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Chamois

Chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra)Chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra)Alpine IbexAlpine IbexChamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra)Chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra)Chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra)Chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra)Chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra)
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Chamois Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Bovidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Rupicapra
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Rupicapra Rupicapra
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Herbivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
75cm - 80cm (30in - 31in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
50kg - 55kg (110lbs - 121lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
17km/h (10mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
18 - 22 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Grey, Black, Tan, White
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Mountainous and rocky terrain
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Grass, Leaves, Shrubs
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Wolf, Wildcats
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Black and white face markings and backward curving horns

Chamois Location

Map of Chamois Locations
Map of Europe

Chamois

The chamois is a large sized mountain goat, native to the European mountains. Today, the range of the chamois includes Romania, Italy, Switzerland, Austria and parts of Turkey. The chamois has also been introduced to the mountainous regions of New Zealand's South Island.

The chamois is a member of the Bovidae family of animals which includes sheep goats and even antelope. The average sized adult chamois stands at around 75cm high and weighs roughly 50 kg. The chamois is a relatively stocky looking animal, especially when compared to the average farmyard goat.

The chamois has short horns, that curve backwards on both the male chamois and the female chamois. The fur of the chamois is thick to keep it warm in the alpine winters, and turns from a deep brown colour in the summer to a grey colour in the winter. The chamois also has a white coloured face with black markings below the eyes. The chamois has a black stripe that runs along it's back from neck to rump.

The male chamois is generally a very solitary animal, as the male chamois spends most of the year grazing alone and meets with female chamois during the mating season. The female chamois however, live in herds with other females and their young. This safety in numbers approach helps the female chamois and the offspring to protect one another.

As with other animals of the same group, such as sheep and goats, the chamois is a herbivorous animal feeding on a purely plant based diet. The chamois spends it time grazing on the alpine meadows and munching leaves from the shrubs and bushes.

In it's natural European habitat, the chamois has a number of predators including wolves, foxes and wildcats. Over the years, the human has been one of the biggest predators of the chamois as they are hunted for their meat. Before human settlers moved into the European mountains, the chamois would have also had much larger predators such as bears and leopards but both are nearly (if not) extinct in Europe today. There are no natural predators of the chamois in it's introduced environment in New Zealand.

The mating season of the chamois occurs in the late winter to early spring. After a gestation period of between 5 and 6 months, the female chamois will give birth to a single chamois baby known as a chamois calf. Although the chamois has been known to give birth to twins, it is very rare. The mother chamois nurses her calf, feeding it milk until it is able to graze. The chamois calf is more independent at 6 months of age but the chamois calf tends to stay with it's mother until it is at least a year old. Generally, the chamois lives to between 18 and 22 years.

Despite the fact that the chamois is not considered to be an endangered animal, or even an animal that is under threat from extinction, European laws prohibits the hunting of the chamois in order to try and conserve native mountainous animal species.

Chamois Translations

български език
Дива коза
Bosanski
Divokoza
Català
Isard
Cesky
Kamzík horský
Deutsch
Gämse
English
Chamois
Esperanto
Ĉamo
Español
Rupicapra rupicapra
Suomi
Gemssi
Français
Chamois
Galego
Rebezo
Magyar
Zerge
Italiano
Rupicapra rupicapra
日本語
シャモア
Nederlands
Gems (dier)
Norsk
Gemse
Polski
Kozica
Português
Rupicapra rupicapra
Româna
Capra neagră
Slovenščina
Gams
Svenska
Gems
中文
臆羚

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First Published: 1st October 2009, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 01 Oct 2009]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 01 Oct 2009]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Oct 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 01 Oct 2009]

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