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Sloth

SlothSlothSlothA Sloth at Dallas World Aquarium, USA.A baby Sloth.A Sloth at Dallas World Aquarium, USA.A young Sloth.A Sloth sleeping, at Cincinnati Zoo, USA.A young Sloth on the Napo River in Peru.
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Sloth Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Pilosa
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Bradypodidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Bradypus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Choloepus Hoffmani
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Omnivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
50-70cm (20-28in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
4.5-6kg (10-13lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
24km/h (15mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
25-40 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Tan, White, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Leaves
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Tall trees in tropical rainforest
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Leaves, Buds, Fruit
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Eagles, Snakes, Jaguar
Special Features:Flattened face and long, sharp claws

Sloth Location

Map of Sloth Locations
Map of South America

Sloth

Sloths are tree dwelling mammals that pass their time sleeping and eating. The sloth happily eats both plants and insects, and occasionally small reptiles and birds.

The sloth is indigenous to the jungles of central and south America, with the general opinion being that the sloth cannot survive outside of this specific habitat.

The average sloth tends to be around 50 - 60cm long with a short tail of around 7cm in length. The body temperature of the sloth is usually around 30 to 34 degrees celsius (86 to 93 degrees fahrenheit). There are two main species of sloth, the two-toed sloth and the three-toed sloth.

It is thought that until recent times, larger ground sloths inhabited the jungle floor of both North and South America. As with many animal species around the world, the ground sloth is thought to have become extinct around the same time that human settlers went to these parts of the world.

Although sloths have an omnivorous diet and eat both plants and animals, the majority of the sloth's diet is made of leaves. Leaves contain very little energy and nutrition so the sloth has adapted to have a large and complex digestive system in order for the leaves to pass through the sloth effectively.

Sloths have long, sharp claws which they use to get good grip when they are climbing trees or hanging from branches. The sloth is a slow moving animal, and their long claws are the only form of defence that the sloth has. Sloths attack predators or threats by swiping at them with their claws out. Sloths are prey upon by jaguars, large birds of prey, snakes and humans.

Sloths are thought to be distantly related to animals like anteaters and armadillos. All three belong to a groups of mammals that are thought to have first evolved around 60 million years ago.

Sloths are solitary animals and only come together to mate. Sloths are known to have a load call, which is thought to increase in frequency during the mating season. After a gestation period of between 4 and 5 months, the female sloth gives birth to a single baby sloth.

Sloth Comments

Norah
"I Love Sloths and I also love this website it is really fun and intresting and very good for school"
yoyoyo
"i love this website!"
Slothshot
"Good information for a school report"
shawn
"make more facts."
Chance
"I love this article I'm doing a thing school and this has so many facts it helps me and my classmates out so much."
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First Published: 24th November 2008, Last Updated: 8th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 24 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 24 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 24 Nov 2008]

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