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Bandicoot

Southern Brown BandicootWestern Barred Bandicoot (Perameles bougainville)Northern Brown Bandicoot (Isoodon macrourus), Queensland, AustraliaLong-Nosed Bandicoot (Perameles nasuta)
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Bandicoot Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Peramelemorphia
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Peramelidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Perameles
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Perameles
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Omnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
28cm - 81cm (11in - 32in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
0.2kg - 1.6kg (0.4lbs - 3.5lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
24km/h (15mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
3-7 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Grey, Black, White, Brown, Tan, Gold
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Insects
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Forest, rainforest and jungle
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
4
Main Prey:Insects, Fruit, Seeds
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Foxes, Snakes, Wildcats
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Pointed snout and long, thin tail

Bandicoot Location

Map of Bandicoot Locations
Map of Oceania

Bandicoot

The bandicoot is a small-sized marsupial found across Australia. There are eleven known species of bandicoot found in the Australian wilderness, and despite its rat-like appearance, the bandicoot is thought to be more closely related to a rabbit.

The bandicoot is natively found on the Australian mainland and its surrounding islands. Due to their small size, bandicoots can be an easy target for hungry predators and are therefore found in more overgrown habitats including forests, swamps and thickets where there are plenty of places to hide.

Bandicoots are very similar in appearance to the rat as they have long, pointed heads and snouts and a short and compact body with a long, thin tail. Despite this though, bandicoots are about the size of a rabbit and use their powerful hind legs to hop around in the same way. The average sized bandicoot is about 50cm including its tail although male bandicoots are often double the size of the females.

The bandicoot is a nocturnal animal meaning that it spends the daytime hours sheltering in bushland and along creek beds, coming out under the cover of night in order to hunt for food. Bandicoots are also very solitary animals, generally only coming together to mate.

The bandicoot is an omnivorous animal meaning that its diet is made up of both plant and animal matter. The bandicoot primarily hunts for and feeds on insects which it finds scuttling around in the leaves or just below the surface of the ground. Bandicoots also nibble on fruits, berries, nuts, seeds, eggs and even small rodents when they are in search of food.

Due to its relatively small size, the bandicoot has a number of natural predators in its environment including large birds, foxes, snakes and wildcats. Dingoes and pythons are the most common predators of the bandicoot across Australia.

The bandicoot is a marsupial meaning that the female bandicoot has a nursing pouch on her belly in which to nurse her developing young. Bandicoots have one of the shortest gestation periods of all mammals, with the young being born just 12 days after conception. Female bandicoots usually give birth to a litter of 3 - 6 young who continue to develop in their mother's pouch until they are strong enough to venture into the outside world.

Sadly today, seven out of the eleven known bandicoot species are considered to be either critically endangered or extinct. The decline in bandicoot numbers has been a direct result of both habitat loss and the introduction of small carnivores such as cats, with the European settlers.

Bandicoot Translations

Català
Bàndicut de musell llarg
Cesky
Bandikut nosatý
English
Long-nosed Bandicoot
Français
Perameles nasuta
Magyar
Hosszúorrú bandikut
Italiano
Perameles nasuta
Nederlands
Spitsneusbuideldas
Polski
Jamraj zwyczajny
Português
Perameles nasuta

Bandicoot Comments

jacob
"It gave me more than enough information for my essay. Thank you for supplying this incredible resource."
Anonymous
"Had all the information I needed for a project I was doing thanks."
doris
"I live on a 1/2 acre block & have several bandicoots running around. They are quite tame & my husband & I feed them when they come to the front door - they love salt free peanuts, gingernuts & or milk arrowroot biscuits & grated cheese. Their eyesight is poor but they have very sharp little teeth which latch onto your finger when given the chance. We also feed the birds & they happily mingle. "
ryan jones
"all info awesome!!!!"
Harry
"Seems I have a bandicoot in my backyard, suburban Sydney, Northern Beaches. Very happy about this. What should I do to make it happy to stay. Makes little holes in my lawn. Have only caught a glimpse of this little native early one evening."
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First Published: 17th May 2010, Last Updated: 16th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 17 May 2010]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 17 May 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 17 May 2010]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 17 May 2010]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 17 May 2010]

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