Below you can find a complete list of Russian animals. We currently track 298 animals in Russia and are adding more every day!
Russia is the largest country in the world by landmass. There are more than 125,000 types of animals in Russia. Accordingly, this number is so high because of the diverse ecosystems found in Russia, including polar deserts, tundra, forest-tundra, taiga, mixed and broad-leaved forests, forest-steppe, steppe (grassland plains), semi-desert, and subtropics. Over 250 threatened animal species inhabit the country. Many different factors threaten these species, like industrial waste, oil and gas exploration, climate change, and land degradation. There are some facts about wildlife in Russia.
The Official National Animal of Russia
The official national animal of Russia is the Eurasian brown bear. Additionally, the brown bear is also the national animal of Finland and Croatia. Officials chose this symbol because it possesses many different characteristics. People living in Russia view it as a strong animal that is resilient and persevering.
You can find the largest Eurasian brown bear population in the world in Russia’s Ural Mountain range. Climate change, human development, and other factors have cut down their populations annually. While the Russian military often portrays this symbol as ferocious, the government sometimes uses other forms for the bear, occasionally in stuffed animal form.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals
There are many places you can find wild animals in Russia. Types of animals vary depending on climate and environment, ranging in diversity across the country.
- Arctic Fox — You can find arctic foxes in the wild at the Bering Sea’s Commander Islands.
- Wild Boar— Humans introduced wild boars into the Ural Mountains range in the 1930s, and it is still a unique place to see them.
- Red Deer — Find the largest red deer herds in Russia on the Taymyr Peninsula.
- Eurasian Lynx — See this unique animal in coniferous forests from the western borders up to Kamchatka and Sakhalin.
- Siberian Tigers — There are many Siberian tigers in Russia’s birch forests. In particular, look in the Sikhote-Alin Range in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk provinces to see these unique animals.
- Polar Bears — Wrangel Island has the highest density of polar bear dens in the world. One of the reasons for this fact is that the area is highly undeveloped. Located in Russia’s Arctic Far East, Wrangel Island is often called the polar bear maternity wing.
Animals native to Russia, such as the Eurasian lynx and the Siberian tiger, are experiencing population decline as a result of human encroachment, habitat destruction, and climate change. While conservation efforts are in place, it remains important to remember rules and regulations when visiting this exquisite country.
Russia is a country that provides habitats for many species of birds, some of which are unique and can only be found in the region. Many migratory birds also pass through Russia during their seasonal journeys, making it an important stopover along their routes.
The various climates across Russia provide suitable homes to over 500 species of native birds, including large predators like eagles and hawks, as well as smaller songbirds such as finches and sparrows. These diverse bird populations make for colorful and vibrant skies above Russian cities and towns, providing a wonderful spectacle for locals to enjoy all year round!
Most sea and marine avian species reside in the Russian Arctic. Such birds usually choose rocky cliffs to nest upon, providing space for multitudes of birds. Listed are common avifauna found here:
- Waterfowl — Brent goose; common eider
- Waders — Purple sandpiper
- Skuas — Arctic and Pomarine
- Auks — Atlantic puffin
- Gulls — Glaucus and ivory
- Passerines — Snow bunting
In Far East Russia, a multitude of bird species exists, including many that are rare or endangered. Around 200 plus species were recorded in this territory. Below are several examples.
- Spoon-billed sandpiper — highly endangered
- 14 species of auks — Horned puffins, tufted puffins, parakeets, whiskered auklets, rhinoceros auklets, spectacled guillemots
- Steller’s sea eagle — one of the highest concentrations
- Laysan albatross
- Mottled petrel, fork-tailed storm petrel
- Red-faced cormorant
Russia is home to many native animals, including several avian species. Some popular native birds include Siberian grouse, Pere David’s snow finch, the Pacific loon, the Eurasian skylark, the watercock, and the middle spotted woodpecker.
Russia is ninth in the world for producing fish as it includes an exclusive economic zone, accessing 12 seas in three oceans, along with over 2 million rivers and the landlocked Caspian Sea. Popular fish species to catch include:
Marine, inland, and river fishing are all favorable pastimes in Russia, available during most of the year, regardless of lowered winter temperatures. Many fishermen worldwide visit the country to fish its waters and experience the ice-cold thrill.
- Trout — Lake, Brook, or Rainbow; subspecies Taimen in impressive sizes (up to 5 feet!); May to October is the best time to catch these delicious fish
- Salmon — Pacific and Atlantic; subspecies include landlocked lake and Caspian Sea salmon or river salmon. However, each species differs in season, so it’s best to go with a guide.
- Northern Pike — Popular to ice fish in the dead of winter, the best season is from May to June.
- Zander — One of the most widespread species; popular among beginners and found year-round
- Perch — Small fish found in most rivers year-round; the best time is early spring
One of the unique fish species to exist was found in the depths of the North Russian seas. The “alien fish” is monster-esque, with frightening teeth and humongous eyeballs. In addition to this strange fish, other mysterious sea creatures have also been found in Russian waters.
Russia is home to a large number of snake species, some venomous and some not. The diversity of habitats in Russia, from the frozen tundra to the forested areas further south, provides an ideal environment for snakes to thrive.
Some of the most common species found in Russia include European adders, grass snakes, smooth snakes, steppe vipers, and Aesculapian Snakes. These species have adapted well to their environments and can survive despite the extreme temperatures that characterize so much of this vast country. It is estimated that there are more than 100 different snake species spread across many regions throughout Russia.
Despite the extreme temperatures and environments of Russia, various snake species, venomous and not, still roam its provinces.
Non-venomous species in Russia include:
- Smooth snake
- Dice snake
- Grass snake
- Blotched snake
Venomous species found in Russia are:
- Common European adder
- Blunt-nosed viper
- European cat snake
- Japanese striped snake
Countless other snake species make their home in Russia. If bitten by one of these sneaky reptiles, it is always important to seek professional medical attention, even if the species is considered nonvenomous. Certain allergic reactions may occur, and it is best to be cautious in these situations.
3 Largest Animals in Russia
Some of the largest animals in Russia are the Siberian tiger (also known as the Amur tiger), the brown bear, and the Caucasian Wisent. The Siberian Tiger can grow up to 10 feet long and weigh up to 500 pounds! They typically live in taiga forests with dense vegetation and deep snow cover but have been spotted as far south as Beijing.
Another very large animal is the brown bear which is native throughout much of Russia’s temperate forest regions. Male bears can weigh up to 1,000 pounds and measure over 7 feet tall when standing on their hind legs! Brown bears generally inhabit coniferous forests that offer plenty of food sources, such as salmon or berries.
The European bison, also known as the wisent, is another huge animal in Russia and can reach an average of 1,345 lb. This species is native to Europe but has been introduced to parts of Asia and North America. To survive in its natural environment, it feeds on grasses, leaves from shrubs and trees, herbs, and mushrooms.
3 Rarest Animals in Russia
The three rarest animals in Russia that are still alive and not extinct include the Amur Leopard, Polar Bear, and Snowy Owl.
The Amur Leopard is an endangered species of leopard that lives mainly in the mountain forests of southeastern Russia. They prefer to live in habitats with dense vegetation, such as rocky areas or forested hillsides.
Polar Bears inhabit the Arctic Circle regions around northern Siberia and are distinguished by their white fur, which helps them blend into their snowy surroundings. These majestic creatures rely on sea ice for hunting seals and other prey items during winter months when food is scarce.
Snowy Owls can be found living across vast expanses of tundra from western Alaska to eastern Eurasia, inhabiting areas from treeless plains to shorelines with grasslands or marshes nearby. These owls typically hunt small rodents like mice or voles during nighttime hours, taking advantage of their exceptional hearing capabilities to find these prey items even under deep snow coverings.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Russia Today
Two of the most dangerous animals in Russia are bears and wolves. Bears can be found throughout Russia, with brown bears inhabiting densely forested areas from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Coast. These powerful predators can weigh over 1100 pounds and have been known to kill humans when provoked or surprised by their presence.
Wolves also inhabit much of Russia’s woodlands, forests, tundra, and steppes. Both species pose a serious risk to humans who venture into remote parts of the Russian wilderness without taking proper precautions.
While most wildlife in Russia is not dangerous, there are some animals that you should avoid contact with to stay safe. Keeping these facts in mind can help save your life.
- Ticks — Ticks can carry encephalitis and Lyme disease. This can lead to swelling of the brain, seizures, and the inability to move.
- Northern Viper – The Northern viper can grow up to 31.5 inches long and have fangs up to 1.5 inches long. While it prefers to avoid human contact, it will bite if startled. That bite can be deadly.
- Eurasian Brown Bears – About 50% of all brown bears in the world live in Russia. These powerful bears can kill with a single swipe of their paw. Most bear attacks are by single bears, with many occurring when something wakes the bear up during winter hibernation.
- Grey Wolves — As habitat has disappeared, grey wolves have moved into neighborhoods, which has led to more grey wolf attacks. While facts show that they often hunt in packs, single attacks have occurred. The grey wolf prefers to dine on fish, but overfishing has lowered that number.
- Wild boars — Wild boars use their tusk as their primary weapon. Since they cannot see well, they often attack anything that they deem a threat to them. These animals can run up to 30 miles per hour and have maintained that speed for over 1 mile.
- Karakurt spider — Normally found in the Astrakhan Region, the Karakurt spider can migrate north when temperatures rise. If you get bitten by this spider that typically lives in ravines, then you can hold a hot match to the bite to remove the poison. In all cases, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
- Lynx — Lynxes often hang out in trees, where they jump down on their prey. They usually target the neck.
Endangered Russian Animals
Hunting, poaching, and industrialization are three factors that contribute to the increase in endangered animals in Russia annually. Hunting is one of the most influential human activities contributing to species decline and extinction worldwide, including in Russia. More specifically, hunting for fur or sport has caused substantial losses to some animal populations as well as entire species extinctions.
Poaching is another major threat faced by many Russian animal species. This illegal activity can involve a wide range of practices, such as trapping birds to sell their feathers or killing large mammals for their meat or body parts.
Finally, industrialization has led to a significant loss of natural habitats due to logging, mining, and other forms of land development, which have had a tremendous impact on wildlife across Russia. All these activities together have caused an alarming decrease in native species abundance over the years, with many now facing extinction if immediate action isn’t taken soon enough.
Some of the top endangered animals include:
- Amur Leopard
- Saiga Antelope
- Ussuri Dhole
- North Pacific Right Whale
- Muisk Vole
- Asiatic Lion
- Persian Leopard
- Siberian Tiger
- Snow Leopard
- European Mink
- West Caucasian Tur
- For a complete list, see HERE.
Zoos of Russia
Zoos and aquariums in Russia serve as educational facilities where people can learn about different species from around the world and understand how these creatures interact with one another within their environments. They also help preserve endangered species by providing them with safe spaces to breed in captivity until they can be reintroduced into their natural habitats.
In Russian zoos, you can find many different kinds of animals, including polar bears, tigers, elephants, camels, reindeer, and more! You will also see some unique birds, such as cranes, that live in Russia’s wetlands regions like Siberia.
There are also plenty of opportunities at Russian zoos to get up close and personal with some of your favorite furry friends! From petting zoo sessions to feeding times, visitors can make meaningful connections with animals through these interactive experiences. Additionally, there may be special events taking place throughout the year featuring guest speakers or animal shows that display behaviors we might never witness out in nature otherwise!
The large country of Russia holds around 32 zoos and aquariums. Out of these, several are considered the most popular; these are ranked below.
- Novosibirisk Zoo: Home to a “liger,” a crossbred lion and tiger, this zoo is one of the largest in the country, with countless other impressive species such as white tigers, polar bears, leopards, and dolphins. Several native species are on exhibit, as well, including Siberian lynxes and Pallas’s cats. The Novosibirisk Zoo was established in 1933 and is now recognized for its role in conservation efforts, protecting around 350 endangered species and dedicated to educational programs.
- Leningrad Zoo: At the center of St. Petersburg, Leningrad Zoo is the oldest in Russia. Exhibits in Leningrad Zoo are specially designed to keep the occupants comfortable through Russian temperature extremes, perfect for monkeys, owls, polar bears, and tigers. Twice monthly free days are provided to patrons, educational programs are directed within the zoo, and feeding shows also draw in visitors.
- Ishevsk Zoo: Concentrated on endangered species conservation efforts, Ishevsk Zoo was opened in 2008, commemorating the 450th anniversary of the Udmurt Republic joining Russia. A majority of the 300 species in the zoo are considered endangered, and a large number are native to Russia. Brown bears, wolves, Amur tigers, leopards, walruses, and snowy owls are a few examples of species located within the zoo.
- Moscow Zoo: Known as the largest zoo in Russia and the first in the world to establish educational programs, the Moscow Zoo opened as a living museum outdoors’ in the 1860s. The zoo relies on housing animals in habitats resembling their natural environments, keeping them comfortable and giving them plenty of room. Popular birds of prey, savannah species, big cats, apes, and many more species are found in this zoo. The Moscow Zoo highly encourages scientific research efforts, continuing conservation worldwide.
Amazingly, many Russian zoos work closely with conservation groups, maintaining educational programs for locals and visitors, crucial in preserving and protecting native and exotic species of the expansive, diverse country.
The Flag of Russia
The national flag of Russia is a horizontal tricolor of equally sized fields: white on top, blue in the middle, and red at the bottom.
The national flag of Russia is a symbol of the nation’s pride and strength. It represents its people, values, and history. The white field on top stands for openness and nobility, while the blue in the middle represents loyalty, integrity, and truthfulness. Red at the bottom signifies love, courage, bravery, and passion — all key attributes of Russian citizens.
These colors were chosen with great thought to represent these important traits, as they are seen as essential to being a good citizen in Russia. This tricolor design was used during World War I by soldiers who fought against German invaders in order to show their unity and patriotism for their country. Since then, it has become an iconic symbol associated with Russian culture.
Fish in Russia
Russia is home to a wide variety of fish, including some that are incredibly beautiful. One of the most striking species is the sterlet sturgeon, which can be found in Russia’s rivers and seas. Its silver scales shimmer in the light, making it an impressive sight for any angler or nature enthusiast. The beluga sturgeon also stands out due to its unique shape and size. This species can reach up to 20 feet long! Other popular fish include carp, roach, perch, and pike – all common catches for fishermen throughout Russia.
When it comes to sheer size, however, nothing beats the enormous catfish found in Russian waters. These giants can measure up to 10 feet long and weigh as much as 200 pounds! Sturgeons are also known for their tremendous girth. They have been known to reach lengths of 15 feet while weighing over 1000 lbs! Taimen trout is another large game fish native to Russia. These huge trout can grow well over 4 feet in length with weights surpassing 50 lbs!
For those interested in freshwater fish within Russia, there are plenty available. Popular small-sized fish include chub, bream, barrel, and ide. On the larger side, you can see burbot, wels catfish, and zander.
Russian Animals List
- Adélie Penguin
- Admiral Butterfly
- Alabai (Central Asian Shepherd)
- Alaskan Pollock
- Amur Leopard
- Angora Goat
- Arctic Char
- Arctic Fox
- Asian Lady Beetle
- Asiatic Black Bear
- Atlantic Cod
- Barbut’s Cuckoo Bumblebee
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Beauty rat snake
- Bed Bugs
- Beewolf wasp
- Beluga Sturgeon
- Biscuit Beetle
- Black Russian Terrier
- Black Widow Spider
- Booted Bantam
- Box Tree Moth
- Brazilian Treehopper
- Brown Bear
- Brown Dog Tick
- Camel Cricket
- Carpenter Ant
- Caucasian Mountain Dog (Shepherd)
- Caucasian Shepherd
- Chinese Geese
- Cinereous Vulture
- Codling Moth
- Common Buzzard
- Common European Adder
- Common Furniture Beetle
- Common House Spider
- Common Raven
- Crab Spider
- Crucian Carp
- Diving Bell Spider (Water Spider)
- Dog Tick
- Dung Beetle
- East Siberian Laika
- Egyptian Vulture
- Emperor Goose
- Eurasian Bullfinch
- Eurasian Eagle-owl
- Eurasian Lynx
- Eurasian Nuthatch
- Eurasian Wolf
- European Bee-Eater
- European Goldfinch
- European Robin
- False Widow Spider
- Flying Squirrel
- Forest Cuckoo Bumblebee
- Fruit Fly
- German Cockroach
- Glass Lizard
- Golden Eagle
- Golden Oriole
- Grass Carp
- Grass Spider
- Green Bee-Eater
- Grey Heron
- Gypsy Moth
- Hawk Moth Caterpillar
- Herring Gull
- Honey Bee
- Honey Buzzard
- Horseshoe Crab
- Huntsman Spider
- Japanese rat snake
- Kaluga Sturgeon
- King Salmon
- Kokanee Salmon
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- Moscow Watchdog
- No See Ums
- Northern Pintail
- Ocean Perch
- Old House Borer
- Orb Weaver
- Ortolan Bunting
- Pantaloon Bee
- Peacock Butterfly
- Peppered Moth
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pine Marten
- Pink Salmon
- Pit Viper
- Polar Bear
- Pond Skater
- Raccoon Dog
- Rat Snakes
- Red Deer
- River Turtle
- Roe Deer
- Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)
- Russian Bear Dog
- Russian Blue
- Sable Ferret
- Sand Crab
- Sand Lizard
- Sandhill Crane
- Sea Eagle
- Short-Eared Owl
- Siberian Ibex
- Siberian Tiger
- Sika Deer
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Smokybrown Cockroach
- Snow Leopard
- Snowy Owl
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Swallowtail Butterfly
- Swedish Elkhound
- Taimen Fish
- Tawny Owl
- Thornback Ray
- Tiger Beetle
- Tiger Moth
- Tree Frog
- Tundra Swan
- Ural owl
- Water Buffalo
- Wax Moth
- West Siberian Laika
- White Ferret / Albino Ferrets
- White-Tailed Eagle
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
- Wood Bison
- Woodlouse Spider
- Woolly Rhinoceros
- Xeme (Sabine’s Gull)
- Yakutian Laika
- Yellow-Bellied Sea Snake
- Zebra Mussels
Russia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals are common in Russia?
There are many common animals in Russia. The most common type of animal is dogs. Russians have registered about 70,000 German spitzes, 45,000 Yorkshire terriers, 41,000 Chihuahuas, and 24,000 German shepherds. There are also many types of wildlife in Russia.
What is the rarest animal in Russia?
There are many rare animals in Russia. One of the rarest animals in Russia is the Amur leopard. There may be less than 80 of these rare animals left in the wild. Worldwide, it is the most endangered member of the leopard family. These rare animals can reach speeds up to 27 miles per hour, and they can jump straight up more than 16 feet. This leopard is also called the Far East leopard, the Manchurian leopard or the Korean leopard.
What is the most dangerous animal in Russia?
The most dangerous animal in Russia is the tick. They can make people sick before a person even knows that they have been bit. These blood-sucking animals carry Lyme and encephalitis. One of the reasons they are so dangerous is that they live in the same areas as people while most dangerous animals in Russia live in remote locations.
What is the biggest animal in Russia?
Polar bears are one of the biggest animals in Russia. It is the largest extant bear species and the largest carnivore on earth. Adult male polar bears weigh 1,763 pounds on average. They can stand over 13 feet tall when they are standing on their back legs. Despite being one of the biggest animals in Russia, they can run at speeds up to 31 miles per hour. A polar bear has swum 372 miles when there was no ice.