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Pika

Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)Pika (Ochotona Minor)
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Pika Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Lagomorpha
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Ochotonidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Ochotona
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Ochotona Minor
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Herbivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
18-22cm (7-9in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
75-290g (2.6-10oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
24km/h (15mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
3-6 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, Brown, Grey, White, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Grasses
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Mountainous areas
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
3
Main Prey:Grasses, Weeds, Thistles
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Weasel, Eagle, Dogs
Special Features:Small body size and no tail

Pika Location

Map of Pika Locations

Pika

The pika is a small-sized mammal that is found across the Northern Hemisphere. Despite their rodent-like appearance, pikas are actually closely related to rabbits and hares. Pikas are most commonly identified by their small, rounded body and lack of tail.

Pikas prefer the colder climates and are generally found in mountainous regions and rocky areas where there tend to be fewer predators. There are more than 30 different species of pika that range in colour and size, across Asia, North America and parts of Europe.

Pikas are solitary animals and are found inhabiting piles of rocks close to meadows where there is little in the way. Pikas defend their territory by whistling to one another, and their large, rounded ears come in useful to hear the calls from competing pikas.

Pikas are herbivorous animals and the pika therefore has a diet based on vegetation. The pika is a diurnal animal and forages for grasses, seeds, weeds, thistles and berries during the hours of daylight.

Although the pika inhabits regions where there are few other animals, the pika has a number of predators mainly due to it's small size. The weasel is the main predator of the pika, along with birds of prey, dogs, foxes and cats.

During the mating season male and female pikas on opposite territories call to each other and form a pair bond. The female pika is able to produce two litters per year, but usually only one leads to successful young. The female pika gives birth to between 1 and 5 babies, after a gestation period of about a month. When the babies are old enough to be independent, they often settle near to their parents.

Pika Comments

Bowen
"Just saw one for first time in lava rocks McKenzie pass Oregon this past weekend. So darn cute "
A Guy
"I love pikas and this website help me research them"
Anonomyus
"Easy To reasearch"
natalie
"this is great for school animal reports!"
sophie
"need to know why its rare"
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First Published: 21st October 2009, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 21 Oct 2009]

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