Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Canis lupus

Last updated: May 27, 2024
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
© MyImages - Micha/Shutterstock.com

These dogs are originally from Switzerland and were bred for their diligence in herding cattle. They get their name from herders in the Swiss Alps.


Entlebucher Mountain Dog Scientific Classification

Scientific Name
Canis lupus

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Conservation Status

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Locations

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Locations

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Facts

Fun Fact
These dogs are originally from Switzerland and were bred for their diligence in herding cattle. They get their name from herders in the Swiss Alps.
Intelligent, affectionate, stubborn
Common Name
Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Native to parts of the Swiss Alps!

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Physical Characteristics

  • Black
  • White
  • Tan
Skin Type
12 years
30kg (65lbs)

Entlebucher Mountain Dog as a Pet:

General Health
Energy Level
Tendency to Chew
Family and kid friendliness
Yappiness / Barking
Separation Anxiety
Preferred Temperature
Average climate
Exercise Needs
Friendly With Other Dogs
Pure bred cost to own
Dog group
Male weight
44-66 lbs
Female weight
44-66 lbs

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The Entlebucher mountain dogs are closely related to the Bernese mountain dogs. They get their name from herders in the Swiss Alps.

The Entlebucher mountain dogs, also known as the Entlebucher Sennenhund, are medium-sized dogs. The name Sennenhund comes from the people of the region who are called Senn. These dogs help the Senn in their work as herders in the Entlebuch region, in the canton of Lucerne, in the Swiss Alps.

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There are four Swiss mountain dogs or Sennenhunds:

During the 1800s, these dogs were very similar and not regarded as separate breeds. Through the years, though, they have developed into four different types. The Entlebucher is the smallest of the four.

Young Entlebucher Mountain Dog on the grass, playful look in the eyes

Entlebucher mountain dogs have a strong build and are active and energetic, happy to perform tasks.

©MyImages – Micha/Shutterstock.com

Entlebucher Sennenhund dogs are tricolor “laughing dogs,” and their strong build and alertness make them impressively diligent cattle movers. They are often high in spirits, and they tend to be active and energetic in their overall disposition. They find happiness in performing tasks that they are asked to do.

Health and Entertainment for your Entlebucher Mountain Dog

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These dogs can often be found in both purebred adoption centers and rescue shelters, finding a home quickly with their stubborn yet sweet personality.

3 Pros and Cons of Ownership

Athletic: If you are looking for a dog that is athletic and sturdy, this would be a perfect choice.High exercise requirements: These dogs have high exercise requirements and can get demanding in the long run.
Low grooming needs: These dogs have low grooming needs and have a short coat which is easy to maintain.Suspicious: These dogs can get extremely suspicious towards strangers. They are a mix of a stubborn and sweet nature.
Great watchdogs: These dogs make great watchdogs so if you are looking for such a dog, this would be a good choice.Barking: If you are looking for a quiet dog, this might not be your best pick as these dogs bark excessively. While training is possible, they prefer to be vocal.
Entlebucher mountain dog running on a beach


Size and Weight

The Entlebucher mountain dog is a medium-sized dog, giving them a slightly bigger build than a terrier for a sturdier appearance. The females are about 16 to 19 inches in size, while the males are about 17 to 20 inches. Meanwhile, both the female and male Entlebucher mountain dogs weigh around 44 to 66 lbs., matching each other’s weight fairly closely (with some variations).

Height (Male):17-20” tall
Height (Female):16-19” tall
Weight (male):44-66 lbs., fully grown
Weight (female):44-66 lbs., fully grown

Common Health Issues

To properly understand the Entlebucher mountain dog, there are some health risks that you need to keep in mind. Hip dysplasia is one of the most common conditions, though it is fairly typical for dogs with this body type to endure. The condition essentially means that the hip joint is not properly aligned, and it comes with old age.

Blindness is another cause for concern with the breed. More specifically, their genetics put them at risk for Progressive Retinal Atrophy, which can occur late or early in life. On average, if the dog has this genetic problem, vision will deteriorate as young as age 6 before eventually progressing to completely blindness.

With improper dieting, bloating and torsion are major risks for the Entlebucher mountain dog. This condition is common amongst dog breeds that have a deep chest, and it is caused by a certain combination of food, fluid, and air that collects in the stomach at the same time.

Therefore, some of the health issues that these dogs face are:

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Bloating


Entlebucher mountain dog standing in field

Entlebucher mountain dogs are very protective of their owners. They have sweet and stubborn personalities.

©Sandro Pavlov/Shutterstock.com

These dogs are incredibly energetic, sturdy, and tough in nature. They are great with families, especially with those who have older children. These dogs are extremely protective of their owners. They have a mix of stubborn and sweet in their personality, which is part of their appeal.

They are also affectionate and loyal towards the families that they live with. However, these dogs can turn abruptly aggressive towards strangers or other dogs.

To avoid their negative behaviors, these dogs must be introduced to social circles early on in life. The dogs, however, are stubborn and can make training a huge task for the owner. They are intelligent and can also become bored easily. Nowadays, they can be found in adoption centers and rescue shelters.


Adopting one of these pups is a big decision, and they have many needs to be met. Here are some of the things you should know before adopting an Entlebucher mountain dog:

Best Dog Food

Owing to the energy levels that these dogs have, they should be fed foods that are high in protein as well as quality. However, overfeeding could lead to a lot of health problems for your dog. Though many breeds can simply survive on the typical foods in kibble, enthusiasts recommend only feeding these dogs the foods that are recommended by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO).

Common foods that you can feed these dogs are chicken, dairy, wheat, pork, and rabbit meat. However, since Entlebucher mountain dogs can have allergies like any other dog, check with a veterinarian if they have a bad reaction.

Avoid foods like onions, garlic, and pork, as these foods generally irritate the stomach lining and cannot be processed by their digestive system.

At A-Z Animals, we believe the best dog food for Entlebucher Mountain Dogs is Holistic Select Natural Dry Dog Food, Chicken Meal & Rice Recipe.

For any dog with a sensitive digestive system, this formula is an excellent option. It has live yogurt cultures, natural fiber, prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes. The chicken dog food also offers glucosamine to protect the joints of this breed prone to hip dysplasia.

You can find this food here on Chewy or Amazon.

Best for Digestion and Gut Health
Holistic Select Adult Health Chicken Meal & Brown Rice Recipe
  • Chicken and brown rice recipe
  • Promotes balanced nutrition, immune health, and regularity
  • Contains probiotics, prebiotics, antioxidants, and dietary fiber
Check Chewy Check Amazon

Maintenance and Grooming

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs have a double layer of coat, so they shed heavily sometimes.

©Serge Renggli / Creative Commons – Original

These dogs have a double layer of coat, and although the hair is short, it could get difficult to maintain and groom these dogs. You would at least need to brush the coat once every week to remove dead hair and straighten out the coat.

Although these dogs are very clean, they can shed heavily during some seasons. A de-shedding brush found from nearly any local pet store should work, but they can be groomed by a professional, if needed. Be aware that these dogs can be aggressive with strangers, so an introduction may be helpful.

You would also need to bathe your Entlebucher mountain dogs every three months to keep it clean.


These dogs are intelligent, which means that they pick up commands quickly. However, they are sometimes also stubborn which can make training harder in the long run.

To make things easier for yourself, you could start your dog’s training early on in life so that the puppy develops good habits.


These dogs are highly energetic which means that they need a great amount of exercise. These dogs need at least one hour of exercise daily, which can be in the form of a walk, playing outside, or a trip to a local dog park.

Any lack of exercise in their routine could lead to problems like chewing non-food items, scratching on doors, and tearing up the home. They need to be stimulated, and exercise is the best way to accomplish that feat.


Entlebucher Mountain Dog puppy lying in grass

An Entlebucher mountain puppy should start its training as soon as you bring it home.

©Margarita Zhuravleva/Shutterstock.com

The Entlebucher mountain dog puppies should be trained from early on in life so that training them becomes easier with time. These dogs are also to be fed in small quantities when they are young as their small stomachs are unable to digest a lot of food in one go. Make sure to feel them multiple small meals a day to prevent regurgitation and inadequate nutrition.


These dogs are great with families that have older children. With their playful nature, children of all ages will enjoy their company. If this playful attitude isn’t properly controlled, and children aren’t taught the proper limitations, the dog may get ahead of itself without meaning to become aggressive. However, this dog likely only gets overly excited as it has more fun, so you may want to give the pup some gentle guidance for the future.

Similar Dogs

As beautiful as these dogs may be, the price or the general disposition may not be the right match for you. For anyone who still wants to adopt a new pet, here are some dogs that are similar to the Entlebucher mountain dogs:

  • Bernese mountain dogs: These dogs thrive best in cold weather and are affectionate towards the families they live with. This dog’s markings are strikingly close to that of the Entlebucher mountain dog.
  • Greater Swiss Mountain Dog: These dogs are great with children and are highly protective of the families that they live with. They are also incredibly affectionate.
  • Bullmastiff: These dogs are friendly, loyal, and affectionate towards the owner’s families. Unlike the Entlebucher mountain dog, they are fairly quiet, barely barking at all throughout the day.

Popular Names

Here are some of the popular names for these dogs:

  • Precious
  • Bella
  • Mara
  • Ginger
  • Leah

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What's the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?


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What climate?
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How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.
I want a cuddle buddy!
About average energy.
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All energy levels are great -- I just love dogs!
How much should they shed?
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How much chewing will allow?

Entlebucher Mountain Dog FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

How much does an Entlebucher Mountain Dog cost to own?

These dogs have a price tag of $1400 to $2200. The price goes up with various food and grooming, adding up to about $15000 a year.

Is the Entlebucher Mountain Dog good with kids?

These dogs are good with older kids. However, their energy levels can be harmful to younger kids.

How long does an Entlebucher Mountain Dog live?

The lifespan of these dogs is about 11-15 years.

Do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs shed?

Absolutely. Their thick coat is fairly easy to care for, but warmer months (like spring and summer) will lead to more shedding as they cool their body off.

How do you pronounce Entlebucher Mountain Dog?

German speakers pronounce it as ENT-leh-boo-cur while English speakers pronounce it as ENT-lay-boo-cur.

How long do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs live?

The lifespan of these dogs is about 11-15 years.

How big do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs get?

Females are about 16 to 19 inches in size while males are about 17 to 20 inches.

Are Entlebucher Mountain Dogs herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.

What Kingdom do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to the Kingdom Animalia.

What class do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to the class Mammalia.

What phylum to Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to the phylum Chordata.

What family do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to the family Canidae.

What order do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to the order Carnivora.

What type of covering do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs have?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs are covered in Hair.

What genus do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs belong to the genus Canis.

What is an interesting fact about Entlebucher Mountain Dogs?

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs are native to parts of the Swiss Alps!

What is the scientific name for the Entlebucher Mountain Dog?

The scientific name for the Entlebucher Mountain Dog is Canis lupus.

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