Highly energetic and eager for adventure!
Yorkshire Terrier Scientific Classification
- Scientific Name
- Canis lupus
Yorkshire Terrier Conservation Status
Yorkshire Terrier Locations
Yorkshire Terrier Facts
- Lively, playful and affection-seeking
- Common Name
- Yorkshire Terrier
- Highly energetic and eager for adventure!
Yorkshire Terrier Physical Characteristics
- Skin Type
- 15 years
- 3kg (7lbs)
Yorkshire Terrier Images
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The breed’s lineage isn’t entirely documented, but it’s been traced back to the middle of the 19th century. It was first developed in the Yorkshire and Lancashire counties of England. Their ancestry is thought to include several other terrier and toy breeds, including the Skye, Dandie Dimont, and possibly Maltese. The Yorkshire terrier, also affectionately known as the Yorkie, is easily recognized by its long, trailing coat that often reaches the floor. They have been consistently rated among the top pet dog breeds and are one of the most popular choices for owners who dwell in dense urban environments.
Yorkies may be a small, ornamental breed, but they are still terriers at heart. Their lively, adventurous and spunky temperament makes them a great pet for all kinds of households. Despite their self-important attitude, these dogs are often quite friendly and playful.
3 Pros and Cons of Owning a Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire terriers have a big personality in a very small package. This makes them fun and engaging companions for single owners as well as quality family dogs.
|High Grooming Requirements|
These terriers grow a long coat that can include combinations of black, tan, blue and gold. Some also have a gray to white silver color in their coat. They require dedicated and frequent grooming to keep their coat clean and neat.
The long hairs of the Yorkie coat are a lot less aggravating for people with allergies. They are generally considered an acceptable hypoallergenic choice for those with animal hair sensitives.
|Can Have Poor Manners|
Even though Yorkies are generally receptive to training, owners need to start early and be consistent. House training is a common problem as is excessive barking.
|Alert and Attentive|
These terriers are very observant of their surroundings and alert to anything unexpected. This makes them an effective watchdog for homes and properties even though they are unlikely to intimidate intruders physically.
As an energetic and adventurous toy breed, the Yorkshire terrier is prone to physical injury. They are small with a narrow frame and light bone structure, so heavy play and accidents can be dangerous.
Yorkshire Terrier Size and Weight
These dogs are quite small, even among terriers, and are one of the smallest dog breeds overall. Bodyweight for a mature adult ranges from 3 to 7 pounds with a height around 8 to 9 inches at most.
|Height (Male)||9 feet tall|
|Height (Female)||8 feet tall|
|Weight (male)||6lbs, fully grown|
|Weight (female)||5.5lbs, fully grown|
Yorkshire Terrier Common Health Issues
The Yorkshire terrier is relatively healthy for a toy breed. They are known for having sensitive digestive systems and can develop long-term complications like hemorrhagic gastroenteritis and lymphangiectasia. They are also susceptible to a few genetic issues related to blood circulation, including those impacting the heart and liver. They can also fall victim to the degenerative condition of tracheal collapse, which can be aggravated by Cushing’s syndrome.
Members of the breed can also suffer from several kinds of genetic defects that impact their eyes and skeletal structure. Distichia, or abnormal growth of eyelashes, can cause serious impairment, inflammation, and eye damage if they emerge in a bad spot. Yorkies can also develop problems with their kneecaps and Legg–Calvé–Perthes syndrome, which impacts their femur and hip joint. Dogs that are born with a completely white coat may also face significant health problems associated with the mutation.
- Portosystemic shunt
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Tracheal collapse
- Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
- Legg–Calvé–Perthes syndrome
- Luxating patella
Yorkshire Terrier Temperament
A feisty and self-important personality are hallmark characteristics of the Yorkshire terrier. They have an active and curious temperament that often leads them to investigate anything new or alert their owners of the same. They are very owner-oriented, which means they have protective and attention-seeking tendencies. Despite their appearance, size, and appreciation for human affection, the breed is a bit too active and officious to make for a true lap dog.
Yorkies have a good reputation for family life, but they aren’t the best dogs to have around very young children. They aren’t particularly patient and can be snippy when irritated, so parents are often better off waiting to get a Yorkie until their kids are a bit older and more responsible. However, they generally get along well with other dogs and pet animals.
These terriers can be trained with some work, so owners are encouraged to maintain this throughout their dog’s life. They can have some difficulties being housebroken and learning proper manners when it comes to barking. Owners should structure and discipline their Yorkie from an early age to reinforce positive behaviors.
How To Take Care of a Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire terriers are companion animals that need frequent attention and care. Owners who are willing to groom and put in a lot of quality time with their dogs are rewarded with a fun, lively, and stalwart companion. Regular checkups and observation for developing health issues are also important to manage the breed’s genetic health concerns.
Yorkshire Terrier Food and Diet
High-quality food that is balanced with all essential minerals and vitamins is important for maintaining the sheen and colors of the breed’s luxurious coat for adults and puppies alike. Owners should carefully manage their dog’s weight, especially if they don’t get a lot of rigorous exercise. It’s also a good idea to break treats into smaller pieces to provide more potential rewards while training without ramping up calorie intake.
Yorkshire Terrier Maintenance and Grooming
Yorkies are among the most high maintenance dog breeds when it comes to grooming. In fact, many owners rely on grooming professionals to keep their dog’s coat in good condition. Daily brushing is recommended to maintain quality and keep the long hairs from getting tangled. Regular trimming is also important to prevent the coat from interfering with the dog’s vision or mobility.
Yorkshire Terrier Training
While they aren’t necessarily stubborn or independent-minded, these terriers are not easy to train either. Owners should start instilling good behaviors and command obedience at an early age. Continual reinforcement and practice should be continued throughout the dog’s life. Failing to train early can make it difficult to encourage good household manners.
Yorkshire Terrier Exercise
Yorkies have plenty of energy and are playful, but don’t necessarily need big open spaces to get a good workout. They have about average exercise needs, so daily walks and a little bit of active play should be enough to keep them happy and healthy. The potential for indoor activity is one of the reasons the breed is favored throughout big cities in the United States and England.
Yorkshire Terrier Puppies
Yorkie puppies don’t have any specific care requirements aside from a strong need for attention and socialization. Owners should start instilling good behavior and engage in training exercises once the pups start acting independently. Early training makes it a lot easier to continue behavior modification and control when they reach adulthood.
Yorkshire Terrier and Children
Yorkshire terriers are not particularly compatible with kids under the age of 10. Young kids may not be entirely aware of how fragile these dogs are, which can lead to tragic accidents. Yorkies are also sensitive to loud noises and can be snippy or impatient when harassed. However, they do make good family dogs once everyone is old enough to respect them and ensure their safety around the house.
Dogs Similar to Yorkshire Terrier
- Norfolk Terrier – Another terrier breed from England that tends to grow a bit larger than the Yorkie. They also share the Yorkshire terrier’s high energy levels and staunch loyalty to their owners.
- Australian Terrier – Another small dog that has a big spirit. They are also highly alert companion animals with an even temper and generally make excellent companions.
- Japanese Chin – With multi-color coats ranging from white to black, these dogs also have a unique aesthetic. Much like the Yorkshire, they are considered an excellent choice for city dwellers who don’t have access to large outdoor exercise areas.
Popular Names for Yorkshire Terrier
Famous Yorkshire Terriers
Many celebrities have embraced the Yorkshire terrier as a terrific travel companion and attractive accessory over the years. Actress Audrey Hepburn frequently posed for photographs with her Yorkie named Mr. Famous. Many other Hollywood stars have also been spotted wielding their Yorkshire terrier, including Orlando Bloom, Jennifer Lawrence, and Missy Elliott.View all 3 animals that start with Y
Yorkshire Terrier FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
How much does a Yorkshire terrier cost to own?
Yorkies generally cost around $500, but pedigreed purebreds routinely cost new owners $1000 to $2000 outright. Even though food costs are relatively low due to their small size, owners should expect to spend hundreds of dollars a year on grooming needs. Combined with healthcare, a terrier that reaches its lifespan of 14 to 16 years can cost up to $10,000 throughout its lifetime.
Is Yorkshire terrier good with kids?
Young children and Yorkshire terriers are not a good match. The breed is fragile and doesn’t tolerate accidents or rough play, which are commonplace with young kids. They are also somewhat impatient and can be snippy when tired or frustrated, so they aren’t particularly tolerant of mishandling.
How long does Yorkshire terrier live?
Yorkies have a typical terrier life expectancy of about 15 years. They do have a few genetic health risks and other common issues, but most of them are not life-threatening.
What problems do Yorkies have?
Yorkshire terriers have a heightened risk of several rare circulatory conditions that can impact liver and heart function. Various digestive troubles are also a risk for the breed, so owners should be attentive if their dog suddenly starts struggling to use the bathroom.
Is a Yorkshire Terrier a good family dog?
As long as owners are willing to spend a lot of time with their pets and don’t have kids under 10 years of age, then the Yorkie can be a fantastic choice for a family.
Do Yorkshire terriers bark a lot?
Frequent and excessive barking is one of the biggest complaints that Yorkshire terrier owners have about their beloved pets. While being vocal and alert is great for increasing home security, owners should consider desensitization training for doorbells and other common triggers.
How big does a Yorkshire Terrier get?
Yorkies are one of the smallest dog breeds available. Adults are generally only 7 to 8 inches tall at the shoulders and weigh between 3 and 7 pounds.
Are Yorkshire Terriers herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?
Yorkshire Terriers are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.
What Kingdom do Yorkshire Terriers belong to?
Yorkshire Terriers belong to the Kingdom Animalia.
What class do Yorkshire Terriers belong to?
Yorkshire Terriers belong to the class Mammalia.
What phylum to Yorkshire Terriers belong to?
Yorkshire Terriers belong to the phylum Chordata.
What family do Yorkshire Terriers belong to?
Yorkshire Terriers belong to the family Canidae.
What order do Yorkshire Terriers belong to?
Yorkshire Terriers belong to the order Carnivora.
What genus do Yorkshire Terriers belong to?
Yorkshire Terriers belong to the genus Canis.
What type of covering do Yorkshire Terriers have?
Yorkshire Terriers are covered in Hair.
What is an interesting fact about Yorkshire Terriers?
Yorkshire Terriers are highly energetic and eager for adventure!
What is the scientific name for the Yorkshire Terrier?
The scientific name for the Yorkshire Terrier is Canis lupus.
- American Kennel Club, Available here: https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/yorkshire-terrier/
- Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yorkshire_Terrier
- Yorkie Info Centre, Available here: http://www.yorkieinfocenter.com/yorkie-puppy-care
- Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/Yorkshire-terrier
- Central Texas Veterinary Specialty & Emergency Hospital, Available here: https://www.ctvsh.com/services/dogs/breeds/yorkshire-terrier