Welsh Springer Spaniel

Canis familiaris

Last updated: May 27, 2024
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
© rebeccaashworth/Shutterstock.com

Due to being so attached to their owners, the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not do well with being left alone and can experience separation anxiety.


Welsh Springer Spaniel Scientific Classification

Scientific Name
Canis familiaris

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Conservation Status

Welsh Springer Spaniel Facts

Name Of Young
Group Behavior
  • Social
Fun Fact
Due to being so attached to their owners, the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not do well with being left alone and can experience separation anxiety.
Most Distinctive Feature
Their long ears
Other Name(s)
Gestation Period
63 days
Easily trainable
Litter Size
6 to 8
  • Diurnal
Favorite Food
Raw diet
Common Name
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Number Of Species

Welsh Springer Spaniel Physical Characteristics

  • Brown
  • Red
  • White
Skin Type
12 to 15 years
17-19 inches
Age of Sexual Maturity
6 to 16
Age of Weaning
3 to 5 weeks

Welsh Springer Spaniel as a Pet:

General Health
Energy Level
Tendency to Chew
Family and kid friendliness
Yappiness / Barking
Separation Anxiety
Preferred Temperature
Average climate
Exercise Needs
Friendly With Other Dogs
Pure bred cost to own
$1,200 to $3,500
Dog group
Male weight
40-45 lbs
Female weight
35-45 lbs

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The Welsh springer spaniel’s birthplace is unknown, but many believe they are derived from the English cocker spaniel, making this breed well known for its excellent blood sport traits. These dogs were bred to assist huntsmen in locating feathered game by using their incredible sense of smell and projecting bark.

The Different Types of Springer Spaniels

There are two types of springer spaniels, namely the:

The difference between these two spaniels is the color of their fur. The Welsh Springer’s fur has two tones, containing white with a splash of a reddish-brown color scattered on the white base of its coat.

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Welsh Springer Spaniels have two-toned fur, mostly white, with patches of reddish-brown.


Compared to the English Springer’s coat consists of white fur with patches of black markings or liver-colored tones. These spaniels are similar in build, weight, and hunting skills, giving them the Springer name when they were hard at work searching for their game.

Fun Facts About the Welsh Springer Spaniel

  • Before guns were invented, the Welsh Springer Spaniel was mainly bred for their skilled and resourceful hunting skills.
  • The term Springer was added to their name because of the technique they used while hunting. They would leap upwards, which would scare the birds to fly towards the sky, making it easier for hunters to shoot them down so the Springer Spaniel could gather their prized possession.
  • The Welsh Springer mostly hunted pheasant and partridge but also specialized in capturing rabbits on the ground, thus giving the name the ‘Land Spaniel.’
  • The Welsh Springer is also known for taking part in dog shows. They are called Bench Springers because their charming appearance and fun-loving personality allow them to be a much-desired breed when participating in these competitions.

Pros and Cons of Owning a Welsh Springer Spaniel

Appealing temperament: they are fun-loving, intelligent, and devoted in everything they do.Distracted easily: due to a very strong sense of smell, they can quickly become absent-minded when hunting and will explore on their own.
Grooming is manageable: their coats should get brushed every 3 days to avoid their wavy locks getting knotted. Their coat should get a good trim or shave once a month to prevent the hair from becoming overgrown, especially on the ears and tail. When it comes to bath time, once a week or once a month, depending on how smelly they get.Very active: because this breed has a lot of energy and is always playful, they need a lot of exercise. Welsh Springer Spaniels need at least 2 hours of exercise per day. This can include walks, running, and dog training. They must exercise to maintain a healthy lifestyle and burn off their extra energy to prevent them from having behavioral issues.
Lifespan: they can live up to 12-15 years as long as they maintain a healthy diet and get enough exercise.Separation anxiety: the Welsh Springer likes to be near their owners at all times. When they don’t get enough recognition, they become destructive and get up to mischief.

The Best Dog Food for the Breed

The Welsh Springer Spaniel has a very sensitive stomach as its digestive system cannot absorb any flawed ingredients that include fermented carbohydrates, which is why raw food comes highly recommended for this breed. If the Springer Spaniel does ingest any of these inferior foods that contain starch it can experience:

Because they have such a love for food and will eat anything that looks and smells inviting, it results in them gaining weight. This is why it is important to provide a healthy diet containing proteins, good fats, and vegetables, allowing their gut to absorb the important vitamins and minerals, keeping them healthy and free of health risks.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Weight and Size

A Welsh Springer Spaniel has a medium build. The male’s height is 17-19 inches tall, and its weight ranges from 40-45 pounds. The female’s height is 16-18 inches tall, and her weight ranges from 35-45 pounds.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Health Issues

Their breed is prone to having certain health concerns, such as

Autoimmune Thyroiditis means that the thyroid hormone is inactive and can cause a decline in the metabolism. When managed correctly this disorder prolongs Springer’s lifespan and they will continue to prosper.

Hip and elbow dysplasia is an incurable genetic joint disorder, but if you incorporate a proper diet to prevent weight gain, this will add less pressure on their joints. You can also add supplements to the Welsh Spring Spaniel’s diet, decreasing stiffness and pain.

The eye disease referred to as Glaucoma is when there is an increase of fluid inside the eye, causing inflammation and discomfort. This can become extremely painful because the eye connects to the optic nerve, and if there’s any added pressure, it can result in permanent blindness if left untreated.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Temperament

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a very warm-hearted and energetic breed. They are always in search of love and attention, so they will make sure to stay close by as they are very protective of their family.

Due to being so attached to its owners, the Springer Spaniel does not like being left on its own and can experience separation anxiety.

Welsh Springer Spaniels get on well with other breeds, especially when they are socialized from a young age.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Maintenance and Grooming

Their fur coat is known to tangle easily as the hair strand is very fine, which results in knotting. Therefore, it is vital to incorporate regular brushing and bathing as it will prolong shedding by keeping the coat shiny and knot free.

Surprisingly they really do enjoy the grooming process as long as there is a gentle approach, they will be cooperative.

This breed needs their nails trimmed at least every 3-4 weeks, but it’s best to have their nails professionally cut as owners can often cut them too short causing them to bleed, which is painful.

Their teeth require cleaning once a week with a manual toothbrush with special dog toothpaste. Alternatively, they can go for professional cleaning once a year.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Training

When it comes to training the Springer, they need training from a young age as this will teach them to respect the owner when it comes to demands and resolving any behavior problems. This breed will respond to commands if they get proper training, making training fun and less stressful for the dog and owner. Because these dogs are very intelligent, they learn very quickly, making them very trainable.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Exercise

Their energetic nature makes them very busy dogs, which means that they require a lot of exercise, at least 2-3 hours a day. Their exercise can consist of running or playing fetch, which is a great way to keep your dog healthy and prevent them from becoming bored.

When taking your Springer out for a walk, keep a watchful eye on them as they can be very inquisitive and will go wherever a scent takes them.

Welsh Springer Spaniel Puppies

When these beautiful pups are born, their first 8 weeks of development begin. During this time, they are very dependent on their mother as they will drink milk from her to gain as many nutrients as possible, allowing them to grow and become healthy.

In the first week after birth, these pups will mostly sleep and feed; in the second week, their senses start developing, and they see and hear more clearly.

Once they learn how to start using their legs, they become more mobile, and their playful side starts to appear. Their loving personality and charming looks make this breed an all-time favorite.

Welsh Springer Spaniel and Children

Because the Springer Spaniel likes to be close to their family, they really are a wonderful breed to introduce to children.

It’s best to raise a puppy when children are young as this will allow the pup and child to have a better bonding experience by learning each other’s personalities and keeping each other occupied.

Dogs That are Similar to the Welsh Springer Spaniel

The one dog similar to the Welsh Springer Spaniel is the English Springer Spaniel. They are similar in height, weight, and hunting techniques. However, what sets them apart is their markings and different color tones on their fur.

Famous Breed

While there are no documented famous Welsh Springer Spaniels, their cousin, the American Cocker Spaniel, became popular because of the movie Lady and the Tramp

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About the Author

Kayeleen Parsons is a writer at A-Z Animals that thoroughly enjoys writing about animals of all types. She has a love for many animals, but her Cocker Spaniel dog holds a special place in her heart. In addition to being a writer, she's also an English teacher, sharing her knowledge to help her students become excellent in the language and literature. When she's not busy writing, Kayeleen enjoys reading and spending quality time with her family in her homeland of Cape Town.

Welsh Springer Spaniel FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Is a Welsh springer spaniel a good family dog?

Because the Springer Spaniel likes to be close to their family, they really are a wonderful breed to introduce to children.

Do Welsh springer spaniels bark a lot?

Yes, because they were used in hunting, they bark a lot.

What's the difference between English and Welsh Springer Spaniel?

The difference between these two spaniels is the color of their fur. The Welsh Springer’s fur is two-toned, containing white with a splash of a reddish-brown color which is scattered on the white base of its coat.

Are Welsh Springer spaniels rare?

Yes, they are rare.

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