Explore 85+ Fish That Start With F (Common Names)

Written by Hannah Crawford
Updated: July 27, 2023
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We are making our way through the alphabet to discover the fish that start with each letter of the alphabet. We have finally reached the letter “F.” And we have formed an exclusive list of 85+ fish whose common names begin with “F.” 

While 85 fish may sound like a lot, in comparison to how many fish there are in the world, it is not that many. While no one can give an exact number of fish in existence, the educated guess is that there are 3.5 trillion in total. 

Let’s dive right into the ocean’s depths and start with one of the scariest-looking fish that starts with the letter “F.” 

Fangtooth (Anoplogaster spp.) 

Fangtooth Fish Isolated on White Background

The population size of the


fish is unknown.


This nightmare of a looking fish brings us to the deep sea. The fangtooth (Anoplogaster spp.) resides in the deep where the ocean depths can go as far as 2.3 miles deep

As we can see from the picture above, these fish teeth are something to be talked about. In comparison to their body size, their teeth are quite large. These teeth are estimated to be about 6 inches in length. 

The fangtooth is a carnivore that preys on smaller fish and large squid. With their gigantic teeth, this helps them to easily tear the skin of fish and eat them with ease.

Fire Eel (Mastacembelus erythrotaenia)

Fire Eel

The fire eel will live about 10-20 years.

©Cheng Wei/Shutterstock.com

The fire eel (Mastacembelus erythrotaenia) of the family Mastacembelidae resides in rivers and lakes. They can be found in various locations worldwide, such as Southeast Asia, Laos, Vietnam, Pakistan, and Malaysia, to name a few.

This eel reaches lengths of 20-40 inches long and heights of four inches. As omnivores, they feast on bloodworms, shrimp, invertebrates, and small fish. 

What helps to set the fire eel apart from other eels is that they are very colorful. They will often have red stripes on their scales.

Flathead Catfish (Pylodictis olivaris)

Two flathead catfish on bottom of the river floor.

The flathead


are nocturnal fish. Which means that they are active during the night.


As you can imagine with the name flathead catfish, this catfish does indeed have a flat head. 

Flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris) reside in Central and North America. 

Their physical appearance is brown, yellow, and white color. Their underbellies are an off-white shade. 

The flathead catfish is known for its predatory status in the waters, meaning it has a very high aggression level. Because of this, the flathead catfish do not have predators outside their species, and when humans catch them.

Florida Gar (Lepisosteus platyrhincus)

Florida gar swimming in an aquarium

The Florida garfish produces toxic eggs that work as a repellent against predators.

©Oyek Photo/Shutterstock.com

Easily resembling an alligator, the Florida gar (Lepisosteus platyrhincus) can be found in North America. 

This slender-looking fish can weigh as much as 10 pounds and reach up to 1.3 meters (52 inches long). Their scales are brown, black, white, and green in appearance. 

Oddly enough, for looking like an alligator, this fish’s predators are indeed alligators, along with birds and humans. 

As carnivores, the Florida gar is famous for preying on fish, shrimp, and crayfish. They live in a group called a school setting which makes it easy for them to prey on their food. 

Flounder (Paralichthys)

This flat flounder fish can remain still for an extended period to trick potential prey.

©iStock.com/Getty Images

This flat-looking fish is called a flounder (Paralichthys) weighs as much as 22 pounds and can be anywhere from 8.7-23.6 inches long. 

They reside in habitats close to docks, bridges, or reefs in the ocean. Due to the numerous flounders, their exact population is unknown. Because of this, their conservation status is not dangered, and their population is of the least concern. 

This fish will feast on shrimp, crabs, and other types of fish. The predators who prey on flounders are sharks, eels, and even humans. 

Flowerhorn Fish (Amphilophus hybrid)

Blue Flowerhorn Cichlid in a beautiful aquarium.

The flowerhorn fish is a freshwater fish.


This next fish is an odd-looking fellow. He is shaped to fit the common name given to him as the flowerhorn fish (Amphilophus hybrid). And as we can see, and the name that gives it away, this fish has a horn shape on top of his head. Perhaps we could call him the unicorn of the sea?

The flowerhorn fish of the family Cichlidae weighs only one pound and reaches up to 16 inches long. They are colorful in their appearance and can be red, blue, black, white, green, or orange in appearance. 

This fish preys on shrimp, worms, insects, and plant matter as an omnivore. The predators for this fish pretty much cover other larger fish in the area. 

Fluke Fish, summer flounder, (Paralichthys dentatus)

Fluke fish close up

The fluke fish can change colors to camouflage itself.

©Shutterstock Media/Shutterstock.com

The fluke fish, or another common name the summer flounder, (Paralichthys dentatus) of the family Paralichthyidae can be found from Florida to Nova Scotia even. During winter, the fluke fish will dive further into the deep sea. 

These rather drab-looking fish are brown. Oddly enough, they can camouflage themselves well in the water because of their color. They can reach up to 20 pounds and grow to lengths of three feet. 

These flounders will enjoy a wide variety of food, such as crabs, squid, shrimp, anchovies, and other flounders. Sharks, rays, and monkfish regularly hunt the fluke fish. 

Football Fish (Himantolophidae)

Pacific Football Fish also know as Himantolophus sagamius. The football fish possesses a large, round or oval-shaped body that resembles a football.

Pacific Football Fish also known as Himantolophus sagamius. The football fish possesses a large, round, or oval-shaped body that resembles a football.


Perhaps we spoke a little too quickly when we said the fangtooth fish at the start of this article was the top nightmarish-looking fish with the letter “F.” The football fish (Himantolophidae) would probably tie places with the fangtooth in that department.

As its name suggests, this fish’s head is shaped oblong like a football. Not only are they shaped like it, but they are also brown and black in appearance as well. 

These fish weigh approximately 24 pounds and have various sizes from 1-24 inches long. The football fish prey on fish, crustaceans, and squid. Regarding predators, other football fish, sharks, and whales will hunt and eat them.

Flying Fish (Exocoetidae)

Flying fish taking off from the ocean surface.

Flying fish have wings that help them to glide across the water with ease.

©Agami Photo Agency/Shutterstock.com

In case you were wondering, yes, the flying fish (Exocoetidae) can fly. Well, more like gliding in the air for a while before it goes back down. 

These beautiful-looking fish come in sun-glistening colors like blue, silver, white, and black. They weigh up to two pounds and can reach anywhere from 6-20 inches long.

These omnivores will enjoy feasting on small fish, crustaceans, and plankton. Those who would hunt and eat flying fish are a variety of animals such as marlins, tuna, squid, porpoises, birds, and, yes, even humans.

Freshwater Jellyfish (Craspedacusta sowerbyi)

freshwater jellyfish



live in a colony.

©Rostislav Stefanek/Shutterstock.com

This freshwater jellyfish (Craspedacusta sowerbyi) has the appearance of being very clear. Its colors, though, are truly white and sometimes green. 

These small jellyfish weigh approximately 0.11-0.18 ounces and are 0.20-1 inch long. There is no fear of this fish going extinct as there is an estimated population that is well into the millions worldwide.

Due to their size, the jellyfish typically just eat zooplankton and copepods to sustain themselves. Because they can poison and paralyze their prey, fish tend to avoid these little guys. 

The Largest Fish That Starts With the Letter “F”

Bull shark in Florida

Bull sharks are aggressive.

©Harry Collins Photography/Shutterstock.com

While there are many large fish in the ocean, the largest of all being the famous whale shark. However, we are turning our attention to which is the largest fish that starts with the letter “F.” As we scoured and researched, our findings ended on the freshwater bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas).

This shark, more commonly known as a bull shark, can survive in both fresh and saltwater. These sharks can grow to be eight feet long and weigh 290 pounds. Interestingly enough, females outweigh the males by about 80 pounds.

The bull shark will reside in rivers and lakes all over the world. They can be found in Massachusetts, Brazil, Morocco, and Angola, to name a few. 

This solitary hunter will prey on bony fish, other sharks, and even their species of bull sharks. 

Now that we have looked at these two amazing fish that start with the letter “F,” let’s take a deeper look into 85+ fish that start with the letter “F” with both their common and scientific names

Complete List of 85+ Fish That Start With the Letter “F”

Common Name (Fish that start with “F”)Scientific Name
False trevallyLactarius lactarius
Fire gobyNemateleotris magnifica
False catsharkPseudotriakis microdon
Fathead sculpinPsychrolutidae
FeatherbackNotopterus notopterus
False brotulaParabrotulidae
False morayKaupichthys hyoproroides
FierasferSaurenchelys fierasfer
Frigate mackerelAuxis thazard
Flabby whale fishCetomimidae
Freshwater sharkCarcharhinus leucas
Frogmouth catfishChaca
Freshwater hatchetfishGasteropelecidae
Frilled sharkChlamydoselachus anguineus
Flashlight fishAnomalopidae
Finback cat sharkProscylliidae
Flying fishExocoetidae
Flying gurnardDactylopterus volitans
FlierCentrarchus macropterus
FlounderParalichthys dentatus
FlagblennyEmblemariopsis carib
Freshwater eelAnguillidae
FlagfinPterronotropis signipinnis
Forehead brooderKurtus
FlagfishJordanella floridae
Four-eyed fishAnableps
FirefishPterois volitans
Fusilier fishCaesionidae
Flathead catfishPylodictis olivaris
French angelfishPomacanthus paru
Fire bar danioDevario maetaengensis
False cat shark            Pseudotriakis microdon
Fire EelMastacembelus erythrotaenia
Florida GarLepisosteus platyrhincus
Flounder FishParalichthys dentatus
Flowerhorn FishAmphilophus hybrid
Fluke Fish (summer flounder)Paralichthys dentatus
Football FishHimantolophidae
Freshwater DrumAplodinotus grunniens
Freshwater JellyfishCraspedacusta sowerbyi
Freshwater Sunfish        Centrarchidae
Firemouth cichlidThorichthys meeki
Fairy cichlidNeolamprologus brichardi
False Bumblebee CatfishPseudomystus stenomus
Fathead BichirPolypteridae
Feather-Barbel CatfishOpsodoras stuebelii
FeatherfinSynodontis eupterus
Featherfin SynodontisSynodontis eupterus
FestivumMesonauta festivus
Fighting LoachNemacheilus selangoricus
Figure Eight Pufferfish Tetraodon biocellatus
Filament TetraBryconaethiops microstoma
Fire StingrayPotamotrygon henlei
Fire TailEpalzeorhynchus bicolor
Fire-Tailed GudgeonHypseleotris galii
Five-Banded BarbBarbus pentazona
Five-Bar CichlidNeolamprologus tretocephalus
Five-Spot African CichlidThysochromis ansorgii
Flag CichlidLaetacara curviceps
Flag-Tailed CatfishDianema urostriata
Flag-Tailed CorydorasCorydoras robineae
Flame TetraHyphessobrycon flammeus
Flat-Whiskered CatfishPinirampus pirinampu
Fly River RainbowfishMelanotaenia sexlineata
Flying FoxEpalzeorhynchus kallopterus
Fly-Speckled HardyheadCraterocephalus stercusmuscarum
Fork Tailed LamprologusNeolamprologus furcifer
Four-Barred TigerfishDatnioides quadrifasciatus
Four-Spine CichlidNeolamprologus tetracanthus
Four-Stripe JulieJulidochromis regani
Freiberg’s PeacockAulonocara jacobfreibergi
Freiberg’s Peacock CichlidAulonocara jacobfreibergi
Freidrichsthal’s Cichlid“Cichlasoma” freidrichsthalii
Freshwater BarracudaCtenolucius hujeta
Freshwater Bat FishMyxocyprinus asiaticus
Freshwater Moray EelEchidna rhodochilus
Freshwater RayPotamotrygon hystrix
Frontosa Cichlid  Cyphotilapia frontosa

The photo featured at the top of this post is © luis2499/Shutterstock.com

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About the Author

Hannah Crawford is a writer at A-Z Animals where she focuses on reptiles, mammals, and locations in Africa. Hannah has been researching and writing about animals and various countries for over eight years. She holds a Bachelors Degree in Communication\Performance Studies from Pensacola Christian College, which she earned in 2015. Hannah is a resident in Florida, and enjoys theatre, poetry, and growing her fish tank.

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