How Deep is the Nile River?

Written by Megan Martin
Updated: May 30, 2023
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The Nile River is the longest in Africa.


The Nile River is easily one of the most iconic rivers in the entire world. Rich with history and culture, this amazing river helps keep the region where it’s found thriving in more ways than one. However, while many people know the basics, how deep is the Nile River? We will answer that question and more below.

Ready to learn just how deep the Nile River is? Let’s dive right in!

Where is the Nile River?

The Nile River runs along several countries in the northeastern part of




The Nile River stretches across the northeastern region of Africa. Here, it flows through 11 different countries: Egypt, Burundi, Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, and South Sudan.

One of the most interesting facts about the Nile River is the fact that it flows from south to north instead of the opposite! This is because of how the land is elevated. Between mountains and the equator, the south part of the region is actually at a higher elevation than the mouth, which is the Mediterranean Sea. This means that gravity causes the water to flow north, or rather, downhill! Not sure just how much higher the south part of the river is than the north? Lake Victoria is considered the source of the Nile River, and it is 3,720 feet above sea level.

The Nile River is also known as Baḥr Al-Nīl or Nahr Al-Nīl. Many refer to it as the father of all the rivers in Africa. Such a name isn’t surprising when you see how many countries the Nile River flows through!

How Deep is the Nile River?

Just like any river, the Nile River isn’t just one uniform depth. Instead, just how deep it is depends on the area. For instance, Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile River, can reach maximum depths of up to 273 feet. However, most of the Nile itself is much more shallow than this.

On average, the Nile River is anywhere from 26 to 36 feet deep. While this may not seem impressive at a glance, it is when you consider the depth of most American rivers. The Pee Dee River, for instance, only reaches depths up to around 10 feet. The Mississippi River, on average, only reaches depths up to around 12 feet, although there is one point near New Orleans that is 200 feet deep. 

Although the Nile River is easily one of the deepest rivers in the world, it’s not the deepest. Instead, first place goes to the Congo River Basin, which is 720 feet deep in some parts. That’s so deep that not even light can be seen there!

How Long is the Nile River?

Dongola, Sudan

The Nile River is one of the longest in the world.


The Nile River stretches from Lake Victoria, which borders Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya, all the way to the Mediterranean Sea. The total length of the Nile River is 4,132 miles, although it is divided into many different sections, such as the Blue and White Nile. 

Has the Nile River Changed?

Just like everything else in nature, the Nile we know today isn’t the same as the Nile the ancient civilizations knew.

Over time, its course has changed slightly, although the earth’s movement helps keep it from going west. The Nile has also gotten smaller, and the land no longer floods annually.  

The Nile River Today

Canal Nile Egypt

People depend on the Nile for drinking water and irrigation.


While many things about the Nile River have changed, one thing remains the same; the Nile is a source of life in Egypt. An estimated 95 percent of those living in Egypt rely on the Nile River, which is why protecting it is important. 

As of 2017, scientists have begun to learn more about the threats that endanger the Nile River – and thus most of the Egyptian population. One of the most notable threats is the rising sea level. As the current sea level continues to rise, it causes an increase in salt content downstream. Because many of the people in this area rely on the Nile River for drinking water as well as crop irrigation, high levels of salt are a significant worry. 

Where is the Nile River Located on a Map?

We’ve centered the map below in Khartoum because that is where the Blue Nile and the White Nile meet. The White Nile is very long itself at 2300 miles! Use the map to follow the White Nile back to Lake Albert and Lake Victoria. The Blue Nile, which originates in Lake Tana in Ethiopia, is 900 miles long. Go north from Khartoum to follow the Nile River to the Mediterranean Sea.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © AlexAnton/

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About the Author

Megan is a writer at A-Z Animals where her primary focus is birds, felines, and sharks. She has been researching and writing about animals for four years, and she holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with minors in biology and professional and technical writing from Wingate University, which she earned in 2022. A resident of North Carolina, Megan is an avid birdwatcher that enjoys spending time with her cats and exploring local zoological parks with her husband.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What's the deepest the Nile River ever was?

Believe it or not, but more than 5 million years ago the Nile River was a canyon that was deeper than the Grand Canyon is today!

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