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Common Buzzard

A Common Buzzard at British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, EnglandCommon Buzzard (Buteo buteo)Common BuzzardA Common Buzzard in Scotland
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Common Buzzard Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Accipitriformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Accipitridae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Buteo
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Buteo Buteo
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
51cm - 57cm (20in - 22in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
110cm - 130cm (48in - 60in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
400g - 1400g (15oz - 48oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
40km/h (25mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
12 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
White, Black, Grey, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Favourite Food:Rabbit
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Countryside and woodland
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once
3
Main Prey:Rabbit. Pheasant, Lizards
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Fox, Eagle, Wildcats
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Small head and curved beak

Common Buzzard Location

Map of Common Buzzard Locations

Common Buzzard

The common buzzard is a medium sized raptor, most commonly found throughout Europe and Russia. Despite rapid declines in the UK's common buzzard population numbers a couple of hundred years ago, the common buzzard is now the most common bird of prey in Britain.

The common buzzard is found throughout Europe and Russia and also in parts of Asia and Northern Africa, where the common buzzard spends the cooler winter months. The common buzzard is found in a variety of habitats particularly woodland, moorland, scrub, pasture, arable, marsh bog, villages and even in towns and cities.

Like other medium to large sized birds of prey, the common buzzard is a generally solitary animal, hunting and feeding alone. However, it is not uncommon to see small groups of common buzzards flying together when migrating, with as many as 30 common buzzards being spotted at once.

The common buzzard is quite large with broad, rounded wings, and a short neck and tail and when gliding or soaring it will often hold its wings in a 'V' shape. Common buzzards are variable in colour from dark brown to tan, although all have dark wingtips and a finely barred tail. The call of the common buzzard resembles a mewing sound and can easily be mistaken for a cat.

The common buzzard is a large and opportunistic predator, surviving on a purely carnivorous diet. The common buzzard primarily preys on small mammals (such as rodents) and birds, along with a variety of other animals including insects, earthworms, snakes and carrion.

Due to the fact that the common buzzard is a fast and effective flyer, the common buzzard has few predators in the skies besides larger birds of prey such as eagles. On land however, the common buzzard is preyed upon by a number of ground-dwelling predators including wildcats and foxes.

Common buzzard pairs are known to mate for life and make their nest in plentiful habitats such as on the outskirts of forest or woodland. The female common buzzard lays 2 to 4 eggs which hatch after being incubated by her for about 1 month. The common buzzard chicks leave the nest (fledge) when they are about 45 days old, after being cared for by their parents (mainly the mother).

Despite once being nearly wiped out in the United Kingdom, today common buzzard populations are now thriving not only here but also across Europe, with the common buzzard being Europe's second most common raptor behind the common kestrel.

Common Buzzard Translations

български език
Обикновен мишелов
Català
Aligot comú
Cesky
Káně lesní
Dansk
Musvåge
Deutsch
Mäusebussard
English
Common Buzzard
Esperanto
Buteo
Español
Buteo buteo
Français
Buse variable
עִבְרִית
עקב חורף
Hrvatski
Obični škanjac
Italiano
Poiana
Nederlands
Buizerd
日本語
ノスリ
Polski
Myszołów zwyczajny
Português
Águia-de-asa-redonda
Slovenščina
Kanja
Suomi
Hiirihaukka
Svenska
Ormvråk
Türkçe
Bayağı şahin

Common Buzzard Comments

Mick Carroll
"We have several Buzzards residing just off the South Downs which regularly soar and circle above us making their unusual screeching. One has become very confident and most evenings will scour our front lawn for food. Coincidentally we have found unusual black feces which, upon close inspection, (not our hobby - but out of curiosity) contain beetles, bugs and other unusual items. We think this must be from our 'local' resident Buzzard. Has anyone got other ideas? Thanks, Mick. (Hooe, Sussex)"
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First Published: 5th July 2010, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]

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