Canis lupus

Last updated: May 27, 2024
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
Shannon Y/

The Beauceron is named after the place of its origin (Beauce) in France


Beauceron Scientific Classification

Scientific Name
Canis lupus

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Beauceron Conservation Status

Beauceron Locations

Beauceron Locations

Beauceron Facts

Name Of Young
Fun Fact
The Beauceron is named after the place of its origin (Beauce) in France
Most Distinctive Feature
hind double dewclaws
Loyal, gentle, and energetic
Litter Size
6-7 puppies
Common Name

Beauceron Physical Characteristics

  • Black
  • Tan
  • Multi-colored
Skin Type
10-12 years

Beauceron as a Pet:

General Health
Energy Level
Tendency to Chew
Family and kid friendliness
Yappiness / Barking
Separation Anxiety
Preferred Temperature
Average climate
Exercise Needs
Friendly With Other Dogs
Pure bred cost to own
$1,200 to $1,500 on average
Dog group
Male weight
70-110 lbs
Female weight
70-110 lbs

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The Beauceron is also nicknamed the Bas Rouge, which generally translates to red stockings, because of the small red accents in the fur.

The Beauceron (also known as the Berger de Beauce or the Bas Rouge) is a French herding dog that originated in the late Middle Ages from the agricultural region southwest of Paris, France. Over its long history, this breed has played many roles, including a soldier, bodyguard, shepherd, police dog, search and rescue dog, and companion. When herding livestock, its preferred strategy is to remain wide of the herd or flock, rather than up close, to avoid scaring or spooking them. This breed is known as one of the breeds that was used to create the Doberman Pinscher.

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The Beauceron’s physical features include an athletic frame, a long and prominent snout, naturally floppy ears, and double dewclaws on the back legs. The short and thick double coat of fur, which consists of a hard outer coat and a woolly undercoat, is normally colored black and tan with an occasionally mottled appearance known as a harlequin. The harlequin coat mixes black, white/gray, and tan together in a fascinating mottled package. The ears are sometimes made straight and erect by cropping them, but this practice is no longer allowed in many countries.

3 Pros And Cons Of Owning A Beauceron

Highly Athletic: The Beauceron is great for active and athletic owners.High Physical and Mental Needs: Owners should expect to spend a lot of time with this dog.
Alert and Protective: This breed makes for a very good watchdog.Lots of Shedding: Especially in the shedding season, the fur tends to get on your clothing, furniture, and carpet.
Obedient: This breed is very responsive to its owner’s commands.Reserved with Strangers: The Beauceron is generally respectful but may take some time to warm up around strangers.
Beauceron resting in the grass
Beaucerons are highly athletic. This breed is best suited for owners that can devote a lot of time to exercise.

Size And Weight

The Beauceron is a fairly large dog with a muscular and athletic frame and tall shoulder height.

Height (Male):25.5 to 27.5 inches
Height (Female):24 to 26.5 inches
Weight (Male):70 to 110 pounds
Weight (Female):70 to 110 pounds

Common Health Issues

Beauceron laying by stone wall

The Beauceron is prone to allergies and cardiomyopathy so regular vet checkups are important.

Health and Entertainment for your Beauceron

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While the Beauceron does have a good lifespan of around 10 to 12 years, it is prone to developing several health problems, including allergies (beef, milk, cereals, chickens, etc), eye conditions, cancer, an enlarged heart condition called dilated cardiomyopathy, a defective cartilage condition called osteochondritis dissecans, and a developmental disorder called canine hip dysplasia, in which the hip joint comes loose from the socket. Another potentially dangerous condition is called gastric dilation or simply bloating for short. This occurs often in breeds with deep chest cavities when excess gas causes the stomach to swell up and then twist and turn. Symptoms include excess salivation, retching or vomiting, a swollen abdomen, shortness of breath, and a rapid heart rate. If this occurs, seek medical attention immediately, because it can lead to life-threatening complications.

To improve your dog’s overall quality of life, a veterinarian should perform annual examinations to check for common health issues. Avoiding many of these conditions by doing business with trusted breeders is possible. If asked, they should provide proof that they’ve given their dogs a thorough health evaluation. In summation, these are the most common health problems with this breed:

  • Allergies
  • Eye conditions
  • Cancer
  • Bloating


The Beauceron is a smart, spirited, fearless, and gentle breed. While not necessarily given to overindulgent signs of affection, they are quite friendly and like to stick close to their owner. They also tend to encroach on your personal space by crawling up in your lap or jumping on you if not properly trained (which, given their size, can be quite difficult to deal with). Because of their wariness of strangers, loyal temperament, and strong herding instincts, they generally make good watchdogs and guardians around the home.

They also have very high physical and mental needs and should not be left alone for hours at a time. If left to its own devices, the Beauceron might cause some destruction in your home.

How To Take Care Of The Beauceron

The most important thing to keep in mind with any Beauceron is the amount of time you will need to spend attending to its mental and physical needs. For this reason, it is probably not a good choice for casual dog owners. Prior dog experience is recommended but not necessarily required. These dogs do prefer plenty of space as well. It may do okay in an apartment, but you need to make sure there is a yard or park around your home to ensure it has enough exercise and playtime.

The Best Dog Food For Beaucerons

This dog will probably need around 2.5 cups of food per day, although the exact amount will depend on its size, age, and activity level. Meals should be divided up throughout the day and kept separate from exercise time to reduce the possibility of life-threatening bloat.

Another consideration is the breed’s propensity for allergies. Fortunately, there are many limited-ingredient and allergy-control diets out there to alleviate food sensitivities in dogs.

In our opinion at A-Z Animals, the best dog food for Beaucerons is Natural Balance Limited Ingredient Diet | Large-Breed Adult Dry Dog Food with Healthy Grains.

With lamb, a great alternative protein source as the main ingredient, this food is a good source of taurine and Vitamin A, important nutrients for maintaining healthy eyes and clear vision. The whole grain brown rice in this recipe provides excellent fiber as a digestive aid.

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  • Lamb and brown rice formula for adult dogs
  • Balanced nutrition for healthy bones, joints, and teeth
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Maintenance And Grooming

Beauceron dogs laying together

Beaucerons generally need no more than weekly grooming, with the exception of shedding season.

Owners will need to set aside a good deal of time every week for grooming and maintenance. For most of the year, the Beauceron should require no more than weekly grooming with a medium bristle brush and mitts or gloves. When the shedding season begins, however, grooming should take place almost daily to remove all of the loose and dead hair around the coat. Bathing should occasionally be done to clean its fur, but not too often to strip away natural oils.

Another important aspect of its care should be regular nail trimmings every month or so to prevent them from clicking on the floor, which can be uncomfortable for your dog. Clean out the ears on occasion with a simple cotton swab and cleansing solution. Finally, brush their teeth regularly with a kind of appropriate dog-specific toothpaste.


Owners should have few problems with training this breed. Intelligent, responsive, and obedient, the Beauceron can learn a vast number of different commands and rules in a short amount of time. However, because of their sensitive nature, they do not respond very well to negative or harsh training methods. Owners should strive to be consistent, positive, and fair while training this breed.


The seemingly endless motor is one of the most notable features of the Beauceron. It will probably require at least an hour of vigorous exercise every day in the form of long walks, fetching, running, and playtime. It also excels at flyball, tracking, agility trials, obedience events, and herding.


Beauceron puppies are known for being a little over-exuberant; they like to jump on people and grab things in their mouths. These behaviors need to be discouraged early on if you want to prevent them from developing bad habits later on as an adult. Puppies will need to undergo a thorough process of training and socialization in their first few months of age. Daycare, professional training programs, and visits to the dog park can all help in this regard.

Crate training is also a very useful tactic. While it is not strictly necessary, a crate can help your puppy adapt to its new home and also with housebreaking.

Beauceron puppy playing
Beauceron puppies are very fun and loving. However, given their size, they must be watched closely around children.

The Beauceron And Children

While this isn’t the most affectionate breed, the Beauceron does enjoy being around children. Especially if it’s raised with kids from an early age, it will be very loyal and protective of them. The one thing to look out for is their size. Since these dogs are very physical, they might knock down or disturb younger children. Adults should always supervise interactions between your dog and your children.

Dogs Similar To The Beauceron

The Beauceron bears a very strong resemblance to the following breeds of herding dogs:

  • Briard: The Briard is a large herding dog that originated from the Brie region near Paris. It is characterized by long, wavy, and shaggy hair with solid black, fawn, and gray and blue colors accepted. While it might be hard to tell under all that hair, the Briard is actually a close relative of the Beauceron.
  • Rottweiler: People who have never seen a Beauceron before will sometimes mistake it for a Rottweiler or Rottweiler mix. With the Rottweiler’s massive size, strong herding instincts, short but thick double coat of fur, and black and tan color scheme, it’s easy to see how someone can make that mistake.
  • Berger Picard: This large herding dog, which originated from the Picardy region of France, looks a lot like the Briard thanks to the long shaggy hair, colored fawn or brindle. It is lively, intelligent, easy-going, sensitive, assertive, and a little reserved around strangers.

Famous Beauceron Dogs

The Beauceron is best known in its native France, where it’s been kept by celebrities and famous cultural figures. Writer and actress Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette, who wrote the 1944 novella “Gigi,” once owned a Beauceron. This breed has also made a small impact on the international scene as well. It has been featured in numerous films, including the 1979 Bond movie “Moonraker” and the 2002 Martin Scorsese film “Gangs of New York.”

If you’re still unsure about what to name your new Beauceron, then you might want to consider the following (mostly French-inspired) options:

  • Beau
  • Hugo
  • Juliette
  • Pepper
  • Jacques
  • Pierre
  • Giselle
  • Remy
  • Sophie
  • Tintin

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What's the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?


If you have kids or existing dogs select:

Other Dogs

Should they be Hypoallergenic?

How important is health?
Which dog groups do you like?
How much exercise should your dog require?
What climate?
How much seperation anxiety?
How much yappiness/barking?

How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.
I want a cuddle buddy!
About average energy.
I want a dog that I have to chase after constantly!
All energy levels are great -- I just love dogs!
How much should they shed?
How trainable/obedient does the dog need to be?
How intelligent does the dog need to be?
How much chewing will allow?
About the Author

Melissa Bauernfeind was born in NYC and got her degree in Journalism from Boston University. She lived in San Diego for 10 years and is now back in NYC. She loves adventure and traveling the world with her husband but always misses her favorite little man, "P", half Chihuahua/half Jack Russell, all trouble. She got dive-certified so she could dive with the Great White Sharks someday and is hoping to swim with the Orcas as well.

Beauceron FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is a Beauceron?

The Beauceron is a large-sized French herding breed with a gentle and loyal temperament. Some of its physical features include a long snout, a double dewclaw on the legs, and a short but dense coat of black and tan or sometimes harlequin colors.

Are Beaucerons good family dogs?

Yes, the Beauceron does make for a quality family dog. It is gentle, loyal, obedient, and generally friendly.

What breeds make up a Beauceron?

The Beauceron is made up of only a single breed.

How much do Beaucerons cost?

The price of a new puppy will probably average somewhere between $1,200 and $1,500, perhaps more for a dog with an excellent pedigree. While this may seem expensive, the price also ensures the dog comes from good stock and the breeders have performed a thorough health evaluation. If this is outside of your price range, however, then you might want to consider adoption. The price of adoption is probably no more than around $300. Some adopted dogs may have health and behavioral issues, but all they need is a good home to thrive in. The biggest problem is that this breed might be a little difficult to find without a thorough search due to its rarity outside of France.

What is the pronunciation for Beauceron?

The pronunciation is Bow-sir-on. Don’t worry if your pronunciation isn’t in perfect French. Any accent will do.

How rare are Beauceron dogs?

The Beauceron is fairly obscure outside of France, but there are plenty of good breeders and rescue programs around the world devoted to this particular breed.

What are the key differences between Beauceron and Doberman?

The main differences between the Beauceron and the Doberman are coat, appearance, and personality.

The Doberman has a much more diverse range of colors than the Beauceron, which rarely strays from the popular black and tan combination. There is also a noticeable difference in their personalities which stems from the Beacueron’s history as a livestock dog compared to the Doberman’s history in providing humans with protection.

What are the key differences between Beauceron and German Shepherd?

The key difference between a Beauceron and a German Shepherd is temperament. Shepherds tend to be more affectionate and easy to train, while Beaucerons are more independent.

Other important differences include size, appearance, lifespan, trainability, energy level, grooming needs, and drooling level.

What are the key differences between Beauceron and Rottweiler?

The key difference between a Beauceron and a Rottweiler is temperament. While Rotties are more protective and make better guard dogs, Beaucerons tend to be more reserved around strangers.

Other differences include size, appearance, lifespan, trainability, grooming, shedding, drooling, energy level, and barking level.

What are the key differences between Beauceron and Belgian Malinois?

The key difference between the Beauceron and Belgian Malinois is their size. Beaucerons are quite larger!

Other differences between these breeds include coat color, lifespan, temperament, trainability, energy level, grooming needs, and shedding level.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.


  1. American Kennel Club / Accessed September 15, 2021
  2. American Beauceron Club / Accessed September 15, 2021