Animals In France

Updated: March 5, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of French animals. We currently track 307 animals in France and are adding more every day!

France is a large Western European country that shares land borders with Spain, Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, and the Mediterranean Sea. Before it became a united country, the land was held under the sway of the Romans and the Celts. The French ecosystem is largely composed of forests, plains, and light hills, while several mountain ranges and inactive volcanoes, including the vast Pyrenees and Alps, extend across the southern parts of the country. This article will only cover the wildlife of mainland France and not its overseas territories.

The Official National (State) Animal Of France

Gallic Rooster

A Gallic


became an enduring symbol of the french republic.

©Eric Isselee/

The official animal of France is the Gallic rooster. The use of this animal actually stems in part from a linguistic accident. The Latin words for rooster and Gaul (the historical region of France in Roman times) were both the same: gallus. Over the centuries, the image of the crowing rooster (featured in the Gospel accounts of the crucifixion of Jesus) became bound up with Catholic symbolism in France. Starting with the French Revolution, it later became an enduring symbol of the republic.

Since 1848, the rooster has been seen on the seal of the Republic and has been the emblem for French sports teams in international events and acting as the mascot. The Gallic rooster is a male chicken with a red waddle and crown, a rust-to-orange back, and raised blue tail feathers. It is believed that he symbolizes bravery, virility, and boldness.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In France

France contains 11 national parks and many smaller regional reserves, which encompass more than 10,000 square miles and around 30% of all French land. Here’s a short sample of them.

Pyrenees National Park is 177 square miles of scenic landscape that includes waterfalls, granite rock faces, and large mountain ranges. You will also find a multitude of wild animals. The most famous might be the golden eagle. The bird of prey is considered to be more elusive than a vulture, spending hours, even perhaps days, sitting motionless on a high perch where they are virtually impossible to see. They are very territorial birds and are known to carry off prey that is larger than themselves.

The Most Dangerous Animals In France Today

France is home to a few venomous animals that may pose a risk to people’s health.

  • Asp Viper – A relatively long snake with grey, brown, and black skin, the asp viper is native to an unbroken stretch of territory between Spain and Italy. The snake is not particularly aggressive, but symptoms of its potent venom include pain, dizziness, blurred vision, and tissue death. Approximately 4% of all untreated bites eventually prove to be fatal.
  • Common European Adder – While not exactly the most toxic snake, this adder is quite common throughout Europe, and so bites happen on a frequent basis. Symptoms of its bite include intense pain, swelling, tingling, and blistering. Rarely, victims may experience nausea, vomiting, fever, loss of consciousness, and more. Complete cardiovascular failure may occur in very rare cases.
  • Portuguese man o’ war – Sometimes found off the coast of France, this unique relative of the jellyfish has a powerful sting that can cause painful red welts on the skin. Fever, cardiac distress, difficulty breathing, and even death can rarely occur.
  • Weever fish – Present in the waters of the coastline of mainland France, the weever spends most of its time buried under the sand. Just their backfin and venomous stingers are showing. France has large and small weever fish.

Portuguese man o’ war is a siphonophore, which is closely related to the jellyfish. The man o’ war is comprised of a colony of specialized, genetically identical individuals called zooids that all have various forms and functions, and that work as one unit. The tentacles contain stinging capsules loaded with coiled, barbed tubes that distribute venom capable of paralyzing and killing small fish and crustaceans. Although the man o’ war’s sting is rarely deadly to people, it is extremely painful and causes welts on exposed skin. It is still able to sting even after having been washed on shore for weeks.

Asp viper, Vipera aspis in nature. The Asp has a broad, triangular head that almost looks like the head of a cobra.

The Asp has a broad, triangular head that almost looks like the head of a cobra.

©Pedro Luna/

Asp Vipers, found in all areas of France with the exception of the extreme north and northeast regions, have a penchant for stone walls, sunny slopes, dry locations, and similar habitats. A relatively small snake, they can grow up to 2 feet in length and live between 4 to 10 years.

Endangered Animals In France

While the French government does make a considerable effort to protect many endangered species, several animals are still at risk of becoming extinct:

  • European Rabbit – This species is endemic to southern France and the Iberian Peninsula (one particular subspecies of the European rabbit is only found in the marshes of Camargue). It was later introduced into other parts of the world, where it had a negative effect on some local wildlife. However, this species is endangered in its original habitat from a combination of overhunting, habitat loss, and diseases.
  • Mehely’s Horseshoe Bat – This species of bat prefers to roost in limestone caves near large bodies of water. However, the disturbances and destruction of its roosting sites have caused numbers to decline. It is not known whether this species is extinct in France.
  • Pyrenean Desman – Closely related to the moles and shrews, the desman is a small semi-aquatic mammal with a long snout, a long, flattened tail, and sharp claws for digging. While this unique species is still listed as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List, the desman is very rare in France. It only lives in the Pyrenees Mountains near the border with Spain.
  • Iberian Lynx – This wild cat species was more common across southwest Europe in the 20th century. But overhunting, habitat loss, disease, and the decline of its main prey have all conspired to make the Iberian lynx endangered. It may now be completely extinct from mainland France.

The Iberian Lynx, endemic to southwestern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula, is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red list. They typically stand at 2.3 feet and have a length of 3.6 feet. The Iberian Lynx is slightly larger than the lynx, with weights of 21 pounds for females and 28 pounds for males. They are fast runners, averaging speeds of 50 miles per hour. Due to the decrease in its main prey, the rabbit, being caught in rabbit snares, illegal hunting, and car accidents, this lynx is on the brink of extermination.

The Rarest Animals In France

The Angel shark also referred to as the monkfish, is greenish-brown, reddish, or gray with small black and white patches located all over its body. They have large pectoral fins and look like a ray. They are commonly found in the waters off of the Mediterranean and Northern Europe. This shark likes to lie in wait along the sandy bottom until their prey, which consists of mollusks, skates, and crustaceans, comes along.

Currently listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, there are numerous causes. Due to increased tourism activities, there is a loss of habit, and the increase in fishing activities, which includes long lines and nets, hurts their outlook.

The Largest Animal In France

The Pyrean bear is the largest animal in France. While their population has declined, with numbers having dropped from over 200 to about an estimated less than 20, these bears are now located in the western French Pyrenees, in an area that includes a National Park. Pyrean bears weigh between 250 to 770 pounds and have average heights of 5.7 feet to over 7 feet tall.

National Parks In France

Mercantour National Park

Mercantour National Park


France is a beautiful country with natural wonders. Although many people travel to France to experience the romantic city of Paris, there is much more to do in 11 of the country’s national parks. From the French Alps to the Mediterranean coast, from the Indian Ocean to French Guiana to the Caribbean Sea, discover France’s diverse Alpine forests, mountains, and rainforests.

Mercantour National Park was created in 1979 and is located in the departments of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Alpes-Maritimes. There are more than 274 square miles of parkland to discover over 2,000 species of plants and a multitude of wildlife, that includes wolves, red and roe deer, rabbits, buzzards, and the famous golden eagles. The national park has numerous guided trails for hiking, with Verdon Gorge being the most popular not only for its close location to the French Riviera but also because it has many opportunities for rock climbers.

Vanoise National Park is located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and is situated between the Tarentaise and Maurienne valleys in the French Alps, bordered by Gran Paradiso National Park in Italy, which is its “twin”. This was officially created in 1963 and became the first National Park of France. There are over 218,000 acres of parkland to enjoy, filled with wetlands, streams, forests, cliffs, rock ridges, lakes, and streams. The park is considered to be in a protected zone, which has preserved the landscape and allowed the wildlife to roam free. Vanoise National Park can be enjoyed year-round.

Rivers In France

The Loire River is the largest river contained within the borders of France

© Campos

France is home to hundreds of rivers and streams cutting across its countryside. While rivers like the Seine and the Rhône are most famous internationally, the country is also home to a number of other rivers with stunning natural settings and wildlife. Let’s take a peek at some notable rivers in France:

  • Loire River – Home to 165 species of birds (64% of nesting bird species in France) and 57 species of fish.
  • Garonne River – The last remaining breeding ground for the critically endangered European sea sturgeon.
  • Dordogne Rover – Features wildlife like sturgeons, salmon, otters, swans, cormorants, egrets, and kingfishers.

At a length of 625 miles, the Loire River is the longest in France and ranks 171st in the world. Considered to be the last wild river in Europe, it is the only river that has not been canalized. The Loire provides transportation as well as water for France’s agricultural center. It begins in the southeast and crosses six historic regions, flowing from the Languedoc region to Brittany.

The Garonne River flows through Spain and southwest France


The Garonne River is located in Southwest France and Northern Spain and flows from the central Spanish Pyrenees to the Gironde estuary at the port of Bordeaux, France. It has a length of 329 miles and is a link between the Mediterranean and Atlantic Oceans. Because of this link, it is considered the most important river in Southwest France. Unlike the Loire River, the Garonne is canalized and is controlled by 50 locks.

The French Flag

The French flag is a tri-color of blue, white, and red vertical stripes. This is an emblem of the fifth republic and was a symbol of the French Revolution, representing freedom. Although not the original tricolor, the design was patterned after the French Revolution and evolved to be among the most significant in history. The meaning behind it is the unity of the King and the people. The white stripe originates from the original French flag and the King, while the red and blue stripes are from the coat of arms of Paris and stand for Paris and its people.

Blue and red, the traditional colors of Paris, were always popular among revolutionaries, while royal white was frequently added to many flags. This flag was seen as an embodiment of all that the revolution stood for – liberty, equality, fraternity, modernization, secularism, and democracy.

French Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings

Alpine Goat

Alpine goats are the most common type of goat used for milk, cheese, and other dairy products


First evolved 100 million years ago!

Apennine Wolf

Wolves do not howl at the moon. They howl to communicate with other members of their pack.

Arctic Char

Arctic char is the northern-most fish; no other fish lives anywhere further north!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asian Lady Beetle

Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.


It was the symbol of royalty in Egypt, and its bite was used for the execution of criminals in Greco-Roman times.

Atlantic Cod

One of the most popular food fishes in the world


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!


This dog has the nickname ‘Mud dog’ because it likes to play in muddy, swamp-like areas.

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Basset Fauve de Bretagne

A friendly and intelligent hunting dog that loves nothing more than to spend time with its owner.


Detects prey using echolocation!


The Beauceron is named after the place of its origin (Beauce) in France


Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees

Berger Picard

Berger means shepherd in French

Bichon Frise

Gentle mannered, playful and affectionate!


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Blackpoll Warbler

They migrate for the longest distance of any warbler.

Blue Picardy Spaniel

The Blue Picardy is also known as the Epagneul Bleu de Picardie in French

Booted Bantam

The feathers on the feet of tiny Booted Bantam chickens can reach up to six inches in length!

Bouvier Des Flandres

A Bouvier cannot achieve a champion title in Belgium unless it has already won a prize as a working police or military dog.

Braque du Bourbonnais

This breed almost went extinct during the World Wars but was revived in the 1970s.

Braque Francais

The Braque Francais will not warn you of any potential threats but, instead, will try to befriend the stranger.


The breed was formerly known as the Brittany spaniel

Brown-banded Cockroach

Females glue egg cases to furniture

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common European Adder

European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Crucian Carp

Can survive drought by burying itself in mud.

Deathwatch Beetle

The adult deathwatch beetle taps on the wood to find a mate.


There are around 40 different species!

Devil’s Coach Horse Beetle

The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Dogue De Bordeaux

Extremely loyal and devoted to it's master!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!

Dried Fruit Moth

In the event of adverse environmental conditions, dried fruit moth larvae will become dormant and stop developing.


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.


Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.

Epagneul Pont Audemer

Hard-working, gentle and affectionate!


A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Beaver

Eats 20% of its weight daily!

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

Eurasian Lynx

Eurasian lynxes can survive extreme weather up to elevations of 18,000 feet

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Corn Borer

Female can lay up to 600 eggs in her 14-day lifespan

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.

European Wildcat

A group of wild cats is called a destruction


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fer-de-lance Snake

The Most Dangerous Snake in the Americas


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire Salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"

French Bulldog

French bulldogs are known to be very sensitive, harboring emotions that they love to express

Frizzle Chicken

Frizzle chickens are known for their frizzled feathers, which result from a genetic mutation.


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


They make many sounds when trying to attract a mate.

Galapagos Shark

Galapagos sharks are cannibalistic and sometimes eat their young, so the pups stay away from the adults in shallow water.


The Genet has retractable claws like a cat

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Grey Heron

Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Houdan Chicken

The Houdan chicken has a round, fluffy crest and five toes on each foot!


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill


There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jack Crevalle

One of the biggest species in the Caranx genus


The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Khao Manee

The Khao Manee is one of the rarest cat breeds in the world.

King Eider

The species name, spectabilis, is Latin for “showy” or “remarkable,” referencing the attractiveness of the adult male’s plumage.


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lazarus Lizard

Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


Leedsichthys is one of the largest fish ever discovered


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.


Liopleurodon were fast swimmers that lived entirely under water, but they had no gills


There are around 5,000 different species!


Have sharp spines below their eyes


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


They line their nests with their feathers


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time


Can lay up to 7500 eggs


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Pintail

Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!


An invasive species, one female nutria can birth up to 200 babies in just a few years of living!

Old House Borer

Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


This snake was as long as a school bus!


Originally called the Toy Spaniel, the Papillon is one of the oldest breeds in the toy group. They can be found in artwork dating back to the 16th century.


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

A small dog with a big, lively personality.


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Picardy Spaniel

Picardy spaniels are one of the few working dogs that do well in apartments as long as they get their long walks every day.


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.


Pliosaurs were the short-necked version of plesiosaurs.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


Intelligent, alert and active!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.


The pugapoo is the fusion of a pug and a poodle.

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quahog Clam

Their hinged shell protects their soft body


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.

Red Kite

This bird moves its tail to steer its body like a rudder on a boat.


They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


Will mate with the entire flock!

Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)

Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.

Ruddy Duck

Ruddy duck breeding males have bright blue bills!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

The stag beetle consumes rotting and decaying wood when it is in the larva stage.

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Teacup Miniature Horse

Female teacup minis become sexually mature between 2 and 5 years old, but breeders typically wait until their horse is 3 before letting her reproduce to prevent complications.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.

Thornback Ray

The skate with the biggest spines!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Toy Poodle

The word poodle is derived from German, and it means "to splash" or "puddle."

Trapdoor spider

Ambush their prey using a trapdoor made of silk

Tree Cricket

They make music with their wings

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Wax Moth

The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

A Wirehaired Pointing Griffon’s coat makes it look like it has a mustache and beard!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Woolly Rhinoceros

The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.

Xeme (Sabine’s Gull)

They follow after seals and whales to eat their scraps.


It interbreeds with the pine bunting

French Animals List

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About the Author

Melissa Bauernfeind was born in NYC and got her degree in Journalism from Boston University. She lived in San Diego for 10 years and is now back in NYC. She loves adventure and traveling the world with her husband but always misses her favorite little man, "P", half Chihuahua/half Jack Russell, all trouble. She got dive-certified so she could dive with the Great White Sharks someday and is hoping to swim with the Orcas as well.

Animals In France FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in France?

France is particularly rich in rodents, shrews, moles, bats, deer, boar, carnivores (like badgers and weasels), song birds and water birds, insects, freshwater fish, and some species of frogs. Whales and dolphins can sometimes be seen off the coast as well.

What is the most dangerous animal in France?

The most dangerous animal is probably the asp viper. If left untreated, about 4% of bites can eventually prove fatal.

What is the biggest animal in France?

The largest animal in all of France is the brown bear. Weighing an impressive 300 to 500 pounds, they are restricted to the far south of the country in the relatively isolated Pyrenees Mountains. Some people may be frightened of brown bears, but unless the animal feels threatened, attacks on people are incredibly rare.