Below you can find a complete list of Russian animals. We currently track 151 animals in Russia and are adding more every day!
Russia is the largest country in the world by landmass. There are more than 125,000 different species of animals in Russia. This number is so high because of the diverse ecosystems found in Russia, including polar deserts, tundra, forest-tundra, taiga, mixed and broad-leaved forests, forest-steppe, steppe, semi-desert, and subtropics. There are over 250 threatened animal species in the country. Many different factors threaten these species, like industrial waste, oil and gas exploration, climate change, and land degradation. There are some facts about wildlife in Russia.
The Official National Animal of Russia
The official national animal of Russia is the Eurasian brown bear. It is also the national animal of Finland and Croatia. Officials chose this symbol because it shows many different characteristics. People living in Russia view it as a strong animal that is resilient and preservers. You can find the largest Eurasian brown bear population in the world in Russia’s Ural Mountains range. Climate change, human development, and other factors cut down on their number annually. While the Russian military often portrays this symbol as fierce, the government uses this symbol as other times as cute stuffed bears.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Russia
There are many places you can find wild animals in Russia. Some of them are cute, so you may want to consider planning a trip to see the cute ones.
- Arctic Fox– One area where you can see arctic foxes in the wild is the Bering Sea’s Commander Islands.
- Wild Boar– People introduced wild boars into the Ural Mountains range in the 1930s, and it is still a unique place to see them.
- Red Deer– Find the largest red deer herds in Russia on the Taymyr Peninsula.
- Eurasian Lynx– See this unique animal in coniferous forests from the western borders up to Kamchatka and Sakhalin.
- Siberian Tigers– There are many Siberian tigers in Russia’s birch forests. In particular, look in the Sikhote-Alin Range in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk provinces to see these unique animals.
- Polar Bears – Wrangel Island has the highest density of polar bear dens in the world. One of the reasons for this fact is that the area is very undeveloped. This region in Russia’s Arctic Far East is often called the polar bear maternity wing.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Russia Today
While most wildlife in Russia is not dangerous, there is some wildlife that you need to try to avoid contact with to stay safe. Keeping these facts in mind can help save your life.
- Ticks – Ticks can carry encephalitis and Lyme disease. This can lead to swelling of the brain, seizures, and the inability to move.
- Northern Viper – The Northern viper can grow up to 31.5 inches long and have fangs up to 1.5 inches long. While it prefers to avoid human contact, it will bite if startled. That bite can be deadly.
- Eurasian Brown Bears – About 50% of all brown bears in the world live in Russia. These powerful bears can kill with a single swipe of their paw. Most bear attacks are by single bears, with many occurring when something wakes the bear up during winter hibernation.
- Grey Wolves – As habitat has disappeared, grey wolves have moved into neighborhoods, which has led to more grey wolf attacks. While facts show that they often hunt in packs, but single attacks have occurred. The grey wolf prefers to dine on fish, but overfishing has lowered that number.
- Wild boars – Wild boars use their tusk as their primary weapon. Since they cannot see well, they often attack anything that they deem a threat to them. These animals can run up to 30 miles per hour and have maintained that speed for over 1 mile.
- Karakurt spider – Normally found in the Astrakhan Region, the Karakurt spider can migrate north when temperatures rise. If you get bitten by this spider that lives typically in ravines, then you can hold a hot match to the bite to remove the poison. In all cases, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
- Lynx – Lynxes often hang out in trees, where they jump down on their prey. They usually target the neck.
Endangered Animals In Russia
Hunting, poaching, industrialization and other factors continue to increase the number of endangered animals in Russia annually. Some of the top endangered animals include:
- Amur Leopard
- Saiga Antelope
- Ussuri Dhole
- North Pacific Right Whale
- Muisk Vole
- Asiatic Lion
- Persian Leopard
- Siberian Tiger
- Snow Leopard
- European Mink
- West Caucasian Tur
Russian Animals List
- Amur Leopard
- Angora Goat
- Arctic Fox
- Asiatic Black Bear
- Barn Owl
- Black Russian Terrier
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Raven
- Crab Spider
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Horseshoe Crab
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Polar Bear
- Pond Skater
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Russian Bear Dog
- Russian Blue
- Sand Lizard
- Siberian Tiger
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snow Leopard
- Snowy Owl
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
- Wood Bison
- Yakutian Laika
Animals in Russia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals are common in Russia?
There are many common animals in Russia. The most common type of animal is dogs. Russians have registered about 70,000 German spitzes, 45,000 Yorkshire terriers, 41,000 Chihuahuas, and 24,000 German shepherds. There are also many types of wildlife in Russia.
What is the rarest animal in Russia?
There are many rare animals in Russia. One of the rarest animals in Russia is the Amur leopard. There may be less than 80 of these rare animals left in the wild. Worldwide, it is the most endangered member of the leopard family. These rare animals can reach speeds up to 27 miles per hour, and they can jump straight up more than 16 feet. This leopard is also called the Far East leopard, the Manchurian leopard or the Korean leopard.
What is the most dangerous animal in Russia?
The most dangerous animal in Russia is the tick. They can make people sick before a person even knows that they have been bit. These blood-sucking animals carry Lyme and encephalitis. One of the reasons they are so dangerous is that they live in the same areas as people while most dangerous animals in Russia live in remote locations.
What is the biggest animal in Russia?
Polar bears are one of the biggest animals in Russia. It is the largest extant bear species and the largest carnivore on earth. Adult male polar bears weigh 1,763 pounds on average. They can stand over 13 feet tall when they are standing on their back legs. Despite being one of the biggest animals in Russia, they can run at speeds up to 31 miles per hour. A polar bear has swum 372 miles when there was no ice.