China

Updated: June 28, 2022
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Below you can find a complete list of Chinese animals. We currently track 352 animals in China and are adding more every day!

As one of 17 megadiverse countries, China is home to a great majority of the world’s animal species. There are many animals native to China, a variety of which are endemic. Over 7,500 types of animals exist within the country, around 800 of which are threatened by extinction along with several that have unfortunately died out.

The Official National Animal of China

The animal most closely associated with China, the giant panda, is also its official national animal. Native to south-central China, the giant panda is a folivore, meaning that it subsists almost exclusively on leaves. Nearly 99% of the giant panda’s diet consists of bamboo shoots and leaves.

Giant pandas are primarily found in the mountain ranges of the Sichuan Province. Some are also found in Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. Years ago, these giant bears were driven out of lowland areas, and their numbers started dwindling. It has been estimated that there are now approximately 1,600 giant pandas in the wild; some estimates put the figure as high as 3,000 individuals. As a result, in 2016, the IUCN reclassified the giant panda status from “Endangered” to “Vulnerable.”

The giant panda has long been the national animal of China. It is considered a “living fossil,” and its distinctive large, black-and-white appearance and benevolent behavior make it beloved among humans.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals

There’s a wide array of native animals in China. Listed are some of the most popular types of animals in China and where to find them:

  • Red Panda – Also known as the lesser panda, the red panda is the only living species of the genus Ailuridae. The genus’s name is derived from the Ancient Greek word for “cat” due to the creature’s cat-like appearance and behavior. This panda is primarily found in the Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, but it’s been found as far east as Shaanxi Province too. You can find it in many Chinese zoos.
  • Chinese Giant Salamander – Although it looks a lot like a Komodo dragon, the Chinese giant salamander is actually an amphibian. The largest species of giant salamander, it can grow up to 6 feet long, weighs up to 130 pounds, and may live for an average of 60 years. Although listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN, millions are raised for food on farms every year. Find great examples at the Beijing Zoo, the Beijing Blue Zoo, and the Shanghai Aquarium.
  • Tibetan Macaque – Endemic to Tibet, central and southern China, and eastern India, the Tibetan macaque is the largest breed of macaque in the world. With their hairless faces, bearded heads, and large bodies, they are popular with tourists. Find them at Monkey Valley in the Yellow Mountains Scenic Area, at Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, and at Mt. Emei Natural Ecology Monkey Reserve.
  • Siberian Tiger – The largest of the big cats and largest tiger species, the Siberian tiger almost went extinct during the 1930s. Today, thanks to conservation efforts, more than 600 are found in the wild. Listed as Endangered by the IUCN, these tigers can be found in captivity at Harbin Siberian Tiger Park and at safari parks and zoos across China.
  • Chinese Sturgeon – Considered a national treasure, the Chinese sturgeon is nearly extinct and is classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN. Among the largest species of freshwater fish, Chinese sturgeons are on exhibit at the Beijing Aquarium and at the Chinese Sturgeon Museum in Yichang.

The Most Dangerous Animals in China Today

There are many dangerous Chinese animals. If you are looking for the most dangerous animals in China, here’s a rundown of the top contenders:

  • Asian Black Bear – One of the most dangerous animals in China, the Asian black bear is aggressive toward humans. In 2013, eight people in India were killed by Asian black bears. These dangerous Chinese animals are mostly found in the forests of northeast China.
  • Chinese Red Head Centipede – With its brown body and red head, the Chinese red head centipede is easy to recognize. Another of the most dangerous animals in China, one killed a young girl in the Philippines a few years ago. Found mostly in southern China, their venom causes fever, severe pain, and weakness.
  • Asian Giant Hornet – Known as the murder hornet in the U.S., the Asian giant hornet is the largest and deadliest member of the wasp family. Approximately 2 inches long with a brown body, it has orange spots on its head and brown and orange stripes on its abdomen. Its stinger, which administers deadly venom, is 6 millimeters long. In 2013, 41 people in Shaanxi Province in southeast China died after being attacked by these hornets.

Native Birds

China is renowned for its biodiversity, especially bird species. Home to over 1,300 out of 9,000 species in the world, the country is a hotspot for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts. Migratory birds and stationary alike, many roam the expansive habitats of China. Listed are a few examples of popular birding sights throughout the country and some unique species found there.

  • Beidaihe – Over 450 bird species visit or reside in this part of China, making it the capital of birding in the country and one of the top 4 spots in the entire world. One of the most important sightings here is the migration of raptors and cranes, rarely seen elsewhere.
  • Poyang Lake – A popular rest stop for migratory birds, this lake is the largest freshwater body in China. During the winter season, around 700,000 migratory birds from Russia, Serbia, Japan, North Korea, and Mongolia inhabit this area. Some particularly desirable species include the Oriental White Stork and swans. Additionally, over 98% of the white crane population ends up here.
  • Qinghai Lake – Ranked among the top 8 bird sanctuaries in the world, “Bird Island, located on this lake, is a distinctive avian breeding ground in Asia. The spring season, May to July, is the best time to visit and see bar-headed geese, cormorants, and sea gulls breeding on the island, as well as many migratory birds. Another unique species, the Whooper Swan, occupies the island November through the following February.
  • Caohai – Renowned as one of the most popular bird breeding sights in the world, this area is known for housing the black-necked crane, one of the rarest waterfowl in the world. Over 200 migratory avifauna visit Caohai annually, drawn to the variety of water plants growing in the silt-bottom lake.

Overall, China is a wonderful place to visit to see rare, stunning birds – migratory or native. Many of these species are considered vulnerable or endangered and should only be watched from afar, not interacted with or hunted.

Native Fish

Fishing began in China roughly around 100,000 years ago, leading to a long-lived history of the activity in the country. Now, China has more dams than any country in the world, benefitting their economy and fishing industry but harming freshwater species populations in the process, such as the paddlefish and the Chinese sturgeon. Fleets of Chinese fishing boats cast off the coasts of several other countries, leading to overfishing in these areas and lack of resources for local countries or islands. Some of these vessels are large enough to catch in a week what a small, local boat may catch in a year.Supposedly China has over 700,000 fishing boats around the world, accounting for almost half of the world’s fishing activity and making the country the largest exporter of seafood worldwide. Squid fishing is of particular interest, China leading the world with about 50-70% of squid.

caught. Unfortunately, much of China’s fishing activity is leading to decreased populations, endangerment of species, and decline of smaller countries’ economies. Following are some fish populations threatened by overfishing:

On a more positive note, younger generations of China have begun to take up fishing as a way to get into nature and enjoy the outdoors. The sport has begun trending on social media, drawing more young adults in and even leading to the emergence of “fishing influencers.”

Native Snakes

While China is known for wondrous architecture and exquisite natural marvels, its variety of animals is especially fantastic. Along with mammals and birds, reptiles also roam the country, including around 240 species of snake. Of these snakes, 69 species are venomous and 171 species are not. In Chinese culture, snakes represent protection and honour and are considered good luck. Sightings of certain snakes supposedly signify productive harvests and fertility. Relics of these creatures remain throughout the country. Recently, a new species of snake was discovered and named Bungarus suzhenae after Bai Su Zhen, a powerful, shape-shifting goddess of Chinese mythology. Other venomous species to look out:

  • Keelbacks – tiger and red-necked
  • Cobra – Chinese, monocled, king
  • Kraits – banded, many-banded
  • Coral snakes
  • Sea snakes and kraits
  • Vipers – Fea’s, Russel’s
  • Pit vipers

In addition to these potentially dangerous critters, China is also home to some incredible non-venomous snake species. Here are a few examples:

A snake bite is a real vacation-ender, so, make sure to keep an eye out for these sneaky, intelligent reptiles and keep a safe distance if spotted. If bitten, seek medical attention immediately, regardless of toxicity.

Zoos in China

Along with the many unique species of the country, China also exhibits exotic animals from around the world in its multitudes of zoos, aquariums, and wildlife parks. Following are the top 5 attractions in China.

  1. Chimelong Safari Park – Best known for triplet panda babies born in 2014, this park is home to over 20,000 animals and 500 rare species. Involving natural environments for animals for their comfort, the zoo is accessible to people in their own vehicles for convenience along with a walk-through portion as well. Chimelong has the most extensive white tiger collection.
  2. Macau Giant Panda Pavillion – A naturally unique zoo, situated along a hillside and incorporating this natural habitat for the giant pandas inhabiting the large enclosure. Visitors can also experience red pandas in a semi-natural environment along with gorillas, flamingos, and monkeys.
  3. Dalian Forest Zoo – A safari-style zoo set along a mountainside. Animals in this zoo are able to exist in natural habitats with minimal human interference. Divided into multiple areas, animals include reptiles, pandas, primates, young animals, kangaroos, elephants, and polar animals. Some animals of important interest here include the Sichuan golden monkeys and the cranes.
  4. Guangzhou Zoo – Holding over 4,500 animals, this zoo is one of the three largest urban zoos in China. Rare animals are on exhibit here, such as south China tigers, lions, golden monkeys, black-necked cranes, and, of course, giant pandas. The Goldfish Garden is a sight to see with multitudes of freshwater tropical fish, goldfish, and koi.
  5. Yunnan Wildlife Park – Visitors are able to get up close and personal with particular species at this zoo, such as through feeding deer and turtles, and also have the opportunity to learn about breeding and feeding habits of animals. Exciting animals to keep an eye out for: Madagascar day-tailed lemurs, giant pandas, antelope, chimps, zebra, white-cheeked gibbons, and sunflower cockatoo.

Endangered Animals

Sadly, there have been many extinct animals in China. Indeed, many animals native to China have become extinct through the years. Some of the most endangered animals in China include:

  • Pere David’s Deer – This wetland deer species is classified as Extinct in the Wild by the IUCN. Originally found in northeastern and east-central China, only around 1,600 are currently alive in captivity.
  • Tibetan Antelope – Also known as the chiru, this mammal was classified as Endangered by the IUCN in 2000. Around 100,000 of them remain in the wild.
  • Black Necked Crane – These large wading birds are listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN since 1994. In China, populations totaling around 3,5000 individuals remain in Yunnan and western Guizhou.
  • Chinese Alligator – Considered the most endangered of all animals in China, the Chinese alligator is classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN, and only around 150 remain in the wild – mostly near the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
  • Crested Ibis – This large bird almost became another extinct animal in China. At one point, only seven individuals were left in the wild. Today, there are more than 700 in the wild and another 700 or so in captivity.

Chinese Animals

Adelie Penguin

Eats up to 2kg of food per day!

American Alligator

They have two sets of eyelids!

Amur Leopard

The Amur leopard may be the rarest big cat on Earth!

Andrewsarchus

Andrewsarchus is the largest terrestrial mammalian carnivore to have ever lived.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asian Giant Hornet

The largest wasp in the world!

Asian Lady Beetle

Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!

Atlas Moth

Adult atlas moths do not eat - they live off fat they stored as larvae.

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Bamboo Worms

Bamboo worms are the larvae of moths that are eaten as a delicious snack in some parts of Asia.

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Banded Krait

What often prevents more people from falling victim is that the banded krait does not always inject venom in a defensive bite. It saves the venom for hunting prey instead.

Barb

There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beauty rat snake

Beauty Rat Snakes are relatively harmless if left undisturbed, only attempting to bite out of fear.

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.

Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Blind Snake

The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Bronze-winged Jacana

Fathers pick up their young and carry them under their wings

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Burmese Python

These snakes can swallow their prey as whole.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carp

The carp is one of the most popular pond fishes in the world

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cashmere Goat

Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Cave Lion

Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn't have a significant mane.

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chinese Alligator

Unlike other alligators, the Chinese alligator is armored all over, even on its belly.

Chinese Cobra

Juvenile Chinese cobras have the ability to start hunting almost from the moment they hatch from the eggs.

Chinese Crested Dog

A hairless breed of dog!

Chinese Geese

They are excellent “guard geese”

Chinese Paddlefish

The Chinese paddlefish is one the largest freshwater fish in the world

Chinese Shar-Pei

These dogs have a blue and black tongue.

Chinese Water Deer

They usually have 2-3 young at a time but can have up to 7!

Chow Chow

Loyal and affectionate to it's family!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.

Clouded Leopard

Has canines that can be two inches long!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common European Adder

European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common Green Magpie

Magpies are aggressive when threatened, often “dive-bombing” at intruders

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Coral Snake

There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.

Corella

Corella birds are noisy, especially during the early morning or late evening.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Cricket

Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Crow

A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dhole

Only 2,000 left in the wild!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dusky Shark

The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.

Dwarf Hamster

dwarf hamsters love to explore at night.

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elasmotherium

Elasmotherium might have had a monstrous horn, giving it the name "The Siberian Unicorn."

Elk

Adult males can jump eight feet vertically

Epidexipteryx

Epidexipteryx was one of the smallest non-avian dinosaurs to ever exist.

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Beaver

Eats 20% of its weight daily!

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

Eurasian Lynx

Eurasian lynxes can survive extreme weather up to elevations of 18,000 feet

Eurasian Nuthatch

Its song has been compared to a toy horn.

Eurasian Wolf

Coloring depends on location.

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Firefly

The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Flea

Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Gazelle

Named for the Arabic word for love poems

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Giant Panda Bear

Bamboo makes up 99 per cent of their diet!

Giant Salamander

Cryptobranchus giant salamanders breathe mostly through their skin.

Gibbon

Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!

Gigantopithecus

Some cryptozoologists think that Gigantopithecus survives to this day as "The Bigfoot."

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Gnat

Males form large mating swarms at dusk

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Goldcrest

The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goldfish

Goldfish and common carp can mate and produce offspring

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grass Carp

The grass carp is considered to be a natural weed control agent.

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Grey Heron

Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world

Haikouichthys

Haikouichthys was the first animal to develop a well-defined head

Hallucigenia

The position of the Hallucigenia's head puzzled scientists for several years

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Herring Gull

They are loud, spirited birds with raucous cries that sound like bursts of laughter.

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Housefly

The fly has no teeth

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Indian Elephant

Found throughout south-east Asia!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jack-Chi

The Jack-Chi dog is known as the yapping dog because of its insistent bark.

Jackdaw

The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Joro Spider

Named after a Japanese spider demon

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Keelback

The checkered keelback of the east Indies can detach its tail and grow it back, much like a lizard.

King Cobra

They are the longest venomous snake in the world.

King Quail

Females look similar to males but don’t come in shades of blue

King Rat Snake

When threatened or frightened, the king rat snake has the ability to produce a foul-smelling substance out of self defense.

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leech

Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!

Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso was often given as a gift in Tibetan culture

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Linnet

While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!

Loris

Like all lorises, slow loris has a cute wide-eyed look, but it also has a venomous sting that can rot human flesh. 

Lystrosaurus

Lystrosaurus was one of the few terrestial species that survived the permian extinction

Macaque

Macaque females will pass on their social rankings to their daughters

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mandarin Rat Snake

"This docile snake is a popular and long-lived pet - though challenging to care for - with a lifespan of up to 21 years!"

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Mekong Giant Catfish

The Mekong giant catfish is the largest purely freshwater fish in the world

Merganser

They line their nests with their feathers

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Monocled Cobra

The monocled cobra is responsible for the highest fatality rate of any snake in all of Thailand.

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Mosquito

Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muntjac

The muntjac is the smallest type of deer in the world

Musk Deer

The glands of a musk deer can sell for up to $45,000 on the black market.

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Neptune Grouper

The largest recorded specimen ever caught was 17" long

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Onager

An onager's coat changes color with the season.

Oranda Goldfish

Oranda goldfish are one of the most popular fancy goldfish breeds

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.

Osprey

They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Owl

The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Paddlefish

Paddlefish have existed since the Cretaceous Period

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parakeet

Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peacock

Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Peacock Butterfly

The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings deter predators from attacking.

Peacock Spider

They can jump up to 10 centimeters (40 times their body size) and see the full rainbow spectrum of light, including UV.

Pekingese

Thought to be over 2,000 years old!

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Pere Davids Deer

Has webbing between its toes, aiding in swimming!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

The pheasant-tailed jacana is the only species in its family that migrates long distances.

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pipe Snake

Some of these snakes flatten their neck and raise their heads to imitate cobras if they’re threatened.

Pit Viper

Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.

Pliosaur

Pliosaurs were the short-necked version of plesiosaurs.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.

Psittacosaurus

These parrot-headed dinosaurs had beaks and feather-like quills on their tails!

Psittacosaurus

The Psittacosaurus dinosaurs had four limbs but were mostly bipedal.

Pterodactyl

Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.

Pug

Fun and sociable, yet stubborn!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red Aphids

Aphids are called ant cows because ants herd and "milk" them to secrete a substance called honeydew!

Red-Eared Slider

Sliders spend lots of time basking in the sun. As cold-blooded animals, they need the sun to heat up.

Red Panda

There are less than 3,000 left in the wild!

Repenomamus

One of the biggest mammals of the dinosaur age that used to eat other dinosaurs

Rhesus Macaque

Rhesus Macaques are the most widely distributed primate in terms of geographic diversity

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Rooster

Will mate with the entire flock!

Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)

Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.

Sable

Their fur has been considered a luxury item since the Middle Ages

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sambar

Male sambars will compete for mates by clashing together with their antlers

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sarkastodon

Sarkastadon was one of the largest land mammal carnivores of all time!

Sarus Crane

Parents use low calls to tell their chicks to freeze and lie still when danger lurks.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shih Tzu

Can live for up to 15 years!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.

Shrew

The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siberian Ibex

There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico

Sika Deer

Sikas can make 10 different sounds, from soft whistles to loud screams.

Silkie Chicken

Silkie hens are excellent mothers and will tid-bit food with her young. This means she goes over to the food or treats, has a bite, then calls the chick over to her to share. Silkie hens will raise any bird as their own and have been known to patiently sit on a clutch of duck or geese eggs until they hatch.

Sinosauropteryx

Sinosauropteryx were prominent in the Cretaceous and Jurassic periods.

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snow Leopard

Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.

South China Tiger

There are less than 20 in the wild!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Spinosaurus

The Spinosaurus is the biggest carnivorous dinosaur ever discovered!

Spotted Lanternfly

The spotted lanternfly is often confused for a moth, but it’s actually a type of planthopper

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Stork

They can’t sing like other birds.

Sun Bear

The smallest species of bear in the world!

Sunbeam Snake

Sunbeam snakes have two lungs instead of just a single lung like most snake species.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Takin

The takin can leap some 6 feet through the air

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Tarbosaurus

Tarbosaurus‘ name “bataar” is a mispelling of the Mongolian word “baatar,” which means “hero.”

Teddy Bear Hamster

The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tibetan Fox

Tibetan foxes are not territorial and will share a hunting ground with other mated pairs.

Tibetan Mastiff

Originally bred in the Himalayan mountains!

Tibetan Spaniel

Originally bred to be a companion dog in Tibetan Buddhist lamaseries.

Tibetan Terrier

Tibetan terriers have round, flat, “snow shoe” feet that evolved to give them traction on snowy Himalayan paths

Tick

They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger

The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper)

Pit vipers can strike accurately at moving objects less than .5 degrees Farenheit warmer than the background.

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Uguisu

Their guano is used in face creams!

Uintatherium

The Uintatherium was an exceptionally large and exceptionally ugly ungulate that lived during the Eocene epoch

Ural owl

The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Viper

Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White-Tailed Eagle

It is one of the biggest birds of prey.

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wiwaxia

The body of Wiwaxia was covered by rows of sclerites and spines

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Wood Turtle

Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Woolly Mammoth

Tusks grew to 16ft long!

Woolly Rhinoceros

The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.

Worm

Doesn’t have eyes.

Wryneck

They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.

Xiaosaurus

Xiaosaurus was a small and lightweight dinosaur

Xiaotingia

Xiaotingia used its feathery hindlimbs for short-distance flights

Yak

There are only a few left in the wild!

Yellow Crazy Ant

One of the top 100 worst invasive species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Chinese Animals List

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About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

China FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What kind of wildlife lives in Chinese rivers?

The wildlife across rivers in China is extremely diverse. The most varied river from an ecological diversity perspective is the Mekong, which begins in China and flows across Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. The Mekong has 23,000 plant species, 430 mammals, 1,200 birds, 800 reptiles and amphibians, and 1,100 fish.

Where is the fastest train on Earth?

The fastest train on Earth is the Maglev train in China that runs on magnetic levitation. China has just one Maglev line in use at the moment. It connects Shanghai’s Pudong Airport with the Longyang Road station. The train is able to make the 19-mile journey in just seven and a half minutes.