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A sixteen-month-old Newfoundland named SmokyNewfoundlandNewfoundlandNewfoundlandBear, a brown Newfoundland (dog) and Sparkle, a Chihuahua (dog)
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Newfoundland Facts

Common Name:
Most widely used name for this species
The area where the animal first came from
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
71cm (28in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
60kg (130lbs)
How long the animal lives for
10 years
Litter Size:
The typical number of offspring
The domestic group such as cat or dog
Working Dog

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Newfoundland Location

Map of Newfoundland Locations
Map of North America


The newfoundland breed of dog is a large working dog whose origins lie on the Canadian island of Newfoundland. Newfoundlands are famously known for their giant size and tremendous strength, and for their sweet dispositions, loyalty, and natural water rescue tendencies. The Newfoundland dog excels at water rescue, due to their great muscles and partly to their webbed feet and acute swimming abilities.

Newfoundland dogs require grooming at least once per week (and frequently more often). Newfoundlands are extremely loving and patient dogs, and Newfoundland puppies are laid-back and considered easy to housebreak as they are loyal and loving towards their master.

The newfoundland dog is known to have a very loving and gentle temperament and newfoundlands are thought to be one of the calmest and gentlest dogs when it comes to being around children. Newfoundland dogs are intelligent and courageous and are loyal towards their master and calm with strangers, but newfoundlands are wary of people who have no good intentions. This, along with the deep bark and large size of the newfoundland make them excellent guard dogs and they will protect their family first and foremost.

Newfoundlands are thought to have derived from mastiffs when they were brought to Newfoundland by the Vikings more than 1,000 years ago. Since then, newfoundlands have been used as working dogs and they are thought to be one of the strongest breeds of dogs in the world.

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First Published: 25th May 2009, Last Updated: 10th September 2018

1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 25 May 2009]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 25 May 2009]
4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 25 May 2009]
5. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 25 May 2009]