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Coyote


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California Valley Coyote (Canis latrans ochropus) in the San Gabriel Mountains, California
Coyote
Coyote
Coyote
A coyote in Yosemite National Park, California, USA
Coyotes (prairie wolf) are native to North and Central America although they are believed to have split off from the European grey wolf. They are a species in their own right, differing from wolves in vocalization patterns, ecology, pack structure. The coyotes scientific name Canis latrans actually means barking dog.

Coyotes grow up to about 90cm in length, which is a similar size to a medium dog. The northern subspecies of coyote generally grows bigger than the southern subspecies of coyote. The Eastern coyote is the largest of all and has been found to be the result of a few remnant wolves mating with incoming coyotes in the northeastern states of the USA.

The coyote is able to reach sprinting speeds of around 40 mph which the coyote is able obtain for extended periods of time. The coyote can also jump to heights of up to 4m!

There are 19 different subspecies of recognised coyote with only 3 of these coyote subspecies found in central America. The remaining 16 subspecies of coyote can be found distributed throughout Mexico, Canada and the USA.

Historically the coyote has generally been nocturnal but now can often be seen during the day in areas where they are not persecuted by humans. In areas where they are heavily hunted and trapped they tend to remain nocturnal. Coyotes adapt very well to suburban life and can often be seen drinking out of swimming pools.

The coyote tends to reside in a burrow when its not looking for food and the coyote is more than capable of digging the burrow itself. The coyote is intelligent enough to find and inhabit an empty badger burrow if at all possible. This becomes the center of the coyotes territory which can extend to 19 km around the den. The size of the territory depends on how much food is available. Coyotes tend to associate in mated pairs, though in areas where large prey live a loose pack structure is observable. They are considerably less social than wolves and their threat displays are much more primitive. They arch their backs and gape their jaws and do not have the repertoire of facial expression the more social wolf has. The coloring of the coyote varies considerably according to location. In the northernmost parts of its range coyotes can be pale to almost white in color. In the west they tend to be a rich reddish hue with black markings. In the plains states they are plain grayish brown. The occasional black coyote is seen in the great plains states and in the eastern states; those may actually be the result of hybridization with wolves. It would take DNA analysis to be sure.


Coyote Comments (25)

abbie

"thats so awesome!!!! :D"

devon girl 99

"coyotes are soooooo CUTE!!!!!!!!!!"

karen beaird

"need pictures of coyote tracks"

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Coyote Translations

Bulgarian български език
Койот
 
Catalan Català
Coiot
 
Czech Cesky
Kojot prérijní
 
Danish Dansk
Prærieulv
 
German Deutsch
Kojote
 
English English
Coyote
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Kojoto
 
Spanish Español
Canis latrans
 
Estonian Eesti
Koiott
 
Finnish Suomi
Kojootti
 
French Français
Coyote
 
Hebrew עִבְרִית
זאב ערבות
 
Croatian Hrvatski
Kojot
 
Hungarian Magyar
Prérifarkas
 
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
Koyote
 
Italian Italiano
Canis latrans
 
Japanese 日本語
コヨーテ
 
Latin Latina
Coiotes
 
Dutch Nederlands
Coyote
 
Norwegian Norsk
Prærieulv
 
Polish Polski
Kojot
 
Portuguese Português
Coiote
 
Romanian Româna
Coiot
 
Swedish Svenska
Prärievarg
 
Turkish Türkçe
Kır kurdu
 
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Sói đồng cỏ Bắc Mỹ
 
Chinese 中文
郊狼
 

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Coyote Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Carnivora
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Canidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Canis
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Canis latrans
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
75cm - 90cm (30in - 35in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
7kg - 21kg (15lbs - 46lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
64km/h (40mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
10 - 15 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Pack
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Grey, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Fur
Favourite Food:Rabbit
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Forests, plains and deserts
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
6
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Rabbit, Mice, Deer
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Bears, Wolves
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Pointed ears and nose and a long, bushy tail

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