Below you can find a complete list of German animals. We currently track 152 animals in Germany and are adding more every day!
Germany is a European country famous for its magnificent forests, soaring Alps, and two major rivers, the Danube and the Rhine. Germany is bordered on the north by Denmark and in the south by the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. It shares borders with the Czech Republic, France, Luxembourg, and Belgium.
This varied geography means you can find a huge variety of wildlife here. The mountains are home to wolves, chamois, and Alpine ibex. In the forests, you will find European wildcats, European badgers, lynxes, bats, deer, red squirrels, and red foxes. Germany’s native birds include the boreal owl, bean goose, carrion crow, and mistle thrush. Whales, porpoises, and sharks live in the ocean waters.
Unique Wildlife in Germany
Germany has many animals you’ll find in other parts of the world, but it also has many exotic native species.
The chamois is a goat antelope that lives in the German Alps. Herds of chamois regularly run through the mountain passes.
The European badger has distinctive black-and-white striping. This fastidious animal is known for daily cleaning of its burrows and building latrines in its territory. The badger inhabits Germany’s forests and woodlands.
The European wildcat inhabits Germany’s forests. It is a small, feral cat that resembles a domestic house cat. It has a thick, shaggy pelt, a large head, and a long tail. The typical wildcat weighs about three pounds. The European wildcat is endangered in Germany and the rest of the world.
The fire salamander is a lizard that lives in the rocky parts of Germany’s mountain areas. It has a black body with bright yellow stripes and reaches a length of about 10 inches. The fire salamander’s bite is poisonous to humans, so keep a respectful distance if you see one.
The Alpine ibex lives high in the Alps. Its shaggy coat and long, curved horns make it stand out. Male ibex use their horns to fight each other during mating season.
What Is Germany’s National Animal?
The national animal of Germany is the black eagle (Hieraatus spilogaster). The German coat of arms and other official emblems all feature a black eagle. It’s a darkly feathered eagle that stands about 40 inches tall. This striking bird inhabits coastal and lakeside regions.
Unfortunately, the black eagle is endangered in Germany and the rest of Europe.
Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Germany
There are many national parks and protected areas in Germany.
The Lower Oder Valley National Park protects large expanses of meadowland and riverside areas. On the banks of the Oder river, it attracts many wildlife enthusiasts. It is a major resting site for thousands of migratory birds and a huge attraction for bird watchers.
The Black Forest is a large mountain range in southwestern Germany. Established in 2014, the Black Forest National Park is a protected area where you can spot unusual species like the Alpine martmot, a large groundhog-like critter that lives in burrows on the mountains.
Extinct and Endangered Animals In Germany
Hunting and overdevelopment have caused some species to become extinct or nearly extinct.
Gray wolves became extinct in Germany, but conservation groups reintroduced them in the 1990s. They are still endangered, however, and there are only a few packs living in the mountain forests.
The Eurasian otter was also extinct after being hunted for its pelt. Recent conservation efforts have reintroduced Eurasian otter populations to German lakes and streams.
The Danube salmon is the world’s largest salmon. It can reach five feet in length. It’s an inhabitant of the river that gives it its name, but it’s the most endangered salmon in the world.
Bears became extinct in Germany in 1835. In recent years, however, biologists have spotted bears in the forests on Germany’s borders. Many believe bears will soon return to Germany.
Germany’s Unique Wildlife
Germany is home to many unique animals, and you can spot them all when you’re traveling though the mountains, forests and coastal regions. You can also visit Germany’s many national parks to see its exotic wildlife in beautiful settings.
German Animals List
- American Eskimo Dog
- Barn Owl
- Bavarian Mountain Hound
- Black Widow Spider
- Boxer Dog
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Toad
- Deutsche Bracke
- Doberman Pinscher
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- German Pinscher
- German Shepherd Guide
- Giant Schnauzer
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Great Dane
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Jack Russell
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Toy Poodle
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Germany FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Are There Wild Animals in Germany?
There are many wild animals in Germany. Although Germany has major cities and a global economy, it also has vast expanses of forest and untouched mountain areas. Its unique animals include Bavarian pine voles, West Europan hedgehogs, bicolored shrews, greater mouse-eared bat, humpback whales, common minke whales, Eurasian lynxes, and other exotic animals.
What Dangerous Animals Live in Germany?
Wild boars are the most dangerous animals in Germany. These large, feral members of the pig family will attack humans who get in their way, especially during the mating season or when protecting their piglets. There have also been many car and motorcycle accidents involving wild boars.
Ticks are another dangerous animal in Germany. These tiny bloodsuckers can transmit dangerous conditions like Lyme disease and encephalitis. You can pick up ticks while hiking or camping.
What Is the Most Common Animal in Germany?
The most common animal in Germany is the roebuck. It is also known as the Western roe deer or roebuck. The roebuck is the male of the roe deer, which is a small, graceful deer common to European forests.
A roe deer typically stands about 36 inches in height and weighs about 66 pounds.
There is a small population of totally black roe deer that inhabit the northern forests of Germany. This is the only place you can find them, and they make up about 5% of the total roe deer population.
The population of European pine martens has exploded in Germany, and Germans regularly report finding these cute but destructive critters in their attics and cars.
Red foxes have also thrived. There are hundreds of thousands of red foxes in Germany.
Red squirrels are exotic in other countries, but they are common in Germany’s woodlands. Their bright orange fur and pointed ears make them stand out in the landscape.