Animals in Australia (Tasmania)

Below you can find a complete list of Tasmanian animals. We currently track [animals-by-location-count location=’au-t’] animals in Australia (Tasmania) and are adding more every day!

The Australian continent is home to some of the most interesting and unique animals in the world. It is home to marsupials and monotremes – animals that brood their young in pouches and egg-laying mammals.

Tasmania is an island state located just south of mainland Australia. Separated from Australia by the Bass Strait, Tasmania has become a final stronghold of some of the most bizarre animals in the world due to its geographic and genetic isolation. Keep reading to learn more about these fascinating creatures.

Australia (Tasmania) Wildlife Summary

Tasmania is a unique and almost mystical place. It has thick rainforests and forbidding mountains. Towering “ghost gum” trees and hug ferns dot the landscape. Its rainforests are populated by strange animals found nowhere else in the world. Some of its predators are rare or presumed extinct, yet wildlife adventurers keep driving and hiking hidden trails in hopes of catching a glimpse.

What types of animals will you see in Tasmania? If you’re quiet and patient, you might glimpse the elusive duck-billed platypus, an animal so strange that scientists thought the first preserved specimens were a taxidermist’s joke. You’re sure to find an abundance of small kangaroos called pademelons and wallabies. You might even see – and hear – the famous Tasmanian devil.

What other animals live in Tasmania? Keep reading to find out.

The Official State Animal of Australia (Tasmania)

The Tasmanian devil is the state animal and emblem of Tasmania. The real-life Tasmanian devil is nothing like the whirlwind cartoon character. Tassie devils are small marsupials, about the size of a large housecat or small dog. They are carnivores and scavengers. Many devils may gather at a carcass, where they snarl, screech, and growl at one another.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Australia (Tasmania)

Around 42 percent of Tasmania is protected in the form of national parks and World Heritage Sites. Much of the island is mountainous and densely forested. Southwest National Park and Savage River National Park contain some of the last temperate rainforests in the Southern Hemisphere. Guided automobile and walking tours are available.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Australia (Tasmania) Today

The tiger snake is by far the most dangerous animal in Tasmania. It has a powerful, deadly venom. The Jack Jumper ant is also dangerous, as its sting can produce a deadly allergic reaction. In fact, the Jack Jumper ant killed more people than the tiger snake in one 20-year period.

Endangered Animals in Australia (Tasmania)

Tasmania is home to a number of animals that are extinct on the Australian mainland, including the eastern quoll, eastern barred bandicoot, Tasmanian pademelon, and Tasmanian devil. The quoll and Tasmanian devil are ranked as endangered, and the bandicoot is vulnerable.

Tasmania was also home to the thylacine, also called the Tasmanian tiger or Tasmanian wolf. This sand-colored marsupial was roughly the size and shape of a dog, with tiger-like stripes across its back. The last known specimen died in captivity in 1936. It is currently considered extinct. However, there continue to be unconfirmed sightings of the thylacine in Tasmania to this day.

Tasmanian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crested Penguin

Has long yellow eyebrows!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Little Penguin

The smallest species of penguin!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marine Toad

Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pademelon

Inhabits the jungles of the far east!

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Platypus

One of the only mammals to lay eggs!

Possum

There are 69 species on the Australian continent!

Potoroo

They can carry items with their tail.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Redback Spider

The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Dragon

Inhabits tropical coastal waters of Australia!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Striped Rocket Frog

Long powerful hind legs!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tasmanian Devil

Exclusively found on the island of Tasmania!

Tasmanian Tiger

The Tasmanian tiger could open its mouth almost 90 degrees.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Tasmanian Animals List

Animals in Australia (Tasmania) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in Tasmania?

Marsupial mammals are the most well-known wildlife in Tasmania. These animals give birth to small, pink babies which crawl into the mother’s fleshy pouch. There, they attach themselves to a teet and continue to grow.

Tasmania’s marsupials include the Tasmanian devil, wombat, platypus, bandicoots, quolls, wallabies, and pademelon (a small kangaroo). There are eleven species of frog, three of which are found only in Tasmania.

Tasmania’s bird population includes parrots, honeyeaters, warblers, robins, eagles, and the little or fairy penguin, the smallest member of the penguin family. The Tasmanian native hen is Australia’s smallest flightless land bird. The emu once called Tasmania home but was hunted to extinction.

Tasmania’s invertebrates are as unique and strange as its marsupials. There is a “mountain shrimp” that resembles Triassic fossils. The Tasmanian cave spider resembles those from Chile and is said to be the most primitive cave spider in the world. There is one species of scorpion in Tasmania. Interestingly, no one has ever been killed by a scorpion in Australia.

In the waters around Tasmania, you will find bottle-nosed dolphins, southern right whales, and humpback whales.

The European red fox is a feral animal in Tasmania. Feral animals are non-native species introduced by humans. Because it outcompetes and endangers native wildlife, efforts have been made to eradicate it from the island. Other feral animals include rabbits, cats, mice, and rats.

What Dangerous Animals Live in Tasmania?

Tasmania is home to a number of snakes classified as “dangerously venomous.” Among these are the lowland copperhead snake and the tiger snake. Because the tiger snake’s coloration can vary widely, you should assume any snake you see in Tasmania is dangerous and keep your distance. Interestingly, Tasmania had a four-decade track record of zero snakebite fatalities. This record was broken in 2020 when an elderly farmer succumbed to a tiger snake bite.

Another dangerous animal is the Jack Jumper ant. They have one of the most powerful venoms among insects, and about three percent of people may experience anaphylactic shock if stung. Four people died from Jack Jumper ant stings between 1980 and 2000.

What Is the Top Predator in Tasmania?

The thylacine was once Tasmania’s top predator. Today, the Tasmanian devil is the largest surviving marsupial carnivore. While they are opportunistic scavengers, Tassy devils can take down small kangaroos.

Are Quokkas in Tasmania?

The quokka, also known as the short-tailed scrub wallaby, is a small macropod marsupial about the size of a housecat. Quokkas have a small range in Western Australia and a few neighboring islands, including Rottnest Island and Bald Island. They do not live in Tasmania.