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Axolotl

A half year old albino axolotlAmbystoma mexicanum (axolotl) at the Steinhart Aquarium in San FranciscoAxolotlAxolotl Ambystoma mexicanumAmbystoma mexicanum (axolotl) at the Steinhart Aquarium in San Franciscowhite axolotl (ambystoma mexicanum)Albino AxolotlAxolotl
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Axolotl Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Amphibia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Caudata
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Ambystomatidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Ambystoma
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Ambystoma Mexicanum
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Amphibian
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
15cm - 45cm (6in - 18in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
60g - 200g (2oz - 7oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
17km/h (10mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
10 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, White, Pink, Grey, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Permeable
Favourite Food:Worms
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
High altitude freshwater lakes
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
500
Main Prey:Worms, Insects, Molluscs
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Birds, Fish
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Feathery gills and flattened-shaped head

Axolotl Location

Map of Axolotl Locations
Map of South America

Axolotl

The axolotl is a medium-sized amphibian that is only found in one complex of lakes that are close to Mexico City in south-central Mexico. The axolotl is today kept as a popular freshwater aquarium pet all around the world.

The axolotl is most closely related to the tiger salamander which inhabits the waters in a similar region of Mexico. However, axolotls can be easily distinguished from salamanders as the axolotl retains its tadpole-like appearance for its whole life, therefore axolotls and young tiger salamanders are easily confused.

The axolotl has a flat-shaped broad head that is much wider than the body of the axolotl. The axolotl also has feathery gills which protrude from either side of the head of the axolotl, allowing the axolotl to breath under water. As with newts and salamanders, axolotls are able to regenerate limbs that become damaged or detached meaning that axolotls have been extensively used in scientific experiments around the world.

The axolotl is most commonly found in albino form as they spend a great deal of their lives hiding under rocks and in crevices on the bottom of the lake. Although axolotls are generally white or pink in colour, black, grey and brown coloured axolotls can also be found.

The axolotl is a carnivorous animal meaning that the axolotl has a purely meat-based diet. The axolotl eats worms and insect larvae that develop under the surface of the water along with molluscs, crustaceans and some small species of fish.

Due to the bottom-dwelling lifestyle of the axolotl, it has surprisingly few natural predators despite its relatively small size. Birds and large fish are the most common predators of the axolotl along with humans who catch the axolotl to keep as pets in artificial environments.

The axolotl can live for up to 25 years although the average axolotl rarely gets much older than the age of 15. Female axolotls can lay anywhere from 100 to 1,000 eggs which are coated with a sticky substance that helps them to stick to plants and rocks in the water to keep them safe. After about a month of development, tiny axolotl babies emerge into the open water.

Today, the axolotl is considered to be a critically endangered species meaning that there are very few axolotl individuals left in the wild. Increasing levels of pollution is the most destructive factor in the survival to the axolotl with the ever-growing size of nearby Mexico City.

Axolotl Translations

български език
Ашолотъл
Dansk
Axolotl
Deutsch
Axolotl
English
Axolotl
Español
Ambystoma mexicanum
Suomi
Aksolotli
Français
Axolotl
עִבְרִית
אקסולוטל מקסיקני
Hrvatski
Aksolotl
Italiano
Ambystoma mexicanum
日本語
アホロートル
Latina
Ambystoma mexicanum
Nederlands
Axolotl
Norsk
Axolotl
Polski
Ambystoma meksykańska
Português
Ambystoma mexicanum
Svenska
Axolotl
Türkçe
Aksolotl
中文
墨西哥钝口螈

Axolotl Comments

hi
"they are very cute and they are very cool to see "
piclechu
"this is the best for my endangered animals project!"
lol
"THEY ARE SO CUTE!!!!!"
eva
"good"
BANANA DUDE
"Cute pics!"
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First Published: 18th November 2009, Last Updated: 16th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Nov 2009]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Nov 2009]
4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 18 Nov 2009]
5. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Nov 2009]

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