September 22, 2020
AZ Animals Staff
Distinctive Feature: Sharp pincers and delicate wings
Habitat: Grass and woodlands
Average Litter Size: 50
Common Name: Earwig
Number Of Species: 1800
Slogan: There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Earwig Physical Characteristics:Colour: Black. Brown, Yellow, Tan
Skin Type: Shell
Weight: 2g - 5g (0.07oz - 0.1oz)
Length: 1cm - 3cm (0.4in - 1.2in)
The earwig is a small sized insect that is found in a variety of habitats around the world. There are nearly 2,000 different species of earwig that are found throughout the American, Australian and Eurasian continents.
The earwig has a small body size, that is split into three parts in a similar way to numerous other insect species. The earwig has sharp pincers on its abdomen and large wings that generally remain concealed against the body of the earwig. Although earwigs are able to fly, they often don't.
Earwigs are nocturnal animals that often hide in small, moist crevices during the day, and are active at night. Damage to foliage, flowers, and various crops are commonly blamed on earwigs but they also eat certain insects that damage them.
The earwig is thought to get its name from people fearing that earwigs crawled into your ear to lay their eggs. Although this is not the sole intention of the earwig, it is certainly thought to be possible as they like narrow, warm spaces such as the ear canal.
The earwig is an omnivorous animal meaning that earwigs will eat almost anything they can find. Earwigs spend most of their time feeding on a wide variety of other insects and plants including flowers, fruits and leaves.
Due to their small size, earwigs have a number of natural predators wherever they live in the world. Amphibians such as frogs, newts and toads are among the most common predators of the earwig along with birds and other larger insects such as beetles.
Female earwigs lay up to 80 small eggs which hatch within a couple of weeks. Female earwigs are known to be extremely protective of their young, often watching over them until they have reached their second moult (earwigs moult 5 times over the course of their lifetime).View all 21 animals that start with E
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4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
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