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A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Deer


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Red Deer
Roe Deer
Formosan Reeves muntjac (endemic animals of Taiwan)
Red Deer stag at Richmond Park
A male red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.
The deer is found in the forests of Europe, Asia and North America, where most deer grow to an average of about 1 meter tall. Deer-like creatures are found in Africa, however they are all antelope and not deer.

Deer stay in herds of approximately 25 deers per herd, mainly female deer and a dominant male deer known as a stag. The male deer are protective deer and will often fight other stags to protect their herd of female deer and to protect their pride.

The male deer horns shed and regrow every year, a little like the skin on a snake. The only species of deer with exception to this annual horn shedding is the Chinese water deer.

There are around 40 different species of deer found in the woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere. There are roughly six different species of deer found in the UK alone, however, only the red deer and the roe deer are truly native to the Isles.

Deer are known as selective feeders and spend most of their time browsing for food with the deer mainly eating leaves. Deer are very selective in what they eat and deer therefore spend a great deal of time picking out the shoots, leaves, grasses and fruits that are easy for the deer to digest.

Humans have hunted deer for thousands of years and hunt the deer for the deer meat, milk and skins. Today, deer are commercially farmed for their meat, rather than being hunted, and in New Zealand alone there are over 3,000 deer farms across the two islands.

Due to hunting from humans and other large predators, and the continued loss of the deer habitat, the wild deer are becoming very vulnerable and are being pushed into smaller areas of forest that is uninhabited by larger mammals.

Deer are prey to many wild animals around the world from humans, to wolves, tigers, bears and occasionally foxes, and many other mammals will attempt to scavenge from a deer that has been killed by something else, seeing as many deer species can be quite big and are fairly fast.


Deer Comments (29)

no one

"deer are great! shame they are farmed! "

Breanna schmitz

"I think deers are peaceful."

Anonymous

"Awesome for my project "

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Deer Translations

German Deutsch
Weißwedelhirsch
 
English English
White-tailed deer
 
Spanish Español
Ciervo de Cola Blanca
 
Finnish Suomi
Valkohäntäpeura
 
French Français
Cerf de Virginie
 
Dutch Nederlands
Witstaarthert
 
Norwegian Norsk
Hvithalehjort
 
Swedish Svenska
Vitsvanshjort
 
Turkish Türkçe
Ak kuyruklu geyik
 

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Deer Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Cervidae
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Odocoileus virginiana
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Herbivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
60cm - 105cm (24in - 206in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
10kg - 450kg (22lbs - 990lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
70km/h (43mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
10 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Tan, White, Orange
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Fur
Favourite Food:Acorns
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Dense forest and planted areas
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
1
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Acorns, Fruit, Grass
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Wolf, Bear, Cougar
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Long ears and some male species have antlers

Related Animals

AntelopeAntelope
Renew their horns every year!
BongoBongo
Long and heavy spiralled horns!
KuduKudu
Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!
MooseMoose
Renews it's enormous antlers every year!
ReindeerReindeer
Also known as the Caribou!