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Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)
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Pika Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
The name of the animal in science
Ochotona Minor
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
18-22cm (7-9in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
75-290g (2.6-10oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
24km/h (15mph)
How long the animal lives for
3-6 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, Brown, Grey, White, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
Mountainous areas
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Grasses, Weeds, Thistles
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Weasel, Eagle, Dogs
Special Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Small body size and no tail

Pika Location

Map of Pika Locations


The pika is a small-sized mammal that is found across the Northern Hemisphere. Despite their rodent-like appearance, pikas are actually closely related to rabbits and hares. Pikas are most commonly identified by their small, rounded body and lack of tail.

Pikas prefer the colder climates and are generally found in mountainous regions and rocky areas where there tend to be fewer predators. There are more than 30 different species of pika that range in colour and size, across Asia, North America and parts of Europe.

Pikas are solitary animals and are found inhabiting piles of rocks close to meadows where there is little in the way. Pikas defend their territory by whistling to one another, and their large, rounded ears come in useful to hear the calls from competing pikas.

Pikas are herbivorous animals and the pika therefore has a diet based on vegetation. The pika is a diurnal animal and forages for grasses, seeds, weeds, thistles and berries during the hours of daylight.

Although the pika inhabits regions where there are few other animals, the pika has a number of predators mainly due to it's small size. The weasel is the main predator of the pika, along with birds of prey, dogs, foxes and cats.

During the mating season male and female pikas on opposite territories call to each other and form a pair bond. The female pika is able to produce two litters per year, but usually only one leads to successful young. The female pika gives birth to between 1 and 5 babies, after a gestation period of about a month. When the babies are old enough to be independent, they often settle near to their parents.

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First Published: 21st October 2009, Last Updated: 10th September 2018

1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]