How Wide is the Ohio River at Its Widest Point?

Written by Janet F. Murray
Updated: October 12, 2022
Image Credit ESB Professional/Shutterstock.com
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According to Thomas Jefferson, “The Ohio is the most beautiful river on earth. Its current gentle waters clear, and bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted.” Today this river sustains millions of people and is a transportation route for commercial ships.

It has also been a focal source of growth for those who have built cities in its vicinity. But how wide is the Ohio River at its widest point if commercial ships can use it for transportation and people continue to rely on its flowing waters for sustenance? Let’s find out.

How wide is the Ohio River at its widest point? Approximately 1 mile.

Nat Chittamai/Shutterstock.com

The Widest Point of the Ohio River

The Ohio River widens to roughly 1 mile at its broadest point. This area is at the Smithland Dam, near Smithland, Kentucky, just west of downtown Louisville, Kentucky.

Exploring the Ohio River

Besides its width, the Ohio River is also one of the longest in America, at 981 miles. It begins its journey at the confluence of the Allegheny and the Monongahela Rivers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Then, its extensive 981 miles stretches across six states and ends in Cairo, Illinois, before entering the Mississippi River. The Ohio River, which is the Mississippi River’s largest tributary, runs in or on the borders of six states, which are:

The Ohio River Basin

Other than these characteristics, the Ohio River’s drainage basin covers 14 states. Notably, its largest tributary is the Tennessee River which is instrumental in the size of the Ohio River’s drainage basin covering 205,000 square miles.

This drainage basin equals approximately 5% of the total extent of the U.S. mainland. Unsurprisingly, it stretches across many of the southeastern states in the country, including:

The Ohio River’s basin has given life to the United States as it is currently one of the country’s most populated and industrialized river basins. Significantly, its basin is home to over 30 million people and is a drinking water source for over 5 million.

The Depth of the Ohio River

When discussing the major points of rivers, it is necessary to examine their depths. The Ohio River is naturally shallow but has deep areas, many of which are due to human intervention. When people built dams along this river, they also deepened certain sections.

Now, the average depth of the Ohio River is roughly 24 feet, with a maximum depth of 168 feet. The deepest point is west of Louisville, Kentucky, with an average depth of 132 feet for 50 miles. Large shipping vessels can readily travel through this region, making it a transportation hotspot.

Development Along the Ohio River

Many large cities have risen along the banks of the Ohio River. Examples of these are Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Cincinnati, Ohio, Louisville, Kentucky, Evansville, Indiana, Huntington, and West Virginia. Look closer, and you will see 38 power generating facilities along its banks and main ports at Cincinnati, Louisville, and Pittsburgh.

Due to its considerable length, the Ohio River has been a transportation route of choice since people began living along its edges. And though its flow is predictable, it has one major obstacle interrupting this flow – the Ohio Falls at Louisville. To navigate these falls, officials organized the building of locks to control the descent of vessels over 2.5 miles.

Construction companies built 13 dams as part of their plans, spread across the river, with locks assisting the smooth passage of boats and commercial ships. Commercial ships on the Ohio River convey over 180 million tons of cargo and often carry loads like coal, oil, steel, gravel, petroleum products, and manufactured goods.

Because of heavy-duty use, this river has been victim to pollution, mainly from urban runoff, agricultural activities, and abandoned mines. To combat this, officials established the Ohio River Valley Sanitation Compact in 1948 to improve the water quality. Today, the river is home to marinas and recreational spaces and provides drinking water to millions living in proximity to its voluminous waters.

Fish in the Ohio River

The long, wide Ohio River is the home of many fish species that attract enthusiastic anglers. You will find various types of Bass like Largemouth, Smallmouth, Rock, Black, White, and the Striped species. Also, you find Largemouth Bass in the river’s creeks during the spring as the water temperatures rise above 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Once the waters warm during the summer, Largemouth move to deeper waters. If you prefer Smallmouth Bass as an angler, you’re lucky because they live throughout the length of the Ohio River regardless of the water temperature.

Other fish living in these waters are the Saugar and Walleye. You are more likely to find these species in tailwater areas during the spring, fall, and winter months. During the summer, they tend to frequent the streams.

The Ohio River is also home to catfish found throughout its waters. Different Catfish in the Ohio River include the Blue Catfish, Channel Catfish, and Flathead Catfish, to name a few. However, Blue Catfish are often a rare sign in the Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia waters. Other fish that are common are the Bluegill, Trout, and Crappie.

Blue Catfish
Blue Catfish live in the widest part of the Ohio River and its shallow areas.

Brandy McKnight/Shutterstock.com

The Ohio River is also home to mussels that are important in all rivers. Mussels filter the water and reduce silt, sediment, and pollutants. Besides this, they are food for other marine life. Remarkably, there are over 45 different species of native freshwater mussels in the Ohio River, of which eight are federally endangered, such as:

  • Fanshell
  • Pink Mucket
  • Sheepnose
  • Spectacle case
  • Snuffbox
  • Purple Cat’s Paw Pearlymussel
  • Clubshell
  • Rayed Bean

Sunset view over the Ohio River in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The Ohio River sustains many cities
ESB Professional/Shutterstock.com
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About the Author

I'm a freelance writer with more than eight years of content creation experience. My content writing covers diverse genres, and I have a business degree. I am also the proud author of my memoir, My Sub-Lyme Life. This work details the effects of living with undiagnosed infections like rickettsia (like Lyme). By sharing this story, I wish to give others hope and courage in overcoming their life challenges. In my downtime, I value spending time with friends and family.

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