terrier include the Cairn terrier, Australian terrier, and Affenpinscher.

  • Cairn terrier – A fellow member of the terrier group, this dog loves to dig and has high energy like the Norfolk terrier. However, they grow to be a little bigger than Norfolk terriers.
  • Australian terrier – Another friendly, alert, and intelligent member of the terrier group. One difference between them is this dog has a much simpler grooming routine than the Norfolk terrier.
  • Affenpinscher – This dog belongs to the toy group, not the terrier group. However, it has the same loyal nature and outgoing personality as the Norfolk terrier.

Some popular names for Norfolk terriers include:

  • Chico
  • Bunny
  • Dinky
  • Midge
  • Coco
  • Twiggy

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Norfolk Terrier FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

How much does it cost to own a Norfolk terrier?

The initial cost of a Norfolk terrier ranges from $1500 to $3500. The vet costs for this dog range from $200 to $400 for a regular checkup. Grooming costs are around $100 per visit and food costs range from $10 to $40 a month.

Are Norfolk terriers good with kids?

Yes, both Norwich and Norfolk terriers are good with children.

How do you groom a Norfolk terrier?

An owner should brush their Norfolk terrier once a week with a soft brush or slicker brush. Twice a year, the dog should be professionally groomed to remove tangles and mats from its double coat. Bathing this dog can be done once a month by an owner.

How big do Norfolk terriers get?

Norfolk terriers can weigh up to 12lbs. A male gets to be about 10 inches tall at the shoulder while females grow to be 9 inches tall.

Are Norfolk terriers good pets?

Yes. They are loyal, affectionate, and intelligent.

Are Norfolk terriers easy to train?

They can be challenging to train due to a stubborn streak. But, with patience and lots of treats, it can be done!

Are Norfolk terriers aggressive?

No, this is not an aggressive dog.

How long do Norfolk terriers live?

Norfolk terriers have a lifespan of 13 to 15 years.

Are Norfolk Terriers herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?

Norfolk Terriers are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.

What Kingdom do Norfolk Terriers belong to?

Norfolk Terriers belong to the Kingdom Animalia.

What class do Norfolk Terriers belong to?

Norfolk Terriers belong to the class Mammalia.

What phylum to Norfolk Terriers belong to?

Norfolk Terriers belong to the phylum Chordata.

What family do Norfolk Terriers belong to?

Norfolk Terriers belong to the family Canidae.

What order do Norfolk Terriers belong to?

Norfolk Terriers belong to the order Carnivora.

What type of covering do Norfolk Terriers have?

Norfolk Terriers are covered in Hair.

What genus do Norfolk Terriers belong to?

Norfolk Terriers belong to the genus Canis.

What is an interesting fact about Norfolk Terriers?

Norfolk Terriers are fearless but not aggressive!

What is the scientific name for the Norfolk Terrier?

The scientific name for the Norfolk Terrier is Canis lupus.

Sources
  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World's Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  5. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. American Kennel Club, Available here: https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/norfolk-terrier/
  7. Wisdom Panel, Available here: https://www.wisdompanel.com/en-us/breed-library/norfolk-terrier
  8. Vetstreet, Available here: http://www.vetstreet.com/dogs/norfolk-terrier

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