Below you can find a complete list of Mongolian animals. We currently track 152 animals in Mongolia and are adding more every day!
The country of Mongolia is home to a variety of unique animals. Some of the more well-known animals include Bactrian camels, musk deer, and the Black-tailed gazelle. The snow leopard is one of the rarer species in Mongolia along with the snowcock. This country is unique in that it has an abundance of many types of animals including 139 mammal species, 449 bird species, 22 reptile species, 76 fish species, and 6 amphibian species.
The Official National Animal of Mongolia
The national animal of Mongolia is the Przewalski’s horse. It’s also known as the Mongolian horse or the Takh. The Przewalski’s horse is smaller than the typical domestic horse growing to just 4 feet tall. This horse is related to the zebra and has a black stripe on its back. Though these look a lot like domestic horses, they are born to be wild!
This unique horse is a symbol of strength and endurance. Its powerful body is designed to withstand the extremely cold, windy conditions in Mongolia. Takh means ‘spirit’ or ‘holy horse.’ Legends surround these unique horses. One legend is that Genghis Khan rode a Takh as he strived to conquer the world.
Przewalski horses were once categorized as Extinct. Many were the victims of big game hunters or lost their habitat due to farmland expansion. However, with the help of breeding programs, their population has escaped the category of Extinct and is slowly growing. Now, they’re categorized as Endangered. Scientists estimate there are 178 mature individuals alive today.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Mongolia Today
Like other countries, Mongolia is home to both non-aggressive as well as dangerous animals. Some of the most dangerous animals in Mongolia include:
- Common Adder-The common adder is one of four venomous snakes living in Mongolia. Though they are not aggressive, they do bite if threatened. This snake blends well with its environment, so many bites occur when they are stepped on. Fortunately, there are only 14 recorded human deaths from common adders since 1876! Though a common adder’s bite is not likely to be fatal, it is very painful and can require a trip to the hospital for treatment.
- Halys Pit Viper-This is another venomous snake found in Mongolia. The number of humans bitten by the Halys Pit Viper is unknown. However, a bite from this snake causes swelling, bruising, and blistering where the bite occurred. In short, their bite is painful, but not likely to be fatal.
- Mongolian Death Worm-This animal is said to live beneath the sands of the Gobi Desert. This is one of those creatures with a lot of stories surrounding it that vary in accuracy. In fact, a Russian author named Yefremov wrote a science fiction novel based on this animal. It is said to measure two feet long and can spray venom at its prey. Other stories claim a Mongolian Death Worm’s skin is poisonous and can cause death if it’s touched. Through most of the last century, many individuals claim to have seen this animal. But some scientists say what people are seeing is the Tartar sand boa constrictor. This snake doesn’t have any of the characteristics attributed to the Mongolian Death Worm.
- Mongolian Wolf-This large predator is a species of gray wolf living in Mongolia. Like other types of wolves, the Mongolian wolf likes to stay hidden from people. But, if someone wandered into this wolf’s territory or approach its young, it would likely turn aggressive.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Mongolia
Animals in Mongolia that are Endangered or at risk of extinction are fortunate to have some safe areas of land to live on. These include national parks and wildlife preserves. Discover where to find the top wild animals in Mongolia:
- Przewalski’s Horse – The habitat of these sturdy horses includes steppes and forests. Hustai National Park is one place in Mongolia where these horses wander.
- Siberian Musk Deer – These unique animals live on the taiga and in mountainous areas. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park is home to many of them. Their population has decreased in part due to big game hunters.
- Brown Bear – The habitat of this large predator is mountainous desert. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park serves as home to many of these brown bears.
- Snow Leopard – The habitat of another large predator namely the snow leopard includes mountainous areas and cliffs. Some of them reside in Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park.
- Altai Snow Cocks – These birds look like partridges and live in the mountains. Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park is home to many of them.
- Bactrian Camels – This animal lives in the harsh climate of the Gobi Desert. They are found in Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park as well.
Endangered Animals in Mongolia
Mongolia is home to many animals that are either Endangered or Critically Endangered. Habitat loss, loss of food source and big game hunting are all reasons for decreasing animal populations. Some examples of Endangered animals in Mongolia:
Mongolian Animals List
- Adelie Penguin
- Bactrian Camel
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Camel Cricket
- Carpenter Ant
- Chinese Geese
- Common Buzzard
- Common Raven
- Crab Spider
- Dung Beetle
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Long-Eared Owl
- Masked Palm Civet
- Monitor Lizard
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Siberian Tiger
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snow Leopard
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Mongolia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Mongolia?
There are a variety of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish living in Mongolia. Przewalski’s horse (once considered Extinct) is one of the most notable members of Mongolian wildlife.
Are there tigers in Mongolia?
No, but Mongolia is home to a couple of cats including the Pallas cat and the snow leopard. The Pallas cat looks a lot like a domestic cat in a household!
What is the most common animal in Mongolia?
While many animals are Endangered in Mongolia you can see some in large groups. Wild sheep have been seen in herds including thousands of members.
Are there big cats in Mongolia?
The snow leopard is one example. The Pallas cat is another member of the Felidae family in Mongolia.