Male vs Female Pomeranian: 5 Key Differences

Pomeranian puppy

Written by Alanna Davis

Published: September 21, 2023

Share on:


Pomeranians are friendly, sociable dogs who love to spend time with their families. They are famous for their high energy levels, which are sure to liven up any household. Owners sometimes describe them as sassy and mischievous, but above all else, they are sweet and loyal dogs. There are a few important things to know If you’ve decided to add a Pomeranian to your family, but don’t know which gender would be the best fit, you should know a few things before making that choice. Let’s discuss five key differences between the sexes that will help you determine if a male or female Pomeranian would be better suited for your home.

Male vs Female Pomeranian: Physical Differences

Although there are over 20 colors of Pomeranians, orange is the most common.


Unlike other dog breeds, male and female Pomeranians tend to grow to about the same size. Male Pomeranians are a bit more muscular whereas females are more slight in stature. Both dogs will grow to be roughly eight to 12 inches tall, and weigh about four to seven pounds each. Females will reach maturity a bit quicker than their male counterparts. However, if you’re planning on breeding your Pomeranians, it’s best to wait until both genders are at least one and a half years old at minimum to avoid health complications.

Male vs Female Pomeranian: Temperament and Personality

fox faced Pomeranian

Guinness World Records has declared a Pomeranian named Jiff the fastest dog on two legs.

©Jen Ottepka/

Both male and female Pomeranians have a reputation for being spunky, lively, and fiercely loyal. However, there are slight differences between the personalities of the two genders. Males are goofballs who love to ham it up every chance they get. They are highly sociable and enjoy spending their time around people. Curious about strangers, they are welcoming, friendly, and eager to make new friends. Female Pomeranians are more laid back and relaxed, preferring to spend time with those whom they’re familiar with. That being said, sometimes they can get carried away with this and become slightly territorial over their family. They’re more independent and require less attention than males, but they’ll have a more difficult time adjusting to new people.

Male vs Female Pomeranian: Health Differences

Pomeranian puppy

It is always a good idea to bring your Pomeranian to the vet for an annual health screening.


Both male and female Pomeranians usually face the same set of health issues. Some common ones are hip dysplasia, tracheal collapse, luxating patella, heart disease, tooth decay, and cataracts. The risk of these diseases is highly mitigated by buying your Pomeranian from a reputable breeder. Many breeders offer a health guarantee on their puppies. This means that the dog they’re selling you is healthy and unaffected by any genetic disorders to the best of their knowledge. In the event they do receive a diagnosis covered by the agreement, you will be eligible to receive a refund.

However, there are some health issues specific to the genders. Female Pomeranians are at risk for breast and uterine cancer, whereas male Pomeranians can suffer from testicular and prostate cancer. These health issues can be life-threatening and expensive to treat. Neutering or spaying your Pomeranian is the best method of preventative care.

Male vs Female Pomeranian: Relationship With Other Pets

The name “Pomeranian” comes from the region of Pomerania in northern Europe, where these dogs originate from.

©Slant6guy / CC BY-SA 3.0 – Original / License

Pomeranians are known for getting along well with other dogs. However, there is a stark difference between male and female Pomeranians when it comes to their acceptance of other pets in the home. Male Pomeranians tend to get along well with other animals, displaying a friendly curiosity when meeting someone new. Females, on the other hand, can feel insecure around other dogs. This may cause them to become protective or aggressive when they encounter a new dog. However, it’s important to note that not all females will display this behavior. It is likely that they will be slower to accept a new pet in the family than a male, but with proper training, the transition will be fine.

Male vs Female Pomeranian: Trainability

Happy white Pomeranian running in a park in Singapore, surrounded by greenery.

Pomeranians are considered a toy breed due to their small size.

©Tam and Trace Photography/

When it comes to training, the difference between the two genders is very noticeable. Although female Pomeranians reach maturity faster, they are more likely to be disobedient and require more one-on-one training from their owner. Female Pomeranians have quite a stubborn streak and an innate desire to be dominant. Despite this, it is possible to train this behavior. As long as you have their attention, keep them focused, and stay consistent, you should have a relatively easy time during training. Male Pomeranians can be distracted during training, making it more difficult to ensure their understanding. Their high energy levels and playfulness might make this a difficult task, but motivating them with food or toys can be a wonderful way of keeping their attention during a lesson.

Which is Right for Your Family?

There are several factors to take into account when deciding whether a male or female Pomeranian is right for you. In houses with high foot traffic, many pets, and owners with extra time on their hands, male Pomeranians will be best. However, if you have a quieter household with few or no other pets, females may be better suited to this environment. No matter which gender you choose, any Pomeranian is sure to bring joy and excitement to your family.

Male PomeranianFemale Pomeranian
Highly sociable with humans and animalsMore reserved personality, prefers to socialize with family
Energetic, affectionate, and clingy personalityMore independent and aloof, but still loving
Easy distractible, making training more difficultHigher focus makes training easier
Muscular buildLean build

Ready to discover the top 10 cutest dog breeds in the entire world?

How about the fastest dogs, the largest dogs and those that are -- quite frankly -- just the kindest dogs on the planet? Each day, AZ Animals sends out lists just like this to our thousands of email subscribers. And the best part? It's FREE. Join today by entering your email below.

What's the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?


If you have kids or existing dogs select:

Other Dogs

Should they be Hypoallergenic?

How important is health?
Which dog groups do you like?
How much exercise should your dog require?
What climate?
How much seperation anxiety?
How much yappiness/barking?

How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.
I want a cuddle buddy!
About average energy.
I want a dog that I have to chase after constantly!
All energy levels are great -- I just love dogs!
How much should they shed?
How trainable/obedient does the dog need to be?
How intelligent does the dog need to be?
How much chewing will allow?

Share this post on:
About the Author

Alanna is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering insects, animals, and travel. In addition to writing, she spends her time tutoring English and exploring the east end of Long Island. Prior to receiving her Bachelor's in Economics from Stony Brook University, Alanna spent much of her time studying entomology and insect biology.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.