Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
The name of the animal in science
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
|40cm - 110cm (15.7in - 43in)|
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
|60cm - 130cm (23.6in - 21in)|
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
|1kg - 35kg (2.2lbs - 75lbs)|
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
How long the animal lives for
|20 - 30 years|
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
|Black, White, Grey, Yellow|
The protective layer of the animal
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
|Cold seas and rocky land|
|Average Clutch Size:|
The average number of eggs laid at once
The food that the animal gains energy from
|Fish, Crabs, Squid|
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
|Leopard Seals, Sharks, Killer Whale|
Characteristics unique to this animal
|Short, sharp beak and slight webbed feet|
The penguin is found pretty much only in the Southern Hemisphere, only a handful of penguins though are in the far south. The emperor penguin inhabits the icy lands of Antarctica.
Despite what many think, the penguin is not only found in arctics, one species of penguin lives as far north as the Galapagos Islands.
Generally the penguin is around 1m tall, but there is one species known as the little penguin that is only 40cm high! The penguins stay together in large colonies with anywhere up to 50,000 penguins in the group.
The penguin spends 75% of its time in the water hunting for food. It is thought that the Antarctic penguins eat krill and squid where the penguins in warmer climates tend to eat fish.
The penguin is one of the few species of bird, that despite having wings, is unable to fly. To make up for this though, penguins have perfected their jumping technique with some penguins being able to jump a couple of meters!
Penguins seem to have no special fear of humans and penguins have often approached groups of explorers without hesitation. This is probably because there are no land predators in Antarctica or the nearby offshore islands that prey on or attack penguins. Instead, penguins are at risk at sea from predators such as the seal and sharks.
Typically, penguins do not approach humans closer than about 3 meters (10 ft) at which point the penguins tend to become nervous and retreat. This is also the distance that Antarctic tourists are told to keep from penguins (tourists are not supposed to approach closer than 3 meters, but are not expected to withdraw if the penguins come closer). It is the penguins home after all.
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First Published: 5th December 2008, Last Updated: 7th November 2019
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]