- Terriers were originally bred to hunt vermin. This is why they love to dig so much.
- The airedale terrier is the largest type of terror dog, standing at 24′ tall.
- The Jack Russel terrier is the most common type of terrier dog.
When considering a type of dog breed classified as a terrier, it helps to look at the origin of the word. Terrier is French for “burrow,” and these are dogs of hardy build and doughty temperament who’ve been bred to go to the ground in search of vermin such as rats, foxes, and badgers. A few even jump into the water to hunt otters. Bigger terriers were used in such unsavory past-times as dogfighting and bullbaiting. But whether they’re tiny or big, these loyal and astonishingly brave beasts are among the most popular dogs to have as companions. Here is a list of the 10 best types of terrier dogs.
#1. Pit Bull Terrier
Don’t fear the pit bull. Descendants of bulldogs and types of terriers dogs, including Staffordshire bull terriers, these canines were first used for dog fighting in the United States. In some places, they still are, though the practice is illegal. This has given them a sketchy reputation that is largely unearned, for a well-cared for and well-trained pit bull terrier makes a loyal pet and the best guardian of home and family.
Their look is unmistakable, for the dog seems to be all muscle, even though its size isn’t all that gargantuan. Standing 18 to 22 inches high at the shoulder, the pit bull weighs between 50 and 80 pounds. It has that huge head with a thick-boned skull, round black eyes, and those notoriously muscular jaws. The ears are often small and cropped, the chest wide and deep, the hindquarters powerful, the coat short but hard.
Read this for more information about this breed.
#2. Bedlington Terrier
This terrier is famous for looking rather like a lamb with rabbit-like feet, though there’s nothing lamblike about its temperament or tenacity. It was developed in Great Britain in the 1800s to hunt badgers, one of the meanest fossorial animals on earth. It has a convex head that matches its roached back. It has a topknot of silky curls, and it’s the fashion to leave a pompom at the ends of its ears. The rest of its wiry coat does seem fleecy and needs a good deal of grooming to stay tidy. The Bedlington terrier stands 15 to 17 inches high at the shoulder and weighs a lithe 17 to 23 pounds.
Go here for more information on the Bedlington terrier.
#3. Airedale Terrier
This dignified-looking dog is the largest type of terrier dog. Though it’s not as heavy as the pit bull terrier since it usually weighs between 44 and 50 pounds, it stands higher at the shoulder at between 22 and 24 inches. It has a long skull, mustaches, and a magisterial beard. Like the Bedlington, it was developed in Great Britain in the 1800s and was meant to hunt badgers. It was also bred to hunt otters and so has a dense, wiry, waterproof coat. The dog’s fur is always tan with an attractive black saddle that stretches from the back of the neck to the tail. The Airedale sheds heavily twice a year, and that’s when its coat needs to be stripped.
Go here for more information about the Airedale terrier.
#4. Boston Terrier
This little terrier doesn’t have a lot of size, but he makes up for that with a lot of energy. Though it only stands 15 to 17 inches at the shoulder and weighs 10 to 25 pounds, the Boston terrier was bred to hunt rats and bait bulls. This lineage can be told from the face with its squashed-in muzzle and wide head that recalls the bulldog. Indeed, like the bulldog, Boston terrier puppies often have to be born via Caesarean section. Now, this popular dog, one of a handful developed in the United States, has a sweet and biddable temperament. There are three weight classes of Boston terrier: one under 15 pounds, one at least 15 pounds but under 20 pounds, and one at least 20 pounds but no more than 25 pounds.
To learn more about the Boston terrier, go here.
#5. Cairn Terrier
This little dog’s origins date back to 16th century Britain when it was bred to hunt foxes and rats, even though it was called the short-haired Skye terrier until 1909. You know what this dog looks like because Toto in The Wizard of Oz was a Cairn terrier. For those who don’t, this dog stands 10 to 12 inches high at the shoulder and weighs 13 to 16 pounds. Because it was bred to work outdoors and even to enter the water, it has a double coat that is water-resistant, dense, and a bit messy. Though its skull isn’t as long as other types of terrier dogs, the Cairn has a surprisingly robust bite. Miss Gulch wasn’t kidding when she said she was almost lame from the bite on her leg.
Read here to learn more about the Cairn terrier.
#6. German Pinscher
This dog, developed in Germany in the 1800s, looks very much like its brother the Doberman Pinscher, but it’s considerably smaller at 16 to 19 inches high at the shoulder and has a weight of between 25 and 35 pounds. Still, the German Pinscher is large in size for a terrier. Its looks are simple, and the coat is one or two colors, either chocolate brown, black or black with brown highlights. Its back has a clean line, and it has a muscular neck, a long muzzle, and a deep chest. The toes are arched, and the ears are naturally folded over. Since it is a big terrier, it is kept for guarding stock as well as hunting vermin.
Read more about the German Pinscher here.
#7. Dandie Dinmont Terrier
This “sausage dog” of a terrier originated at the border of England and Scotland in the 1600s and was named after a character in Guy Mannering, a novel by Sir Walter Scott. Even though it has forelegs that are so tiny that its back slopes upward, that long, low-to-the-ground body was bred to hunt badgers and even otters. It also has drooping furry ears, a soft, messy topknot on its head, mustaches, and a rather broad black nose. Its coat has an interesting texture, for it is a mix of hard and soft fur that feels pleasingly crisp to the touch.
#8. Parson Jack Russell Terrier
This popular little terrier has a sprightly, playful disposition. Developed in Devon by the Reverend Jack Russell in the 1800s but not recognized by the United Kennel Club until 1991, it was bred to go to the ground and hunt rats. It is a muscular dog with a powerful neck and hind legs. The coat can be smooth, broken, or rough, and in most purebred dogs it is mostly white, with the dog having a brown or black head with a white blaze down the muzzle and around the nose. The Parson Jack Russell Terrier stands 14 inches high at the shoulder and weighs between 16 and 18 pounds.
To learn more about the Parson Jack Russell Terrier, go here.
#9. Yorkshire Terrier
Though this tiny little dog might strike many people as being excessively fussed over, it wasn’t always the case. Like other little terriers, it makes up in robustness what it lacks in size, for the Yorkie was bred in the 1800s to hunt rats in the mines of Yorkshire’s West Riding. Now, it is known for its amazingly lush, long, and silky coat which is steely blue at the back and tan at the front. This coat, which can be long enough to hide the dog’s feet, takes a great deal of grooming. Because of this, most owners keep the fur cut to a manageable length. The dog also has erect, triangular ears, a muzzle of medium length, straight legs, and dark, soulful eyes that sparkle. Newborn Yorkies are black and develop their coat colors as they mature.
Learn more about Yorkshire terriers here.
#10. Cesky Terrier
Developed as late as the 1940s in Czechoslovakia and not recognized until 1963, this dog is certainly a new breed of terrier. Even though it’s a terrier, it was actually bred as a watchdog and is friendly and obedient. It has a silky coat, an abundant beard, bushy eyebrows, and a long and refined head. This new little terrier stands 10 to 14 inches high at the shoulder and weighs between 12 and 18 pounds. Besides being the best watchdog, it is also a good dog to have in a family with young children.
Read this to learn more about the Cesky terrier.
Here is a Summary of the 10 Types of Terrier Dogs
- Cesky Terrier
- Yorkshire Terrier
- Parson Jack Russell Terrier
- Dandie Dinmont Terrier
- German Pinscher
- Dandie Dinmont Terrier
- Boston Terrier
- Airedale Terrier
- Bedlington Terrier
- Pit Bull Terrier
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