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Pronghorn Antelope
Barcelona Zoo
Antelope in Ghana
Antelope in Ghana
Antelope in Ghana
The antelope is a deer-like mammal found in Africa, Asia and parts of the Americas. There are many different species of antelope including the tiny Royal antelope that stands at the height of a rabbit!

Unlike deer that renew their horns annually, the antelope has strong permanent horns, that antelope mainly use to defend their herd or to fight other antelopes.

An antelope tends to get to between 8 and 10 years old in the wild although they have been known to live for longer when kept in captivity. Many antelope individuals however, wouldn\'t last into old age in the wild as antelope are a key target for many large carnivorous mammals. If the antelope was old then the antelope would naturally be slower at running from danger.

The antelope is one of the many medium-sized mammals holding the African food chain together. The antelope may only graze on grasses but it is a stable food source for many of Africa\'s large carnivorous predators, such as lions, hyenas and crocodiles.

Antelope display different defensive behaviours based on their size, habitat, number and species. The smaller solitary antelope tend to live in dense forested areas and these species of antelope defend themselves by hiding. The duiker antelopes get their name from this specie\'s ability to dive into the vegetation. Gazelle-sized antelope run and leap, and some species of antelope exhibit their unique behaviour of pronking or stotting. Large antelope congregate in larger herds and can depend on running as group defence.

The antelope is found in a wide range of habitats, typically woodland, forest, savannah, grassland plains, and marshes. Several species of antelope have adapted to living in the mountains and rocky outcrops, a few species of antelope have adapted to deserts (both hot and cold), and a couple of species of antelope are even semi-aquatic and these antelope live in swamps.

After mating, female antelopes give birth to a single calf or, more rarely, twins, after a gestation period that can last up to eight months. A mother and her newborn calf are vulnerable to predators, and antelopes have had to evolve different strategies for surviving this period. For most antelope species, the female gives birth in dense cover and leaves the calf while she feeds. The calf comes to its mother when she calls it, and once fed, the calf will hide away again. Once in its hiding place, the calf remains completely still and will run away only if it is on the verge of being discovered.

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Antelope Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
1m - 1.5m (3 - 5ft)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
500kg - 900kg (1,100lbs - 2,000lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
70km/h (43mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
10 - 25 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Red, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Grass
The specific area where the animal lives...
Forest and grasslands
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Shoots, Seeds
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Lion, Cheetah, Crocodile
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Long legs and curved antlers

Related Animals

Long and heavy spiralled horns!
There are around 40 different species!
Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!
Able to jump over 2 meters high!
Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!
Renews it's enormous antlers every year!
Eats more than 100 different types of plant!