To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
Red Deer
Roe Deer
Formosan Reeves muntjac (endemic animals of Taiwan)
Red Deer stag at Richmond Park
A male red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.
The deer is found in the forests of Europe, Asia and North America, where most deer grow to an average of about 1 meter tall. Deer-like creatures are found in Africa, however they are all antelope and not deer.

Deer stay in herds of approximately 25 deers per herd, mainly female deer and a dominant male deer known as a stag. The male deer are protective deer and will often fight other stags to protect their herd of female deer and to protect their pride.

The male deer horns shed and regrow every year, a little like the skin on a snake. The only species of deer with exception to this annual horn shedding is the Chinese water deer.

There are around 40 different species of deer found in the woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere. There are roughly six different species of deer found in the UK alone, however, only the red deer and the roe deer are truly native to the Isles.

Deer are known as selective feeders and spend most of their time browsing for food with the deer mainly eating leaves. Deer are very selective in what they eat and deer therefore spend a great deal of time picking out the shoots, leaves, grasses and fruits that are easy for the deer to digest.

Humans have hunted deer for thousands of years and hunt the deer for the deer meat, milk and skins. Today, deer are commercially farmed for their meat, rather than being hunted, and in New Zealand alone there are over 3,000 deer farms across the two islands.

Due to hunting from humans and other large predators, and the continued loss of the deer habitat, the wild deer are becoming very vulnerable and are being pushed into smaller areas of forest that is uninhabited by larger mammals.

Deer are prey to many wild animals around the world from humans, to wolves, tigers, bears and occasionally foxes, and many other mammals will attempt to scavenge from a deer that has been killed by something else, seeing as many deer species can be quite big and are fairly fast.

Deer Comments (38)


"Deer are so interesting to learn about!"




"Deer are soooooooo cute! I love love love them! <3 "

Showing 3 of 38 comments.

Show More Comments

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:

Deer Translations

German Deutsch
English English
White-tailed deer
Spanish Español
Ciervo de Cola Blanca
Finnish Suomi
French Français
Cerf de Virginie
Dutch Nederlands
Norwegian Norsk
Swedish Svenska
Turkish Türkçe
Ak kuyruklu geyik

Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Deer article.
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Deer article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Deer Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Odocoileus virginiana
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
60cm - 105cm (24in - 206in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
10kg - 450kg (22lbs - 990lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
70km/h (43mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
10 - 20 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Tan, White, Orange
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Acorns
The specific area where the animal lives...
Dense forest and planted areas
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Acorns, Fruit, Grass
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Wolf, Bear, Cougar
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Long ears and some male species have antlers

Related Animals

Renew their horns every year!
Long and heavy spiralled horns!
Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!
Renews it's enormous antlers every year!
Also known as the Caribou!