Below you’ll find a list of Greek animals alongside fantastic pictures. We currently track 138 animals in Greece and add more daily!
Although most of us think of coastlines when we think of Greece, the country has a mixed topography. It has snowy mountains, subtropical forests, rocky and sandy coasts, wetlands, and grasslands. Besides its mainland, Greece comprises more than 3,000 islands.
This means you’ll find a huge number of unique animal and plant species. According to one report by the World Wildlife Fund, Greece has more biodiversity than any country in Europe.
The Official National Animal of Greece
Greece’s national animal is the common dolphin (Delphinus delphis ). Greece is home to three other dolphin species: the striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba), the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), and the Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus).
In the Corinthian Gulf, common dolphins, striped dolphins and Rossi’s dolphins live together in mixed communities. This is the only mixed dolphin community in the world.
Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Greece
There are many scenic areas where you can spot wildlife and birds in Greece. Dadia Forest is home to many important bird species, including peregrine falcons and hoopoes.
Northern Greece has two well-known wildlife sanctuaries. Pindos National Park is one of the few places where you can see bears in Greece. Prespa National Park is a refuge for lynxes, wild cats, and deer.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Greece Today
Greece does not have many animals that are dangerous to humans. For instance, it has many sharks, but most of them are harmless.
There are some marine animals that can spoil your swimming.
Stingrays live in the waters surrounding Greece. Their venom won’t kill you, but it is very painful. If you see them in the water, keep a safe distance from them.
If you go scuba diving, keep an eye out for the scorpionfish. This deadly predator can blend with its surroundings and wait for its prey to approach. Although it’s a small fish, its venom can be fatal to humans.
Extinct and Endangered Animals in Greece
- The Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) is the only earless seal found in tropical regions. Half the world’s monk seal population lives in Greece. They are critically endangered, and only a few hundred exist in the wild.
- Loggerhead turtles: These huge turtles (Caretta caretta) go back to prehistoric times. They have lived in our oceans for more than 100 million years. Like all sea turtles, loggerheads are endangered.
- Basking shark: After the whale shark, the basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) is the second-largest fish in the sea. This odd-looking fish has remained unchanged since prehistoric days. This docile fish feeds on plankton and is harmless to humans. Basking sharks are protected by most maritime laws.
- The wild cat of Crete (Felis silvestris) is an endemic subspecies of the European wild cat. It is unique to the Greek island of Crete. This beautiful, elusive cat was once considered extinct, but biologists have discovered a small population on the island.
A Wonderful Mix of Wildlife
Greece has an amazing mix of animals. Goats and donkeys are popular domesticated animals. The waters are home to huge, gentle sea creatures, and its forests are filled with rare birds, bears, deer and lynxes. Greece’s natural areas are the best places to see these unique animals in their natural setting.
Greek Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Greece FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Kind of Animals Live in Greece?
Since prehistoric times, the Greek people have had a close connection to animals and wildlife.
Eurasian Lynx: The Eurasian Lynx is Europe’s third largest predator after bears and wolves. This medium-sized wild cat has black, pointed ears and large, fluffy feet. The Eurasian lynx has a “least concern” conservation status.
Golden jackal: These members of the dog family are known as “nature’s cleaners” because they eat waste products. They eat rodents, carrion and fallen fruits. Golden jackals have fur that ranges from creamy yellow to dark gold. Once hunted as pests, golden jackals now flourish in Greece.
Gray wolf: Once the most widespread wolf species in the world, gray wolves were hunted to extinction in many European countries. Greece is one of the few European countries with a healthy gray wolf population.
Goats: According to the European Union’s Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries report, Greece has more goats than any country in the European Union. Goats are important sources of meat and of dairy products like Greek yogurt and feta cheese. There are more than 3 million goats in Greece.
What Dangerous Animals Live in Greece?
Venomous snakes: Greece has 23 snake species, and only a handful of them are venomous. The ohia snake (Vipera ammodytesis) is the best-known poisonous snake in Greece.
Scorpions: These stinging arachnids have been around since prehistoric times. Scientists believe they evolved 300 million years ago and have remained unchanged. A scorpion can live up to a year without any food.
How Many Species of Animal Live in Greece?
- 115 mammal species.
- 446 bird species.
- 22 amphibian species.
- 64 reptile species.
- 476 marine fish species.
- 162 freshwater fish species.
- 30,000 to 50,000 invertebrates.