Scorpion Fish Facts
Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
The name of the animal in science
The area where the animal first came from
|Indian and Pacific Oceans|
What kind of foods the animal eats
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
|14cm - 45cm (6in - 18in)|
Either freshwater, brakish or salt
|Optimum pH Level:|
The perfect acidity conditions for the animal
|8.1 - 8.4|
How long the animal lives for
|10 - 15 years|
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
|Brown, Black, Yellow, White, Red, Orange|
The protective layer of the animal
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
|Tropical reefs and rocky crevices|
|Average Clutch Size:|
The average number of eggs laid at once
The food that the animal gains energy from
|Fish, Crabs, Snails|
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
|Large Fish, Humans, Sea Lions|
Characteristics unique to this animal
|Venomous sting and camouflaged body|
Scorpion Fish Location
A scorpion fish is a group of predatory, marine fish that are found amongst coral reefs and in shallow waters in the more temperate oceans. The scorpion fish is most closely related to the lionfish and is most commonly found in the Indian and South Pacific oceans.
There are more than 200 recognised species of scorpion fish, hiding amongst the ocean reefs and in artificial aquariums around the world. Scorpion fish are kept in tanks by numerous people because of their interesting appearance and behaviour.
The body of the scorpion fish is often covered in feathery fins that help the scorpion fish to camouflage itself into the surrounding coral. The colours and markings of the scorpion fish are also used to help the scorpion fish to hide.
Scorpion fish are nocturnal predators, and spend the daylight hours resting in a hidden crevice in the coral. Scorpion fish are also able to ambush their prey from this position and often catch small fish by surprise.
Scorpion fish are omnivorous fish and hunt small fish, crustaceans and snails on the coral reefs. Scorpion fish are able to stun their prey with their venom before eating it. Scorpion fish also use their venomous sting to fend off unwanted predators.
The scorpion fish is a very dominant predator in its environment, and therefore the scorpion fish has very few natural predators. The human catching the scorpion fish to keep in tanks is the biggest threat to the scorpion fish along with habitat loss from the destruction of coral reefs. Large fish and sea lions are also known to hunt scorpion fish.
The female scorpion fish releases between 2,000 and 15,000 eggs into the water which are fertilised by the male scorpion fish. The scorpion fish pair then quickly hide so that their eggs can float into the ocean before being spotted by predators that eat the eggs. The scorpion fish eggs hatch in just 2 days and the tiny scorpion fish fry remain near the surface of the water until they are bigger. When the scorpion fish fry reach nearly an inch in length, they swim down into the ocean to join the reef community.
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First Published: 4th November 2009, Last Updated: 8th November 2019
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