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Royal Penguin

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Royal Penguin Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Sphenisciformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Spheniscidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Eudyptes
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Eudyptes Schlegeli
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
60cm - 68cm (24in - 27in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
3kg - 6kg (6.6lbs - 13lbs)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
15 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Colony
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Vulnerable
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, White, Grey, Yellow
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Favourite Food:Krill
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Rocky Antarctic Islands
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
2
Main Prey:Krill, Fish, Shrimp
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Leopard Seal, Killer Whale, Sharks
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Orange beak with yellow feathers on head

Royal Penguin Location

Map of Royal Penguin Locations

Royal Penguin

The royal penguin is a medium to large sized species of penguin that is found inhabiting the freezing waters that surround the Antarctic continent. The royal penguin is best known for the yellow feathers than grow from it's forehead to the back of it's head and are not to be confused with the macaroni penguin which they are closely related to.

Like other penguin species, the royal penguin spends the majority of it's life hunting out at sea and are usually found in the nutrient rich waters that surround Antarctica. However, royal penguins are known to only breed on Macquarie Island, a rocky south-western Pacific island that lies roughly half way between New Zealand and Antarctica.

Until recently, the royal penguin and the macaroni penguin where thought to be the same species but there are a number of distinct differences between the two. Royal penguins have white chins and faces, where the face of the macaroni penguin is black. Royal penguins also breed exclusively on Macquarie Island, a place inhabited by no other penguin species.

All penguins are fantastic swimmers and the royal penguin is no exception. Royal penguins use their powerful flippers and streamlined bodies, aided by their webbed feet to soar through the water and are able to reach speeds of nearly 20mph. Royal penguins also dive to depths of up to 150m in order to catch food, with dives usually lasting for a few minutes.

The royal penguin is a carnivorous animal, that like all other penguin species, survives on a diet that is only comprised of marine animals. Krill and small crustaceans make up the bulk of the royal penguin's diet along with larger organisms including squid and various species of fish. Royal penguins can be at sea for days at a time whilst hunting.

The royal penguin has no natural land-based predators due to the fact that royal penguins inhabit pretty harsh environments. Large leopard seals hunt the royal penguin in the water along with large sharks and killer whales. Royal penguin population have also been seriously affected by human hunting for the oil found in their feathers.

Royal penguins nest on beaches or on bare areas on slopes covered with vegetation along the island's coast. Royal penguins are colonial birds, nesting in scrapes on the ground up to a mile inland (these sites are known as rookeries). The female royal penguin lays two eggs which are incubated for 35 days. The chicks leave the nest after a couple of months returning when they are 5 to 6 years old to begin breeding themselves.

Today, the royal penguin has been listed as a vulnerable species as populations were seriously affected by over hunting at the beginning of the 20th century. This species is now protected so can no longer be poached for it's oil.

Royal Penguin Comments

Viyodshi
"They are so cute and funny "
nakyia
"so cute I love it man "
novelle
"I love royal penguins"
Bransen
"my fave penguin is the emperor penguin"
Showing 4 of 4 comments.

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First Published: 3rd August 2010, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 03 Aug 2010]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 03 Aug 2010]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 03 Aug 2010]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 03 Aug 2010]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 03 Aug 2010]

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