Animals >>


Californian quail chick (Callipepla californica) in Wellington, New ZealandBrown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophorus), Tiritiri Matangi Island, New ZealandMale California Quail (Callipepla californica)California Quail (Callipepla californica) with youngBrown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophora) Dayboro, SE Queensland, AustraliaKey West Quail-dove (Geotrygon chrysia)Male Blue-breasted Quail (Coturnix chinensis)Black-breasted Button-quailGroup of Gambel's Quails (Callipepla gambelii) in Joshua Tree National Park
[Jump to Article]

Quail Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
The name of the animal in science
Coturnix Coturnix
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
11cm - 20cm (4.5in - 7.8in)
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
30cm - 37cm (12in - 14.6in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
70g - 140g (2.4oz - 4.9oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
24km/h (15mph)
How long the animal lives for
3 - 5 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Black, White, Blue
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
Woodland and forest areas
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laid at once
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Seeds, Flowers, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Cats, Snakes, Raccoons
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Small body size and brightly coloured eggs

Quail Location

Map of Quail Locations


The quail is a small bird that inhabits woodland and forest areas around the world. There are thought to be more than 15 different species of quail, with each species of quail being found in different parts of the world and all have slightly different appearances depending on how they have adapted to their environment.

Although the quail is a very small sized bird, the quail belongs to the same bird family as pheasants. Quails range in size depending on the species from the Japanese quail which is around 10cm tall to the larger mountain quail that can grow up to 25 cm tall.

Quails are generally solitary birds and spend most of their time either on their own or in a pair with just one other quail. During the mating season, it is common to see large flocks of quails as family groups convoy together in groups of up to 100 quail individuals. Quails do not tend to migrate and therefore spend their lives within the same area.

In some parts of the world, quails are kept as poultry birds both for the small amount of meat that they contain and for the quail's brightly coloured eggs. These tiny coloured eggs are seen as a delicacy in some parts of the world and can often be found on menus in posh restaurants.

When quails reach 2 months old, they are then able to mate. Quails tend to breed in more open areas such as farmland and lay their eggs in nests. Quail clutch sizes can vary between one and 12 eggs depending on the species of quail and the baby quail chicks hatch out of their eggs in less than a month.

Although quails are omnivorous animals, they tend to have a primarily vegetarian diet eating seeds, wheat, barley, flowers and fruits but they will also eat insects such as worms and grasshoppers. Around 95% of the quail's diet is thought to consist of plant matter.

The quail has many natural predators, mainly due to its small size. Snakes, raccoons, foxes, squirrels, coyotes, bobcats, skunks, dogs, cats, hawks, owls, rats and weasels are all known to hunt either the quail itself or it's vulnerable eggs. Humans are too predators of the quail but tend to eat those that have been reared in a commercial manner.

Quail Comments

Pst. Balison
"These quails in question; are they same as the Bible quails mentioned in Numbers 11? Tnx. Shalom. Cwicts"
"What is the difference between the domesticated ones and the wild one and can someone cross breed them easily?"
"Thanks for the info. Have quail of my own and was very happy to recieve a little more knowledge!"
"great,,, really helpful :) keep it up..."
"l know a little about quail, but how can you know the difference between male and female "
Showing 5 of 23 comments.
Show More Comments

Post Comment

Please enter a nickname which you can use to identify your comment, but which others can not use to identify you. Please do not use your online usernames/handles which you use for social networking.

Article Tools

Add to Phobia Filter
Update your Quail phobia filter.
Print Article
View printer friendly version of Quail article.
Source/Reference Article
Learn how you can use or cite the Quail article in your website content, school work and other projects.

First Published: 6th July 2009, Last Updated: 10th September 2018

1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2009]

Are you Safe?

Are you Safe? is an online safety campaign by If something has upset you, the Are you Safe? campaign can help you to speak to someone who can help you.

Are you Safe?
Subscribe to A-Z Animals and enjoy our website without advertising! Subscribe Now