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Quail

Californian quail chick (Callipepla californica) in Wellington, New ZealandBrown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophorus), Tiritiri Matangi Island, New ZealandMale California Quail (Callipepla californica)California Quail (Callipepla californica) with youngBrown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophora) Dayboro, SE Queensland, AustraliaKey West Quail-dove (Geotrygon chrysia)Male Blue-breasted Quail (Coturnix chinensis)Black-breasted Button-quailGroup of Gambel's Quails (Callipepla gambelii) in Joshua Tree National Park
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Quail Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Galliformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Phasianidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Coturnix
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Coturnix Coturnix
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Omnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
11cm - 20cm (4.5in - 7.8in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
30cm - 37cm (12in - 14.6in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
70g - 140g (2.4oz - 4.9oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
24km/h (15mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
3 - 5 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Black, White, Blue
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Favourite Food:Seeds
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Woodland and forest areas
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once
6
Main Prey:Seeds, Flowers, Insects
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Cats, Snakes, Raccoons
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Small body size and brightly coloured eggs

Quail Location

Map of Quail Locations

Quail

The quail is a small bird that inhabits woodland and forest areas around the world. There are thought to be more than 15 different species of quail, with each species of quail being found in different parts of the world and all have slightly different appearances depending on how they have adapted to their environment.

Although the quail is very small sized bird, the quail belongs to the same bird family as pheasants. Quails range in size depending on the species from the Japanese quail which is around 10cm tall to the larger mountain quail that can grow up to 25 cm tall.

Quails are generally solitary birds and spend most of their time either on their own or in a pair with just one other quail. During the mating season it is common to see large flocks of quails as family groups convoy together in groups of up to 100 quail individuals. Quails do not tend to migrate and therefore spend their lives within the same area.

In some parts of the world, quails are kept as poultry birds both for the small amount of meat that they contain and for the quail's brightly coloured eggs. These tiny coloured eggs are seen as a delicacy in some parts of the world and can often be found on menus in posh restaurants.

When quails reach 2 months old, they are then able to mate. Quails tend to breed in more open areas such as farmland and lay their eggs in nests. Quail clutch sizes can vary between one and 12 eggs depending on the species of quail and the baby quail chicks hatch out of their eggs in less than a month.

Although quails are omnivorous animals, they tend to have a primarily vegetarian diet eating seeds, wheat, barley, flowers and fruits but they will also eat insects such as worms and grasshoppers. Around 95% of the quail's diet is thought to consist of plant matter.

The quail has many natural predators, mainly due to it's small size. Snakes, raccoons, foxes, squirrels, coyotes, bobcats, skunks, dogs, cats, hawks, owls, rats and weasels are all known to hunt either the quail itself or it's vulnerable eggs. Humans are too predators of the quail but tend to eat those that have been reared in a commercial manner.

Quail Comments

Pst. Balison
"These quails in question; are they same as the Bible quails mentioned in Numbers 11? Tnx. Shalom. Cwicts"
ROTIMI
"What is the difference between the domesticated ones and the wild one and can someone cross breed them easily?"
Farmer102
"Thanks for the info. Have quail of my own and was very happy to recieve a little more knowledge!"
sweety23.Mm
"great,,, really helpful :) keep it up..."
biodun
"l know a little about quail, but how can you know the difference between male and female "
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First Published: 6th July 2009, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]

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