To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Kingfisher


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
Malachite Kingfisher close to the Kafue river near Kafue, Zambia.
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo atthis
The Malagasy Kingfisher (Corythornis vintsioides)
The kingfisher is a small to medium sized colourful bird generally found close to water.There are nearly 100 different species of the kingfisher bird found around the world.

Kingfishers live both in wetlands and woodlands worldwide, feeding mainly on fish but also insects, frogs and crayfish with those kingfisher species that live in the woodlands occasionally eating reptiles, birds and even small mammals.

There are three main types of kingfisher around the globe which are the river kingfishers, the tree kingfishers and the water kingfishers all of which have large heads, long sharp pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails.

The smallest species of kingfisher is the African Dwarf Kingfisher, which gets to an average of 10.4 g in weight and just 10 cm (4 inches) in length. The largest kingfisher species is the Giant Kingfisher, which gets to an average of 355 g (13.5 oz) and grows to 45 cm (18 inches). However, the familiar Australian kingfisher known as the Laughing Kookaburra may be the heaviest known kingfisher species, since large adult Australian kingfishers exceeding 450 g in weight are quite common.

Kingfishers nest in tree hollows and holes dug into the ground, which tend to be in river banks or at the sides of lakes. Kingfishers dig small tunnels with their nest at the end, which can range in length depending on the species. The giant kingfisher is known to dig tunnels that are over 8 meters long! Female kingfishers lay up to 10 eggs (although normally less), and both the male and the female kingfishers help to incubate the eggs, which hatch in between 3 and 4 weeks.

Kingfishers are well known for their brightly coloured feathers which range in colour from black to red to green. Some species of kingfisher have tufts of feathers on their heads which stick upwards, although many species of kingfishers have smooth, flat feathers covering their bodies.

Due to their generally small size, kingfishers have a number of predators wherever they exist around the world. The main predators of the kingfisher are foxes, raccoons, cats and snakes, but kingfishers are also preyed upon by other small mammals and large birds. The eggs of the kingfisher are also preyed upon by many of the kingfisher's predators.

Many species of kingfisher are considered to be threatened species as their numbers have been declining mainly due to habitat loss. These threatened species of kingfisher tend to be the kingfisher species that inhabit woodland and forests as their habitat is being destroyed due to deforestation which occurs in many areas around the world.


Kingfisher Comments (23)

Charlie

"This info is bound to get an A+!"

Patrick gray

"This info is useful for my studies and learning. Rating: 1000000000000= Great 0= boooooo 1000000000000!!!!!!! Totally great!"

Charlie Williams

"This website is a great learning ground for kids. P.S. this web is tots boss!"

Showing 3 of 23 comments.

Show More Comments

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:


Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Kingfisher article.
 
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Kingfisher article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Kingfisher Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Coraciiformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Alcedines
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Coraciiformes
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
10cm - 37.5cm (4in - 15in)
Wingspan:20cm - 66cm (7.8in - 26in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
10g - 170g (0.4oz - 6oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
40km/h (25mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
6 - 10 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Red, Green, Yellow, Orange, Black, Blue, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Feathers
Favourite Food:Fish
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Lowland freshwater areas and river estuaries
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
4
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Fish, Shrimp, Insects, Tadpoles
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Foxes, Snakes, Raccoons
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Small body and long, sharp and straight beaks

Related Animals

BirdBird
Not all birds are able to fly!
Birds Of ParadiseBirds Of Paradise
There are around 50 different species!
HummingbirdHummingbird
Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!
FishFish
Respire through the gills on their heads!