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Falcon

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Falcon Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Falconiformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Falconidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Falco
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Falconiforme
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
22cm - 40cm (9in - 19in)
Wingspan:51cm - 110cm (20in - 43in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
0.7kg - 1.2kg (1.5lbs - 2.6lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
322km/h (200mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
12 - 18 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, Grey, Brown, White, Yellow
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Favourite Food:Birds
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
High areas like mountains and cliffs
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once
3
Main Prey:Birds, Rabbits, Bats
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Eagles, Owls, Wolves
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Sharp, pointed beak and aerodynamic body shape

Falcon Location

Map of Falcon Locations

Falcon

Falcons are medium sized birds of prey found all across the world although falcons tend to prefer the more temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Falcons are best known for their ruthlessness and their incredible flying abilities.

Falcons have tapered wings that allow the falcon to change direction extremely quickly especially when compared to other birds. Falcons have been recorded diving at speeds of up to 200mph, meaning they are the fastest creatures on the planet!

There are more than 40 different species of falcon that can be found all around the world such as the peregrine falcon and the black falcon. Falcons vary in size from 25cm tall to more than 60cm tall, but the height of the falcon depends on the species. The peregrine falcon is the most common bird of prey in the world and is found on every continent besides Antarctica.

Falcons are birds of prey and are therefore known for their incredible hunting skills and being a ruthless, dominant predator within their environment. Falcons hunt their prey from the skies above and swoop down through the air to catch it once they have spotted a meal with their incredible eyesight. Falcons hunt all kinds of small animals like mice, frogs, fish and falcons will even catch small birds in the air.

Due to the large size, speed and alertness of the falcon, the falcon has few natural predators and even fewer that are actually airborne. Humans and wolves tend to be the main predators of the falcon on the ground and eagles and even large owls have been known to hunt the smaller species of falcon (and of course the young and inexperienced falcons) in the air. The eggs and chicks of the falcon are particularly vulnerable to being eaten.

Falcons have adapted in many ways to maximise their chances of survival in the skies. The falcon has tapered wings that allow the falcon to be more agile; incredibly acute eyesight which enables the falcon to spot prey on the ground far below; an aerodynamic body shape means that the falcon glides through the air more easily and a sharp pointed beak helps the falcon to grab and eat it's prey more effectively.

Falcons nest on high ground such as mountains and cliffs and in the tops of tall trees. This means that the vulnerable eggs and chicks of the falcon are in the safest place possible. Falcons start to breed when they are about a year old. Female falcons lay an average of 3 eggs per clutch and look after their chicks until they are big enough and strong enough to fend for themselves.

Falcons are generally solitary birds and only really come together to mate. Although falcons are known to stay in the same place, many species of falcon are migratory birds and have been known to travel more than 15,000 miles per year.

Falcon Comments

CitricWinner330
"Love this awesome website, helped me with my research project! "
Josh
"Its good and helped me with my project"
Sara
"Nice website perfect for kids!"
Eva
"falcons are the most cutest birds of pray ever."
Fatima
""Thank you very much .You help me with my assignment and Peregrine falcon is my favorite animal.""
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First Published: 5th December 2008, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Dec 2008]

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